Is There Such Thing As Middle Class Values? Class Differences, Values and Political Orientations in Latin America

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dc.contributor.author
Lopez-Calva, Luis F.
en_US
dc.contributor.author
Rigolini, Jamele
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dc.contributor.author
Torche, Florencia
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dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T18:06:03Z
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dc.date.available
2012-03-19T18:06:03Z
en_US
dc.date.issued
2011-11-01
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dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/3641
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dc.description.abstract
Middle class values have long been perceived as drivers of social cohesion and growth. This paper investigates the relation between class (measured by position in the income distribution), values, and political orientations using comparable values surveys for six Latin American countries. The analysis finds that both a continuous measure of income and categorical measures of income-based class are robustly associated with values. Both income and class tend to display a similar association to values and political orientations as education, although differences persist in some important dimensions. Overall, there is no strong evidence of any "middle class particularism": values appear to gradually shift with income, and middle class values are between the ones of poorer and richer classes. If any, the only peculiarity of middle class values is moderation. The analysis also finds changes in values across countries to be of much larger magnitude than the ones dictated by income, education, and individual characteristics, suggesting that individual values vary primarily within bounds dictated by each society.
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dc.language
English
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dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5874
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dc.rights
Creative Commons Attribution CC BY 3.0
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dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/us/
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dc.subject
ALIENATION
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dc.subject
ASSETS
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dc.subject
AVERAGE INCOME
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dc.subject
CIVIC ENGAGEMENT
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dc.subject
COUNTRY DUMMIES
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dc.subject
COUNTRY EFFECTS
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dc.subject
DATA SET
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dc.subject
DATA SETS
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dc.subject
DECISION MAKING
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dc.subject
DEMOCRACY
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dc.subject
DEMOCRATIC DEVELOPMENT
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dc.subject
DEMOCRATIC INSTITUTIONS
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dc.subject
DEPENDENT VARIABLE
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dc.subject
DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS
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dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
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dc.subject
DIFFERENCES IN INCOME
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dc.subject
DRIVERS
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC INEQUALITY
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC OUTLOOK
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC RESOURCES
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dc.subject
ECONOMIC STUDIES
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dc.subject
ECONOMICS
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dc.subject
EMPIRICAL MODEL
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dc.subject
EMPIRICAL RESEARCH
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dc.subject
EMPIRICAL STUDIES
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dc.subject
ETHNIC MINORITIES
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dc.subject
ETHNICITY
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dc.subject
EXOGENOUS VARIABLES
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dc.subject
FISCAL POLICY
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dc.subject
FREE MARKETS
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dc.subject
FRIENDS
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dc.subject
GLOBAL ECONOMY
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dc.subject
GROWTH POLICIES
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dc.subject
HETEROSKEDASTICITY
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
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dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SIZE
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dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
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dc.subject
INCOME
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dc.subject
INCOME DISTRIBUTION
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dc.subject
INCOME DISTRIBUTIONS
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dc.subject
INCOME ELASTICITY
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dc.subject
INCOME GROUPS
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dc.subject
INCOME INEQUALITY
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dc.subject
INCOME LEVELS
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dc.subject
INCOME MEASURES
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dc.subject
INCOMES
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dc.subject
INEQUALITY
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dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
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dc.subject
LABOUR
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dc.subject
LABOUR SUPPLY
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dc.subject
LOG INCOME
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dc.subject
LOWER CLASS
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dc.subject
M1
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M2
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dc.subject
M3
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dc.subject
MARKET ECONOMY
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dc.subject
MEASUREMENT ERROR
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dc.subject
MEASUREMENT ERRORS
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dc.subject
MIDDLE CLASS
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dc.subject
MIDDLE CLASSES
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NATIONAL ECONOMY
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dc.subject
NEGATIVE CORRELATION
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dc.subject
OCCUPATIONAL CHOICE
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dc.subject
OCCUPATIONS
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dc.subject
PARENTS
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dc.subject
PER CAPITA INCOME
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dc.subject
PER CAPITA INCOME LEVEL
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dc.subject
PERMANENT INCOME
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dc.subject
POLICY DISCUSSIONS
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dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
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dc.subject
POLITICAL ECONOMY
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dc.subject
POLITICAL INSTITUTIONS
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dc.subject
POLITICAL SCIENCE
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dc.subject
POLITICAL STABILITY
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POLITICAL SYSTEM
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dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION
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dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICES
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dc.subject
REDISTRIBUTIVE POLICIES
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dc.subject
REGRESSION RESULTS
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dc.subject
RELATIVE INCOME
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dc.subject
RELATIVE POSITION
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SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES
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dc.subject
SOCIAL CAPITAL
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dc.subject
SOCIAL CHANGE
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SOCIAL CLASS
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dc.subject
SOCIAL CLASSES
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dc.subject
SOCIAL COHESION
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dc.subject
SOCIAL NORMS
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dc.subject
SOCIAL RELATIONS
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dc.subject
SOCIAL STRUCTURE
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dc.subject
SOCIETY
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dc.subject
SOCIOLOGY
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dc.subject
TAXATION
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dc.subject
UPPER CLASS
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dc.subject
UPPER CLASSES
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dc.subject
VULNERABILITY
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dc.subject
WEALTH
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dc.title
Is There Such Thing As Middle Class Values? Class Differences, Values and Political Orientations in Latin America
en_US
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20111108082238
en_US
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
15456654
en_US
okr.volume
1 of 1
en_US
okr.date.disclosure
2011-11-01
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okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
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okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Inequality
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okr.topic
Education :: Access & Equity in Basic Education
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okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
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okr.identifier.report
WPS5874
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okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-5874
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okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
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okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
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dc.rights.holder
World Bank
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okr.globalpractice
Education
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okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
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okr.globalpractice
Poverty
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okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
en_US
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes

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