Working Paper

Shoring Up Economic Refugees : Venezuelan Migrants in the Ecuadoran Labor Market

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Olivieri, Sergio
dc.contributor.author
Ortega, Francesc
dc.contributor.author
Rivadeneira, Ana
dc.contributor.author
Carranza, Eliana
dc.date.accessioned
2020-07-30T14:33:58Z
dc.date.available
2020-07-30T14:33:58Z
dc.date.issued
2020-07
dc.date.lastModified
2022-05-23T00:10:08Z
dc.description.abstract
Ecuador became the third largest receiver of the 4.3 million Venezuelans who left their country in the last five years, hosting around 10 percent of them. Little is known about the characteristics of these migrants and their labor market outcomes. This paper fills this gap by analyzing a new large survey (EPEC). On average, Venezuelan workers are highly skilled and have high rates of employment, compared with Ecuadorans. However, their employment is of much lower quality, characterized by low wages and high rates of informality and temporality. Venezuelans have experienced significant occupational downgrading, relative to their employment prior to emigration. As a result, despite their high educational attainment, Venezuelans primarily compete for jobs with the least skilled and more economically vulnerable Ecuadoran workers. Our simulations suggest that measures that allow Venezuelans to obtain employment that matches their skills, such as facilitating the conversion of education credentials, would increase Ecuador's GDP between 1.6 and 1.9 percent and alleviate the pressure on disadvantaged native workers. We also show that providing work permits to Venezuelan workers would substantially reduce their rates of informality and increase their average earnings.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/354821595510754331/Shoring-Up-Economic-Refugees-Venezuelan-Migrants-in-the-Ecuadoran-Labor-Market
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/34250
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper, No. 9332
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
MIGRANTS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
REFUGEES
dc.subject
LABOR SKILLS
dc.subject
EXODUS
dc.subject
DISPLACED PERSONS
dc.title
Shoring Up Economic Refugees
en
dc.title.subtitle
Venezuelan Migrants in the Ecuadoran Labor Market
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2020-07-23
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/354821595510754331/Shoring-Up-Economic-Refugees-Venezuelan-Migrants-in-the-Ecuadoran-Labor-Market
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/34250
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b087beeb5d_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
32268122
okr.identifier.report
WPS9332
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/354821595510754331/pdf/Shoring-Up-Economic-Refugees-Venezuelan-Migrants-in-the-Ecuadoran-Labor-Market.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.country
Ecuador
okr.region.country
Venezuela, Republica Bolivariana de
okr.statistics.combined
752
okr.statistics.dr
354821595510754331
okr.topic
Communities and Human Settlements :: Human Migrations & Resettlements
okr.topic
Communities and Human Settlements :: Indigenous Communities
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: International Migration
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Migration and Development
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.unit
Poverty and Equity Global Practice

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