Working Paper

Mangroves as Coastal Protection for Local Economic Activities from Hurricanes in the Caribbean

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Miranda, Juan Jose
dc.contributor.author
Butron, Luigi
dc.contributor.author
Pantoja, Chrissie
dc.contributor.author
Gunasekera, Rashmin
dc.date.accessioned
2021-12-02T22:22:10Z
dc.date.available
2021-12-02T22:22:10Z
dc.date.issued
2021-11
dc.date.lastModified
2021-12-03T05:10:43Z
dc.description.abstract
In recent decades, hurricane frequency and intensity have increased in the Caribbean Basin. From 2000 to 2012, more than 100 hurricanes impacted lives, infrastructure, and economic activity along the region’s shorelines. Studies suggest that mangrove forests’ dense root systems might mitigate the impact of hurricanes, which would help stabilize the coastline and prevent erosion from waves and storms. Although many tropical mangroves are found on Caribbean coasts, climatic and anthropogenic events have been clearing these wetland ecosystems at an annual rate of 1 percent since the 1990s. This study quantifies the effects of hurricane windstorms on economic activity using nightlight as a proxy at the highest spatial resolution data available (1 square kilometer). Using different widths of the mangrove belt, it measures levels of mangrove natural protection against the impact of hurricanes and studies the broader socioeconomic and environmental effects of this protection. The results suggest that while major hurricanes reduce nightlight by approximately 2 percent and up to 16 percent in storm surge prone areas, the presence of mangroves on the coast mitigates the impact of hurricanes, reducing nightlight by 1–6 percent.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/undefined/174441638210732041/Mangroves-as-Coastal-Protection-for-Local-Economic-Activities-from-Hurricanes-in-the-Caribbean
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/36639
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 9863
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
MANGROVE FOREST
dc.subject
NATURAL DISASTER
dc.subject
HURRICANE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
dc.subject
WETLAND ECOSYSTEM
dc.subject
COASTAL ECOSYSTEM
dc.title
Mangroves as Coastal Protection for Local Economic Activities from Hurricanes in the Caribbean
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2021-11-29
okr.date.lastmodified
2021-11-29T00:00:00Z
en
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/undefined/174441638210732041/Mangroves-as-Coastal-Protection-for-Local-Economic-Activities-from-Hurricanes-in-the-Caribbean
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.guid
174441638210732041
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-9863
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b088bcdb74_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
33648473
okr.identifier.report
WPS9863
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/174441638210732041/pdf/Mangroves-as-Coastal-Protection-for-Local-Economic-Activities-from-Hurricanes-in-the-Caribbean.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.geographical
Caribbean
okr.topic
Environment :: Coastal and Marine Environment
okr.topic
Environment :: Natural Disasters
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Economic Growth
okr.unit
Environment, Natural Resources and Blue Economy Global Practice

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