Working Paper

Policy Choices Can Help Keep 4G and 5G Universal Broadband Affordable

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Oughton, Edward J.
dc.contributor.author
Comini, Niccolo
dc.contributor.author
Foster, Vivien
dc.contributor.author
Hall, Jim W.
dc.date.accessioned
2021-03-04T14:51:13Z
dc.date.available
2021-03-04T14:51:13Z
dc.date.issued
2021-03
dc.date.lastModified
2021-12-01T12:09:13Z
dc.description.abstract
The United Nations Broadband Commission has committed the international community to accelerate universal broadband, but the cost of meeting these objectives in the context of rapid technological change are not well understood. Using scenario analysis, this paper compares the global cost-effectiveness of different infrastructure strategies for the developing world to achieve universal 4G or 5G mobile broadband. Utilizing remote sensing and demand forecasting, least-cost network designs are developed for eight representative low- and middle-income countries (Malawi, Uganda, Kenya, Senegal, Pakistan, Albania, Peru, and Mexico), which provide the basis for aggregation to the global level. The cost of meeting UN Broadband Commission targets across the developing world is estimated at $1.6-1.7 trillion over the next decade, approximately 0.5-0.6% of annual gross domestic product for the developing world over the next decade. However, by creating a favorable regulatory environment, governments can bring down these costs by as much as three-quarters – to US$0.5 trillion (around 0.15 percent of annual gross domestic product) – and largely avoid the need for public subsidies. While 4G technology remains somewhat more cost-effective at the global scale, 5G NSA can sometimes prove less costly at the national level, particularly for countries with relatively low existing coverage of 4G technologies, and a tendency to be capacity-constrained in terms of demand. Providing that governments make judicious choices, adopting fiscal and regulatory regimes that are conducive to lowering costs, universal broadband may be within reach of most developing countries over the next decade.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/658521614715617195/Policy-Choices-Can-Help-Keep-4G-and-5G-Universal-Broadband-Affordable
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/35212
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 9563
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
TELECOMMUNICATIONS
dc.subject
BROADBAND
dc.subject
UNIVERSAL BROADBAND
dc.subject
DIGITAL DIVIDE
dc.subject
5G TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
TELECOMMUNICATIONS POLICY
dc.title
Policy Choices Can Help Keep 4G and 5G Universal Broadband Affordable
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2021-03-02
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/658521614715617195/Policy-Choices-Can-Help-Keep-4G-and-5G-Universal-Broadband-Affordable
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-9563
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b08834e03b_2_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
32876032
okr.identifier.report
WPS9563
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/658521614715617195/pdf/Policy-Choices-Can-Help-Keep-4G-and-5G-Universal-Broadband-Affordable.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.administrative
Africa Eastern and Southern (AFE)
okr.region.administrative
Africa Western and Central (AFW)
okr.region.administrative
Europe and Central Asia
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.administrative
South Asia
okr.statistics.combined
1525
okr.statistics.dr
658521614715617195
okr.topic
Information and Communication Technologies :: Digital Divide
okr.topic
Information and Communication Technologies :: ICT Policy and Strategies
okr.topic
Information and Communication Technologies :: Information Technology
okr.topic
Information and Communication Technologies :: Telecommunications Infrastructure
okr.unit
Infrastructure Vice-Presidency, Office of the Chief Economist

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