Working Paper

The Intergenerational Effects of Economic Sanctions

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Moeeni, Safoura
dc.date.accessioned
2021-11-12T18:09:17Z
dc.date.available
2021-11-12T18:09:17Z
dc.date.issued
2021-11
dc.date.lastModified
2021-11-13T05:10:40Z
dc.description.abstract
While economic sanctions are successful in achieving political goals, can hurt the civilian population. These negative effects could be even more detrimental and long-lasting for future generations. This study estimates the effects of economic sanctions on children’s education by exploiting the United Nations sanctions imposed on Iran in 2006. Using the variation in the strength of sanctions across industries and difference-in-differences with synthetic control analyses, this study finds that the sanctions decreased children’s total years of schooling by 0.1 years and the probability of attending college by 4.8 percentage points. Moreover, households reduced education spending by 58 percent— particularly on school tuition. These effects are larger for children who were exposed longer to the sanctions. The results imply that sanctions have a larger effect on the income of children than their parents. Therefore, ignoring the effects of sanctions on future generations significantly understates their total economic costs.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/undefined/150531636051396237/The-Intergenerational-Effects-of-Economic-Sanctions
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/36548
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 9836
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
ECONOMIC SANCTIONS
dc.subject
INTERGENERATIONAL EFFECT
dc.subject
SYNTHETIC CONTROL METHOD
dc.subject
SCHOOL ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
POVERTY
dc.title
The Intergenerational Effects of Economic Sanctions
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2021-11-04
okr.date.lastmodified
2021-11-04T00:00:00Z
en
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/undefined/150531636051396237/The-Intergenerational-Effects-of-Economic-Sanctions
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.guid
150531636051396237
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-9836
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b088b24bc7_2_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
33584570
okr.identifier.report
WPS9836
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/150531636051396237/pdf/The-Intergenerational-Effects-of-Economic-Sanctions.pdf
en
okr.topic
Conflict and Development :: International Affairs
okr.topic
Education :: Access & Equity in Basic Education
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Trade Policy
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Inequality
okr.topic
Education :: Secondary Education
okr.unit
Development Policy Team, Development Economics

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