Poverty Lines across the World

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Ravallion, Martin
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T18:39:31Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T18:39:31Z
dc.date.issued
2010-04-01
dc.description.abstract
National poverty lines vary greatly across the world, from under $1 per person per day to over $40 (at 2005 purchasing power parity). What accounts for these huge differences, and can they be understood within a common global definition of poverty? For all except the poorest countries, the absolute, nutrition-based, poverty lines found in practice tend to behave more like relative lines, in that they are higher for richer countries. Prevailing methods of setting absolute lines allow ample scope for such relativity, even when nutritional norms are common across countries. Both macro data on poverty lines across the world and micro data on subjective perceptions of poverty are consistent with a weak form of relativity that combines absolute consumption needs with social-inclusion needs that are positive for the poorest but rise with a country s mean consumption. The strong form of relativism favored by some developed countries -- whereby the line is set at a fixed proportion of the mean -- emerges as the limiting case for very rich countries.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/3771
dc.language
English
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5284
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABSOLUTE POVERTY
dc.subject
ABSOLUTE POVERTY LINE
dc.subject
ABSOLUTE POVERTY LINES
dc.subject
AGGREGATE INCOME
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AGGREGATE POVERTY
dc.subject
AGREED METRIC
dc.subject
ASSESSING WELFARE
dc.subject
BASIC CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
BASIC CONSUMPTION NEEDS
dc.subject
BASIC NEEDS
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BASIC NEEDS METHOD
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CALORIC REQUIREMENTS
dc.subject
CASE STUDY
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COMMODITY BUNDLE
dc.subject
COMMON UTILITY FUNCTION
dc.subject
COMPARABLE UTILITY FUNCTION
dc.subject
COMPARING POVERTY
dc.subject
CONSISTENT POVERTY LINES
dc.subject
CONSUMER DEMAND
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CONSUMER PRICE INDEX
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION BUNDLE
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION DATA
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION NEEDS
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION PER CAPITA
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DEFINITIONS OF POVERTY
dc.subject
DEMAND BEHAVIOR
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DEMAND FUNCTIONS
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DEMOGRAPHIC COMPOSITION
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DERIVED UTILITY FUNCTION
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DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
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DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRY
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DEVELOPING WORLD
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT ISSUES
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT RESEARCH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC CONTRACTION
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC LITERATURE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC MODELS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC REVIEW
dc.subject
ECONOMIC SURVEYS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC THEORY
dc.subject
ECONOMICS
dc.subject
EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE
dc.subject
EMPIRICAL RELATIONSHIP
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EMPIRICAL STUDIES
dc.subject
EMPIRICAL WORK
dc.subject
EQUIVALENCE SCALE
dc.subject
EQUIVALENCE SCALES
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ESCAPE POVERTY
dc.subject
EXCHANGE RATES
dc.subject
EXPENDITURE FUNCTION
dc.subject
FOOD BUNDLE
dc.subject
FOOD BUNDLES
dc.subject
FOOD DEMAND FUNCTION
dc.subject
FOOD ENERGY
dc.subject
FOOD ENERGY INTAKE
dc.subject
FOOD GOODS
dc.subject
FOOD ITEMS
dc.subject
FOOD NEEDS
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FOOD POVERTY
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FOOD POVERTY LINE
dc.subject
FOOD PRICES
dc.subject
FOOD SHARE
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FOOD SPENDING
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FOOD-ENERGY INTAKE
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FOOD-ENERGY REQUIREMENTS
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GEOGRAPHIC AREAS
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GLOBAL MARKETS
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GLOBAL POVERTY
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HEADCOUNT INDEX
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HIGH ELASTICITY
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HIGH-INCOME COUNTRIES
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HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS
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HOUSEHOLD SIZE
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
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HOUSEHOLD WELFARE
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
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HUMAN DEVELOPMENT REPORT
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INCIDENCE OF POVERTY
dc.subject
INCOME
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INCOME DISTRIBUTION
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INCOME ELASTICITY
dc.subject
INCOME LEVEL
dc.subject
INCOME POVERTY
dc.subject
INCOMES INCREASE
dc.subject
INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INTER-REGIONAL MIGRATION
dc.subject
LIVING INDEX
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS MEASUREMENT
dc.subject
MEAN CONDITIONAL
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MEAN INCOME
dc.subject
MEASURED INCREASE
dc.subject
MEASURED POVERTY
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MEASUREMENT OF POVERTY
dc.subject
MEASURING POVERTY
dc.subject
MEAT
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MICRO DATA
dc.subject
MILK
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MONITORING POVERTY
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NATIONAL POVERTY
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NATIONAL POVERTY LINE
dc.subject
NATIONAL POVERTY LINES
dc.subject
NON-FOOD COMPONENT
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NON-FOOD GOODS
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NON-FOOD ITEMS
dc.subject
NON-FOOD NEEDS
dc.subject
NON-FOOD PRICES
dc.subject
NON-NUTRITIONAL FUNCTIONINGS
dc.subject
NONFOOD COMPONENT
dc.subject
NUTRITION
dc.subject
NUTRITIONAL INTAKE
dc.subject
NUTRITIONAL NORMS
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NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENTS
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NUTRITIONAL STATUS
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OBJECTIVE POVERTY LINES
dc.subject
OFFICIAL POVERTY
dc.subject
OFFICIAL POVERTY LINE
dc.subject
PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
POLICY ANALYSIS
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
POOR
dc.subject
POOR COUNTRIES
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POOR PEOPLE
dc.subject
POVERTY ACROSS COUNTRIES
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POVERTY ANALYSIS
dc.subject
POVERTY ASSESSMENTS
dc.subject
POVERTY BUNDLE
dc.subject
POVERTY BUNDLES
dc.subject
POVERTY COMPARISONS
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POVERTY DYNAMICS
dc.subject
POVERTY INCIDENCE
dc.subject
POVERTY LEVEL
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POVERTY LINE
dc.subject
POVERTY LINES
dc.subject
POVERTY MEASURE
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POVERTY MEASUREMENT
dc.subject
POVERTY MEASURES
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POVERTY PROFILE
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POVERTY PROFILES
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POVERTY RATE
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POVERTY RATES
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject
PRICE CHANGES
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PRICE VECTOR
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PRICES INCREASE
dc.subject
PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION
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PURCHASING POWER
dc.subject
QUALITATIVE DATA
dc.subject
RANDOM VARIABLE
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REAL TERMS
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REDUCING POVERTY
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REGIONAL POVERTY
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RELATIVE INCOME
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RELATIVE POSITION
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RELATIVE PRICES
dc.subject
RESULTING POVERTY LINES
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RICH COUNTRIES
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RURAL
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RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL LINE
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SETTING POVERTY
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SETTING POVERTY LINES
dc.subject
SOCIAL SECURITY
dc.subject
SOCIAL WELFARE
dc.subject
SUBJECTIVE POVERTY
dc.subject
SUBJECTIVE POVERTY LINE
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TARGETING
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TOTAL POVERTY
dc.subject
TOTAL POVERTY LINE
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TRUE COST-OF-LIVING INDICES
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
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URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
URBAN HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
URBAN POVERTY
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URBAN POVERTY LINE
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URBAN SECTOR
dc.subject
UTILITY CONSISTENCY
dc.subject
UTILITY FUNCTION
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UTILITY INCONSISTENCIES
dc.subject
UTILITY LEVEL
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UTILITY-CONSISTENT POVERTY
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VEGETABLES
dc.subject
WELFARE COMPARISONS
dc.subject
WELFARE FUNCTION
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WELFARE INDICATOR
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WELFARE LEVELS
dc.subject
WELFARE METRIC
dc.title
Poverty Lines across the World
en
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000158349_20100427143536
okr.globalpractice
Poverty
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-5284
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20100427143536
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
12158104
okr.identifier.report
WPS5284
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2010/04/27/000158349_20100427143536/Rendered/PDF/WPS5284.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
The World Region
okr.region.administrative
The World Region
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Poverty Lines
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Rural Poverty Reduction
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Achieving Shared Growth
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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