Eight Questions about Brain Drain

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Gibson, John
dc.contributor.author
McKenzie, David
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T18:02:21Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T18:02:21Z
dc.date.issued
2011-05-01
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:02:09Z
dc.description.abstract
High-skilled emigration is an emotive issue that in popular discourse is often referred to as brain drain, conjuring images of extremely negative impacts on developing countries. Recent discussions of brain gain, diaspora effects, and other advantages of migration have been used to argue against this, but much of the discussion has been absent of evidence. This paper builds upon a new wave of empirical research to answer eight key questions underlying much of the brain drain debate: 1) What is brain drain? 2) Why should economists care about it? 3) Is brain drain increasing? 4) Is there a positive relationship between skilled and unskilled migration? 5) What makes brain drain more likely? 6) Does brain gain exist? 7) Do high-skilled workers remit, invest, and share knowledge back home? and 8) What do we know about the fiscal and production externalities of brain drain?
en
dc.identifier
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000158349_20110524155759
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/3431
dc.language
English
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5668
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ADVANCED DEGREES
dc.subject
AGED
dc.subject
ANNUAL REMITTANCES
dc.subject
BRAIN DRAIN
dc.subject
BRAIN GAIN
dc.subject
BRAIN WASTE
dc.subject
CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject
CAPITAL FLOWS
dc.subject
CAREER
dc.subject
CAREERS
dc.subject
CENSUS DATA
dc.subject
CHILD MORTALITY
dc.subject
CHILD MORTALITY RATES
dc.subject
CITIZEN
dc.subject
CIVIC PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
COUNTRY PAIR
dc.subject
DEFERRED COST RECOVERY
dc.subject
DEGREES
dc.subject
DEMOCRACY
dc.subject
DESTINATION COUNTRY
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT POLICY
dc.subject
DIASPORA
dc.subject
EARNINGS OF IMMIGRANTS
dc.subject
EDUCATED MIGRANTS
dc.subject
EDUCATION SYSTEMS
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS
dc.subject
EFFECTS ON DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
EMIGRATION
dc.subject
EMIGRATION LEVELS
dc.subject
ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
EXCHANGE RATE
dc.subject
EXCHANGE RATES
dc.subject
FAMILIES
dc.subject
FAMILY REUNIFICATION
dc.subject
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
dc.subject
FOREIGN LANGUAGES
dc.subject
FOREIGN STUDENTS
dc.subject
FOREIGN WORKERS
dc.subject
FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT
dc.subject
FURTHER EDUCATION
dc.subject
FUTURE RESEARCH
dc.subject
GLOBAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
GLOBAL HEALTH
dc.subject
GLOBAL POPULATION
dc.subject
GLOBAL REMITTANCE
dc.subject
GRADUATE EDUCATION
dc.subject
GROSS NATIONAL INCOME
dc.subject
HEALTH EFFECTS
dc.subject
HEALTH OUTCOMES
dc.subject
HEALTH WORKERS
dc.subject
HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATES
dc.subject
HIGH SKILLED MIGRATION
dc.subject
HIGHER EDUCATION
dc.subject
HIGHER INCOMES
dc.subject
HIGHLY SKILLED EMIGRANTS
dc.subject
HIGHLY SKILLED INDIVIDUALS
dc.subject
HIV
dc.subject
HOME COUNTRIES
dc.subject
HOME COUNTRY
dc.subject
HOST SOCIETY
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL FORMATION
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCES
dc.subject
HUMAN RIGHTS
dc.subject
ILLEGAL MIGRANTS
dc.subject
IMMIGRANT
dc.subject
IMMIGRANTS
dc.subject
IMMIGRATION
dc.subject
IMMIGRATION POLICIES
dc.subject
INCOME TAX
dc.subject
INFANT
dc.subject
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
