Working Paper

The Effectiveness of Environmental Provisions in Regional Trade Agreements

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Abman, Ryan
dc.contributor.author
Lundberg, Clark
dc.contributor.author
Ruta, Michele
dc.date.accessioned
2021-04-02T13:48:49Z
dc.date.available
2021-04-02T13:48:49Z
dc.date.issued
2021-03
dc.date.lastModified
2022-11-26T06:08:18Z
dc.description.abstract
Trade liberalization can spur environmental degradation. Concerns over these adverse impacts have led to a debate over the need for environmental provisions in regional trade agreements (RTAs), however the effectiveness of such provisions is unknown. This paper provides new causal evidence that environmental provisions are effective in limiting deforestation following the entry into force of RTAs. It exploits high-resolution, satellite-derived estimates of deforestation and identify the content of RTAs using a new dataset with detailed information on individual provisions. Accounting for the potential endogeneity of environmental provisions in RTAs, the paper finds that the inclusion of specific provisions aimed at protecting forests and/or biodiversity entirely offsets the net increases in forest loss observed in similar RTAs without such provisions. The inclusion of these provisions limits agricultural land expansion, but does not completely offset increases in total agricultural production. The effects are concentrated in tropical, developing countries with greater biodiversity.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/980421616686312761/The-Effectiveness-of-Environmental-Provisions-in-Regional-Trade-Agreements
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/35354
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 9601
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
DEFORESTATION
dc.subject
REGIONAL TRADE AGREEMENT
dc.subject
TRADE LIBERALIZATION
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.title
The Effectiveness of Environmental Provisions in Regional Trade Agreements
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2021-03-25
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/980421616686312761/The-Effectiveness-of-Environmental-Provisions-in-Regional-Trade-Agreements
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-9601
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b08842750d_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
32946096
okr.identifier.report
WPS9601
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/980421616686312761/pdf/The-Effectiveness-of-Environmental-Provisions-in-Regional-Trade-Agreements.pdf
en
okr.statistics.combined
1854
okr.statistics.dr
980421616686312761
okr.topic
Environment :: Environmental Disasters & Degradation
okr.topic
Environment :: Environmental Economics & Policies
okr.topic
Environment :: Environmental Protection
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: International Trade and Trade Rules
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Trade Policy
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Trade and Environment
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Trade and Regional Integration
okr.unit
Development Research Group, Development Economics; and the Macroeconomics, Trade and Investment Global Practice

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