Report

Pancakes to Pyramids : City Form to Promote Sustainable Growth

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collection.link.79
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2187
collection.name.79
City Development Strategy
dc.contributor.author
Lall, Somik
dc.contributor.author
Lebrand, Mathilde
dc.contributor.author
Park, Hogeun
dc.contributor.author
Sturm, Daniel
dc.contributor.author
Venables, Anthony
dc.date.accessioned
2021-06-07T19:26:27Z
dc.date.available
2021-06-07T19:26:27Z
dc.date.issued
2021-05-31
dc.date.lastModified
2021-06-08T05:10:41Z
dc.description.abstract
Towns and cities are economic and social microcosms in which large numbers of people and firms interact. These interactions largely shape how a city looks, how it functions, and how it grows. But how exactly does this many-sided relationship work? What are the specific drivers of urban economic and spatial development? Pancakes to Pyramids brings us closer to answering these questions, beginning with an idealized contrast between two patterns of urban spatial growth. Pancakes are cities that grow outward and remain relatively low-built. Pyramids are cities that grow partly outward, but also partly inward and upward, filling vacant parcels and adding height to central districts to increase economic and residential densities. Both types of density can help cities overcome the challenges that come with population growth, and most urgently, evolving from a pancake into a pyramid, creating a platform with more options for controlling greenhouse gas emissions. This report draws on new evidence, econometric analysis, and predictive modeling to relate the economic growth of cities to their past spatial evolution, and to the possibility and conditions for future pyramidal growth.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/554671622446381555/City-Form-to-Promote-Sustainable-Growth
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/35684
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
CITY DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY
dc.subject
URBAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
URBAN ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
URBAN LAND MARKET
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSPORT
dc.subject
URBAN HOUSING
dc.subject
URBAN PLANNING
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DENSITY
dc.subject
URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
POPULATION DENSITY
dc.subject
SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.title
Pancakes to Pyramids
en
dc.title.subtitle
City Form to Promote Sustainable Growth
en
dc.type
Report
en
okr.date.disclosure
2021-05-31
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: City Development Strategy
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/554671622446381555/City-Form-to-Promote-Sustainable-Growth
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.guid
554671622446381555
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b08864281f_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
33122617
okr.identifier.report
159710
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/554671622446381555/pdf/City-Form-to-Promote-Sustainable-Growth.pdf
en
okr.topic
Urban Development :: City Development Strategies
okr.topic
Urban Development :: National Urban Development Policies & Strategies
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Transport in Urban Areas
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Urban Economic Development
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Urban Governance and Management
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Urban Housing
okr.unit
Urban GP (SURGP)

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