Advanced Biofuel Technologies : Status and Barriers

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Cheng, Jay J.
dc.contributor.author
Timilsina, Govinda R.
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T18:41:45Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T18:41:45Z
dc.date.issued
2010-09-01
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:02:13Z
dc.description.abstract
Large-scale production of crop based (first generation) biofuels may not be feasible without adversely affecting global food supply or encroaching on other important land uses. Because alternatives to liquid fossil fuels are important to develop in order to address greenhouse gas mitigation and other energy policy objectives, the potential for increased use of advanced (non-crop, second generation) biofuel production technologies has significant policy relevance. This study reviews the current status of several advanced biofuel technologies. Technically, it would be possible to produce a large portion of transportation fuels using advanced biofuel technologies, specifically those that can be grown using a small portion of the world's land area (for example, microalgae), or those grown on arable lands without affecting food supply (for example, agricultural residues). However, serious technical barriers limit the near-term commercial application of advanced biofuels technologies. Key technical barriers include low conversion efficiency from biomass to fuel, limits on supply of key enzymes used in conversion, large energy requirements for operation, and dependence in many cases on commercially unproven technology. Despite a large future potential, large-scale expansion of advanced biofuels technologies is unlikely unless and until further research and development lead to lowering these barriers.
en
dc.identifier
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000158349_20100901162217
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/3896
dc.language
English
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Paper is funded by the Knowledge for Change Program (KCP),Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5411
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABSENCE OF OXYGEN
dc.subject
ACID HYDROLYSIS
dc.subject
ACID RECOVERY
dc.subject
ACIDS
dc.subject
ADSORPTION
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL RESIDUES
dc.subject
AIR
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
ALCOHOLS
dc.subject
ALGAL BIOMASS
dc.subject
ALKALI
dc.subject
ALKALI METALS
dc.subject
ALKALINES
dc.subject
ALKALIS
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE FUEL
dc.subject
ALUMINUM
dc.subject
AMMONIA
dc.subject
ANAEROBIC CONDITIONS
dc.subject
ANAEROBIC DIGESTION
dc.subject
ANHYDROUS ETHANOL
dc.subject
ANIMAL FAT
dc.subject
ANIMAL FATS
dc.subject
ANIMAL WASTES
dc.subject
APPROACH
dc.subject
AQUATIC SPECIES
dc.subject
ASH
dc.subject
ATMOSPHERE
dc.subject
ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE
dc.subject
ATP
dc.subject
AUTOMOBILE FUEL
dc.subject
AVAILABILITY
dc.subject
BIOCHEMICAL REACTIONS
dc.subject
BIODIESEL
dc.subject
BIOFUEL
dc.subject
BIOFUEL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
BIOFUEL TECHNOLOGIES
dc.subject
BIOFUELS
dc.subject
BIOFUELS TECHNOLOGIES
dc.subject
BIOGAS
dc.subject
BIOGAS PRODUCTION
dc.subject
BIOLOGICAL PROCESSES
dc.subject
BIOMASS
dc.subject
BIOMASS COMPONENTS
dc.subject
BIOMASS ENERGY
dc.subject
BIOMASS HARVESTING
dc.subject
BIOMASS PRODUCTION
dc.subject
BIOMASS YIELD
