Working Paper

COVID-19, Poverty, and Social Safety Net Response in Zambia

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Paul, Boban Varghese
dc.contributor.author
Finn, Arden
dc.contributor.author
Chaudhary, Sarang
dc.contributor.author
Mayer Gukovas, Renata
dc.contributor.author
Sundaram, Ramya
dc.date.accessioned
2021-03-11T14:53:30Z
dc.date.available
2021-03-11T14:53:30Z
dc.date.issued
2021-03
dc.date.lastModified
2022-08-09T00:09:05Z
dc.description.abstract
What has the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic been on poverty in Zambia, and how can social protection programs mitigate these effects? This paper estimates the pre-pandemic poverty level in Zambia and then simulates the distributional impact of COVID-19 in the country. The paper also estimates the impact of a social cash transfer program that led the COVID response, on poverty levels. In the absence of recent nationally representative household survey data, this is done by updating the consumption distribution in the 2015 Living Conditions Monitoring Survey using annual real per capita gross domestic product growth rates for specific sectors. The study shows that the national poverty headcount rate increased from 54.4 percent in 2015 to 55.8 percent in 2019, and this change was driven entirely by rural areas. By contrast, the economic impact of COVID-19 has disproportionately impacted urban areas and exacerbated the already high poverty levels, with the poverty headcount increasing to 57.6 percent in 2020. Expanding and enhancing cash transfers have been a key policy lever that many countries have used to mitigate the negative economic consequences of the pandemic. Simulations in Zambia suggest that a fully operational social cash transfer program with the current and proposed enhanced transfer amounts has the potential to reduce poverty significantly – by four and six percentage points, respectively. Beyond this specific analysis, the paper makes a case for the innovative use of existing data to inform adaptive or shock responsive social protection, even in largely data poor environments.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/858911615226832335/COVID-19-Poverty-and-Social-Safety-Net-Response-in-Zambia
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/35249
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 9571
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
CORONAVIRUS
dc.subject
COVID-19
dc.subject
PANDEMIC IMPACT
dc.subject
POVERTY
dc.subject
SOCIAL SAFETY NET
dc.subject
SOCIAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
SHOCK RESPONSIVENESS
dc.title
COVID-19, Poverty, and Social Safety Net Response in Zambia
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2021-03-08
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/858911615226832335/COVID-19-Poverty-and-Social-Safety-Net-Response-in-Zambia
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-9571
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b08838006a_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
32891736
okr.identifier.report
WPS9571
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/858911615226832335/pdf/COVID-19-Poverty-and-Social-Safety-Net-Response-in-Zambia.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.administrative
Africa Eastern and Southern (AFE)
okr.region.country
Zambia
okr.statistics.combined
1981
okr.statistics.dr
858911615226832335
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Access of Poor to Social Services
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Inequality
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Services & Transfers to Poor
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Disability
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Social Protections & Assistance
okr.unit
Social Protection and Jobs Global Practice

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