Brief

COVID-19 and Inequality : How Unequal Was the Recovery from the Initial Shock?

Show simple item record

collection.link.157
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9388
collection.name.157
Miscellaneous Knowledge Notes
dc.contributor.author
Agrawal, Sarthak
dc.contributor.author
Cojocaru, Alexandru
dc.contributor.author
Montalva, Veronica
dc.contributor.author
Narayan, Ambar
dc.contributor.author
Bundervoet, Tom
dc.contributor.author
Ten, Andrey
dc.date.accessioned
2021-06-29T19:17:31Z
dc.date.available
2021-06-29T19:17:31Z
dc.date.issued
2021-06
dc.date.lastModified
2021-06-30T05:10:52Z
dc.description.abstract
The restrictions on mobility and economic activity that were put in place to mitigate the health impacts of the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic have had an unequal impact both across and within countries, with vulnerable populations within developing countries being affected disproportionately. An important concern is that the recovery may be similarly inequitable. Across the 17 developing countries in our sample, where policies became more conducive to mobility and economic activity, we indeed observe a partial recovery of employment and incomes in most countries, as well as improvements in food security. Although job recovery and lower policy stringency were accompanied by an overall fall in the share of the food-insecure population from 13 percent to 9 percent, those living in rural areas witnessed slower declines in food insecurity. However, the recovery was not only incomplete, but also uneven within countries. In particular, the recovery in employment among those who suffered larger initial shocks - - women, non-college-educated, and urban workers - - was not sufficient to significantly reduce the initial disparities in losses. By August-September, female employment had only recovered 30 percent of what was lost between pre-pandemic and May-June (versus 49 percent for men). Finally, more recent data for a smaller number of countries up to January 2021 indicates that while food security continued improving in these countries, recovery in employment appears to have stalled, while the disparities by gender and education persisted.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/700711624541133306/COVID-19-and-Inequality-How-Unequal-Was-the-Recovery-from-the-Initial-Shock
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/35867
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
FOOD SECURITY
dc.subject
INEQUALITY
dc.subject
POVERTY
dc.subject
CORONAVIRUS
dc.subject
COVID-19
dc.subject
PANDEMIC IMPACT
dc.subject
JOB LOSS
dc.subject
SELF-EMPLOYMENT
dc.title
COVID-19 and Inequality
en
dc.title.subtitle
How Unequal Was the Recovery from the Initial Shock?
en
dc.type
Brief
en
okr.date.disclosure
2021-06-24
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Brief
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/700711624541133306/COVID-19-and-Inequality-How-Unequal-Was-the-Recovery-from-the-Initial-Shock
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.guid
700711624541133306
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b088747e82_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
33209052
okr.identifier.report
160978
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/700711624541133306/pdf/COVID-19-and-Inequality-How-Unequal-Was-the-Recovery-from-the-Initial-Shock.pdf
en
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Disease Control & Prevention
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Employment and Shared Growth
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Inequality
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Poverty and Health
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Employment and Unemployment
okr.unit
Poverty and Equity Global Practice

Show simple item record



This item appears in the following Collection(s)