Working Paper

The Impact of Flooding on Urban Transit and Accessibility : A Case Study of Kinshasa

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
He, Yiyi
dc.contributor.author
Thies, Stephan
dc.contributor.author
Avner, Paolo
dc.contributor.author
Rentschler, Jun
dc.date.accessioned
2021-01-07T15:53:10Z
dc.date.available
2021-01-07T15:53:10Z
dc.date.issued
2020-12
dc.date.lastModified
2022-07-06T12:09:33Z
dc.description.abstract
Transportation networks underpin socioeconomic development by enabling the movement of goods and people. However, little is known about how flooding disrupts transportation systems in urban areas in developing country cities, despite these natural disasters occurring frequently. This study documents the channels through which regular flooding in Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of Congo, impacts transport services, commuters' ability to reach their jobs, and the associated economic opportunity costs from travel delays. This assessment is based on transit feed specification data sets collected specifically for this analysis under normal and flooded conditions. These data sets were combined with travel survey data containing travelers' socioeconomic attributes and trip parameters, as well as a high-resolution flood maps. The results show that (1) flood disruptions cause increases in public transit headways and transit re-routing, decreases in travel speeds, and thus travel time delays, which translate into substantial economic costs to local commuters; (2) accessibility to jobs decreases under flooded conditions, hindering the establishment of an integrated citywide labor market; (3) there are spatial clusters where some of the poorest commuters experience among the highest travel delays, highlighting socio-spatial equity aspects of floods; (4) certain road segments are critical for the transport network and should be prioritized for resilience measures; and (5) the estimated daily cost of flood disruption to commuters’ trips in Kinshasa is $1,166,000. The findings of this assessment provide disaster mitigation guidance to the Office des Voiries et Drainage under the Ministry of Infrastructure, as well as strategic investment recommendations to the Ministry of Housing and Planning.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/807121608236985691/The-Impact-of-Flooding-on-Urban-Transit-and-Accessibility-A-Case-Study-of-Kinshasa
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/34981
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 9504
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
FLOODS
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSIT
dc.subject
MULTI-MODAL NETWORK
dc.subject
TRAVEL DISRUPTION
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE RESILIENCE
dc.subject
GTFS
dc.title
The Impact of Flooding on Urban Transit and Accessibility
en
dc.title.subtitle
A Case Study of Kinshasa
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2020-12-17
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/807121608236985691/The-Impact-of-Flooding-on-Urban-Transit-and-Accessibility-A-Case-Study-of-Kinshasa
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-9504
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b0880f9156_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
32683033
okr.identifier.report
WPS9504
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/807121608236985691/pdf/The-Impact-of-Flooding-on-Urban-Transit-and-Accessibility-A-Case-Study-of-Kinshasa.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.administrative
Africa Eastern and Southern (AFE)
okr.region.country
Congo, Democratic Republic of
okr.statistics.combined
1393
okr.statistics.dr
807121608236985691
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Hazard Risk Management
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Transport in Urban Areas
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Urban Economic Development
okr.topic
Water Resources :: Flood Control
okr.unit
Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery

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