dc.subject
BIOMETHANOL
dc.subject
BIRDS
dc.subject
CANOLA
dc.subject
CARBOHYDRATE
dc.subject
CARBOHYDRATES
dc.subject
CARBON DIOXIDE
dc.subject
CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSION
dc.subject
CARBON MONOXIDE
dc.subject
CARBON SOURCE
dc.subject
CARBON SUGARS
dc.subject
CATALYSTS
dc.subject
CELLULASE ENZYMES
dc.subject
CELLULOSE
dc.subject
CELLULOSIC ETHANOL
dc.subject
CELLULOSIC ETHANOL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
CELLULOSIC MATERIALS
dc.subject
CH4
dc.subject
CHEMICAL BONDS
dc.subject
CHEMICAL FEEDSTOCKS
dc.subject
CHEMICAL PROCESS
dc.subject
CHEMICAL PROCESSES
dc.subject
CHEMICAL REACTION
dc.subject
CHEMICAL REACTIONS
dc.subject
CHEMICAL SYNTHESIS
dc.subject
CHEMICALS
dc.subject
CHEMISTRY
dc.subject
CLIMATE
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
CO
dc.subject
CO2
dc.subject
COAGULATION
dc.subject
COAL
dc.subject
COAL GASIFICATION
dc.subject
COBALT
dc.subject
COMBUSTION
dc.subject
CONDENSATION
dc.subject
CONVERSION EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
CONVERSION RATE
dc.subject
COOKING
dc.subject
COOKING OIL
dc.subject
COPPER
dc.subject
CORN COBS
dc.subject
CORN GRAIN
dc.subject
CORN STOVER
dc.subject
CROP
dc.subject
CROP RESIDUES
dc.subject
CRUDE OIL
dc.subject
CYCLONES
dc.subject
DEW
dc.subject
DEW POINT
dc.subject
DIESEL
dc.subject
DIESEL ENGINES
dc.subject
DILUTE SULFURIC ACID
dc.subject
DIMETHYL ETHER
dc.subject
DISSOLVED OXYGEN
dc.subject
DISTILLATION
dc.subject
DOSAGE
dc.subject
DROUGHT
dc.subject
DUST
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY GENERATION
dc.subject
ELECTROSTATIC PRECIPITATORS
dc.subject
ENERGY CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
ENERGY CROPS
dc.subject
ENERGY INPUT
dc.subject
ENERGY OUTPUT
dc.subject
ENERGY POLICY
dc.subject
ENERGY PRODUCTION
dc.subject
ENERGY REQUIREMENTS
dc.subject
ENERGY SOURCE
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
dc.subject
ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS
dc.subject
ESTER
dc.subject
ESTERS
dc.subject
ETHANOL DISSOLVES
dc.subject
ETHANOL FERMENTATION
dc.subject
ETHANOL FROM CORN
dc.subject
ETHANOL FUEL
dc.subject
ETHANOL PLANT
dc.subject
ETHANOL PLANTS
dc.subject
ETHANOL PRODUCTION COSTS
dc.subject
ETHANOL PRODUCTION FACILITIES
dc.subject
ETHANOL YIELD
dc.subject
ETHANOL YIELDS
dc.subject
EXPLOSIVE
dc.subject
FATTY ACIDS
dc.subject
FEEDSTOCK
dc.subject
FEEDSTOCKS
dc.subject
FERTILIZATION
dc.subject
FERTILIZERS
dc.subject
FILTRATION
dc.subject
FOREST
dc.subject
FOREST PRODUCTS
dc.subject
FORESTRY
dc.subject
FORESTS
dc.subject
FOSSIL
dc.subject
FOSSIL FUEL
dc.subject
FOSSIL FUEL CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
FOSSIL FUELS
dc.subject
FUEL
dc.subject
FUEL ETHANOL
dc.subject
FUEL ETHANOL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
FUEL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
GASES
dc.subject
GASIFICATION
dc.subject
GASIFICATION OF BIOMASS
dc.subject
GASIFICATION PROCESS
dc.subject
GASIFICATION TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
GASOLINE
dc.subject
GENERATION
dc.subject
GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
GLUCOSE
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS MITIGATION
dc.subject
HEAT
dc.subject
HEAT EXCHANGER
dc.subject
HEAT EXCHANGERS
dc.subject
HEMICELLULOSE
dc.subject
HIGH ETHANOL
dc.subject
HIGHER ETHANOL
dc.subject
HYDROCARBONS
dc.subject
HYDROCHLORIC ACID
dc.subject
HYDROGEN
dc.subject
HYDROGENATION
dc.subject
HYDROLYSIS
dc.subject
