Working Paper

Happy but Unequal : Differences in Subjective Well-Being across Individuals and Space in Colombia

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Burger, Martijn
dc.contributor.author
Hendriks, Martijn
dc.contributor.author
Ianchovichina, Elena
dc.date.accessioned
2021-02-25T15:11:36Z
dc.date.available
2021-02-25T15:11:36Z
dc.date.issued
2021-02
dc.date.lastModified
2021-10-16T00:10:05Z
dc.description.abstract
Despite being on average a relatively happy country, Colombia has a high level of inequality in subjective well-being. Using Gallup World Poll data for the period from 2010 to 2018, this paper tests the direction and strength of association of a range of objective and subjective factors with subjective well-being and explains differences in subjective well-being across individuals and space. The perceived welfare of the average Colombian is mainly influenced by conditions and expectations related to economic opportunities and education. However, quantile regressions, reveal substantial differences in the domains that matter to those at the bottom and top of the experienced welfare distribution. Standard-of-living improvements, housing affordability, and civic engagement matter more to the most fortunate top 20 percent, while having education, a job, sufficient income, economic security, and digital connectivity are much more strongly associated with the well-being of the bottom 20 percent. The life domains that matter more to the unhappiest respondents also explain the majority of the spatial differences in perceived welfare between residents in urban and rural areas as well as core and peripheral regions. Policy actions aimed at closing the gaps in these areas have the potential to increase well-being and reduce inequality in Colombia.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/280931614198064402/Happy-but-Unequal-Differences-in-Subjective-Well-Being-across-Individuals-and-Space-in-Colombia
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/35184
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 9554
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING
dc.subject
LIFE SATISFACTION
dc.subject
HAPPINESS
dc.subject
PERCEIVED WELFARE
dc.subject
INCOME INEQUALITY
dc.subject
SPATIAL INEQUALITY
dc.subject
SPATIAL ECONOMICS
dc.subject
CIVIC ENGAGEMENT
dc.subject
HOUSING AFFORDABILITY
dc.subject
DIGITAL CONNECTIVITY
dc.title
Happy but Unequal
en
dc.title.subtitle
Differences in Subjective Well-Being across Individuals and Space in Colombia
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2021-02-24
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/280931614198064402/Happy-but-Unequal-Differences-in-Subjective-Well-Being-across-Individuals-and-Space-in-Colombia
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-9554
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b08831a2f3_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
32859896
okr.identifier.report
WPS9554
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/280931614198064402/pdf/Happy-but-Unequal-Differences-in-Subjective-Well-Being-across-Individuals-and-Space-in-Colombia.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.country
Colombia
okr.statistics.combined
457
okr.statistics.dr
280931614198064402
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Inequality
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Living Standards
okr.topic
Social Development :: Psychology
okr.unit
Office of the Chief Economist, Latin America and the Caribbean Region

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