INTERNAL BRAIN DRAIN
dc.subject
INTERNAL MIGRATION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
JOB OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LARGE POPULATION
dc.subject
LEVEL OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
LIQUIDITY
dc.subject
LIQUIDITY CONSTRAINTS
dc.subject
LITERATURE
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
MACROECONOMIC LEVEL
dc.subject
MASTERS DEGREES
dc.subject
MEDICAL PROFESSIONALS
dc.subject
MEDICAL SCHOOL
dc.subject
MIGRANT
dc.subject
MIGRANT NETWORKS
dc.subject
MIGRANT STOCK
dc.subject
MIGRANT-SENDING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
MIGRANTS
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
MIGRATION COSTS
dc.subject
MIGRATION DATA
dc.subject
MIGRATION DECISIONS
dc.subject
MIGRATION FLOWS
dc.subject
MIGRATION POLICY
dc.subject
MINORITY
dc.subject
NATIONALS
dc.subject
NORTH MIGRATION
dc.subject
NURSE
dc.subject
NURSES
dc.subject
NURSING
dc.subject
OPEN ACCESS
dc.subject
PANDEMIC
dc.subject
PAPERS
dc.subject
PATIENTS
dc.subject
PHYSICIANS
dc.subject
POLICY CONCERN
dc.subject
POLICY DISCUSSIONS
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
dc.subject
POLITICAL INSTABILITY
dc.subject
POPULATION CENSUSES
dc.subject
POPULATION SIZE
dc.subject
PRESS RELEASE
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
PRIVATE EDUCATION
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
PROFESSIONAL EMIGRATION
dc.subject
PROFESSORS
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
QUALITY EDUCATION
dc.subject
RECIPIENT COUNTRY
dc.subject
REMITTANCE
dc.subject
REMITTANCE DATA
dc.subject
REMITTANCES
dc.subject
RETURN MIGRATION
dc.subject
ROLE OF MIGRATION
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
SCIENTIST
dc.subject
SCIENTISTS
dc.subject
SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOLING
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
SELECTIVE IMMIGRATION
dc.subject
SEND REMITTANCES
dc.subject
SKILL COMPOSITION
dc.subject
SKILL LEVEL
dc.subject
SKILL LEVELS
dc.subject
SKILLED EMIGRANTS
dc.subject
SKILLED LABOR
dc.subject
SKILLED LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
SKILLED MIGRANTS
dc.subject
SKILLED OCCUPATIONS
dc.subject
SKILLED PROFESSIONALS
dc.subject
SKILLED WORKER
dc.subject
SKILLED WORKERS
dc.subject
SOCIAL SCIENTISTS
dc.subject
SOCIAL WELFARE
dc.subject
SPOUSES
dc.subject
STUDENT LOAN
dc.subject
STUDENT LOAN PAYMENTS
dc.subject
STUDENT LOAN PROGRAMS
dc.subject
SUPPLY ELASTICITY
dc.subject
TEACHER
dc.subject
TEACHERS
dc.subject
TERTIARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
TOLERANCE
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
UNIVERSITY DEGREE
dc.subject
UNIVERSITY GRADUATES
dc.subject
UNIVERSITY TRAINING
dc.subject
UNSKILLED LABOR
dc.subject
UNSKILLED MIGRATION
dc.subject
UNSKILLED WORKERS
dc.subject
USE OF REMITTANCES
dc.subject
VACCINATION
dc.subject
VIOLENCE
dc.subject
WORKER MIGRATION
dc.subject
WORKFORCE
dc.subject
WORKING MIGRANTS
dc.subject
WORLD POPULATION
dc.subject
WORLD POPULATION GROWTH
dc.title
Eight Questions about Brain Drain
en
okr.date.disclosure
2011-05-01
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000158349_20110524155759
okr.globalpractice
Education
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-5668
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20110524155759
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
14242689
okr.identifier.report
WPS5668
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2011/05/24/000158349_20110524155759/Rendered/PDF/WPS5668.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
The World Region
okr.region.administrative
The World Region
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Tertiary Education
okr.topic
Education
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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