IMPROVING ENERGY EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
IMPURITIES
dc.subject
IPCC
dc.subject
IRON
dc.subject
LIGNIN
dc.subject
LIGNIN CONTENT
dc.subject
LIGNOCELLULOSIC BIOMASS
dc.subject
LIPIDS
dc.subject
LIQUEFACTION
dc.subject
LIQUID FUEL
dc.subject
LIQUID FUELS
dc.subject
LOW-SULFUR
dc.subject
MANGANESE
dc.subject
METABOLISM
dc.subject
METALS
dc.subject
METHANE
dc.subject
METHANOL
dc.subject
MICROALGAE
dc.subject
MOISTURE CONTENT
dc.subject
NATURAL GAS
dc.subject
NATURAL GAS PIPELINE
dc.subject
NH3
dc.subject
NICKEL
dc.subject
NITROGEN
dc.subject
NUTRIENTS
dc.subject
OIL
dc.subject
OIL PALM
dc.subject
OIL PRODUCER
dc.subject
OIL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
OIL YIELD
dc.subject
OILS
dc.subject
ORGANIC CARBON
dc.subject
ORGANIC CHEMICALS
dc.subject
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
dc.subject
ORGANIC MATERIALS
dc.subject
OXYGEN
dc.subject
PARTICLES
dc.subject
PARTICULATES
dc.subject
PET
dc.subject
PETROLEUM
dc.subject
PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
dc.subject
PH
dc.subject
PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS
dc.subject
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
dc.subject
PLANT BIOMASS
dc.subject
PLANT OIL
dc.subject
POLYMERIZATION
dc.subject
POWER
dc.subject
POWER PLANTS
dc.subject
PP
dc.subject
PROPANE
dc.subject
PROTEINS
dc.subject
PURE ETHANOL
dc.subject
PURIFICATION SYSTEM
dc.subject
PYROLYSIS
dc.subject
RAPESEED
dc.subject
RAW MATERIAL
dc.subject
RAW MATERIALS
dc.subject
RENEWABLE ENERGY
dc.subject
RENEWABLE FUELS
dc.subject
RICE FARMERS
dc.subject
RICE PRODUCTION
dc.subject
RICE STRAW
dc.subject
SILICA
dc.subject
SO2
dc.subject
SOYBEAN OIL
dc.subject
SUBSTRATES
dc.subject
SUGAR
dc.subject
SUGAR BEET
dc.subject
SUGAR YIELD
dc.subject
SUGARCANE
dc.subject
SUGARS TO ETHANOL
dc.subject
SULFUR
dc.subject
SULFUR OXIDES
dc.subject
SUNLIGHT
dc.subject
SURPLUS BAGASSE
dc.subject
SYNTHETIC FUELS
dc.subject
TECHNOLOGIES FOR ETHANOL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
TOXIC SUBSTANCES
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION FUEL
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION FUELS
dc.subject
TROPICAL REGIONS
dc.subject
TURBIDITY
dc.subject
VEGETABLE OIL
dc.subject
VEGETABLE OILS
dc.subject
VEHICLES
dc.subject
VITAMINS
dc.subject
WHEAT
dc.subject
WOOD CHIPS
dc.subject
WOOD INDUSTRY
dc.subject
WOOD PROCESSING
dc.subject
WOODY BIOMASS
dc.subject
ZINC
dc.title
Advanced Biofuel Technologies : Status and Barriers
en
okr.date.disclosure
2010-09-01
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000158349_20100901162217
okr.globalpractice
Water
okr.globalpractice
Energy and Extractives
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-5411
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20100901162217
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
12719385
okr.identifier.report
WPS5411
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2010/09/01/000158349_20100901162217/Rendered/PDF/WPS5411.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
The World Region
okr.sector
Energy efficiency in power sector
okr.sector
Energy and mining
okr.topic
Energy :: Renewable Energy
okr.topic
Water Supply and Sanitation :: Sanitation and Sewerage
okr.topic
Energy :: Energy Production and Transportation
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.unit
DECRG: Agriculture & Rural Devt. (DECAR)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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