Report

Sustainable Lowland Agriculture Development in Indonesia

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collection.link.132
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/5997
collection.link.91
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2199
collection.name.132
Bahasa PDFs Available
collection.name.91
Other Agriculture Study
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2021-09-01T21:23:57Z
dc.date.available
2021-09-01T21:23:57Z
dc.date.issued
2021-02-01
dc.date.lastModified
2021-09-02T05:10:41Z
dc.description.abstract
For Indonesia's agricultural sector to continue to make a significant sustainable social and economic contribution, it will need to undergo a transformation. While the contribution of Indonesia's agriculture sector to national gross domestic product (13 percent) has declined greatly over the past three decades, it is still significant, ranking in third place in 2019 after the oil and gas processing sector (20 percent) and the non-oil and gas processing sector (18 percent). To ensure continued contribution of this sector, the Indonesian government has implemented a number of strategies and measures, including REDD+,1 low carbon development, Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) action plans, and green growth strategies. However, despite these efforts, performance in terms of environmental sustainability indicators and contributions to smallholders' livelihoods, particularly in lowland areas, is still suboptimal. Indonesia's lowland areas, in particular, have significant potential to contribute to increased agricultural production, especially in the case of rice, but also for a range of other food and non-food commodities. Indonesia's lowlands cover about 20 percent of Indonesia's total area of which about half are peatlands. Most of this area is found on Indonesia's three largest islands (Sumatra, Kalimantan, and Papua) amounting to 33.7 million hectares, or about 25 percent of the total land area of these islands (World Bank 2018). Indonesia has the largest area of tropical peatlands of any nation, of which more than 90 percent are distributed in the lowland areas of these three islands. However, lowlands are also of great importance for biodiversity, including mangroves, peat swamp forest and freshwater swamp forest with their specific flora and fauna. Despite the significance of lowland agriculture for the achievement of higher levels of national economic growth and environmental sustainability and for improving rural livelihoods in Indonesia, lowland agriculture must overcome several challenges if it is to realize its full potential.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/undefined/696741630473277028/Sustainable-Lowland-Agriculture-Development-in-Indonesia
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/36223
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
LOWLAND ECOSYSTEM
dc.subject
FARMING SYSTEM
dc.subject
FOREST MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
dc.subject
AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
OIL PALM
dc.subject
PEATLAND
dc.subject
TIMBER PLANTATION
dc.subject
AGROFORESTRY
dc.title
Sustainable Lowland Agriculture Development in Indonesia
en
dc.type
Report
en
okr.date.disclosure
2021-09-01
okr.date.lastmodified
2021-08-31T00:00:00Z
en
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/undefined/696741630473277028/Sustainable-Lowland-Agriculture-Development-in-Indonesia
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.guid
696741630473277028
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b08892b397_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
33379173
okr.identifier.report
150345
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/696741630473277028/pdf/Sustainable-Lowland-Agriculture-Development-in-Indonesia.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
East Asia and Pacific
okr.region.country
Indonesia
okr.sector
Agriculture, Fishing and Forestry
okr.theme
Environment and natural resource management
okr.topic
Agriculture :: Agricultural Sector Economics
okr.topic
Agriculture :: Crops & Crop Management Systems
okr.topic
Agriculture :: Forestry Management
okr.topic
Environment :: Ecosystems and Natural Habitats
okr.topic
Environment :: Forests and Forestry
okr.topic
Environment :: Sustainable Land Management
okr.unit
Agriculture and Food PG EAP (SEAAG)

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