Publication: The Distributional Impacts of Trade: Empirical Innovations, Analytical Tools, and Policy Responses

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Engel, Jakob
Kokas, Deeksha
Maliszewska, Maryla
Trade is a well-established driver of growth and poverty reduction. But changes in trade policy also have distributional impacts that create winners and losers. It is vital to understand and clearly communicate how trade affects economic well-being across all segments of the population, as well as how policies can more effectively ensure that the gains from trade are distributed more widely. The Distributional Impacts of Trade: Empirical Innovations, Analytical Tools, and Policy Responses provides a deeper understanding of the distributional effects of trade across regions, industries, and demographic groups within countries over time. It includes an overview (chapter 1); a review of innovations in empirical and theoretical work covering the impacts of trade at the subnational level (chapter 2); highlights from empirical case studies on Bangladesh, Brazil, Mexico, South Africa, and Sri Lanka (chapter 3); and a policy agenda to improve distributional outcomes from trade (chapter 4). This book comes at a time when the shock from COVID-19 (coronavirus) adds to an already uncertain trade policy environment in which the value of the multilateral trading system has been under increased scrutiny. A better understanding of how trade affects distributional outcomes can lead to more inclusive policies and support the ability of countries to maximize broad-based benefits from trade.
Engel, Jakob; Kokas, Deeksha; Lopez-Acevedo, Gladys; Maliszewska, Maryla. 2021. The Distributional Impacts of Trade : Empirical Innovations, Analytical Tools, and Policy Responses. Trade and Development;. © Washington, DC: World Bank. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
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