Agriculture and the Clean Development Mechanism

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Larson, Donald F.
dc.contributor.author
Dinar, Ariel
dc.contributor.author
Frisbie, J. Aapris
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T18:01:34Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T18:01:34Z
dc.date.issued
2011-04-01
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:02:09Z
dc.description.abstract
Many experts believe that low-cost mitigation opportunities in agriculture are abundant and comparable in scale to those found in the energy sector. They are mostly located in developing countries and have to do with how land is used. By investing in projects under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), countries can tap these opportunities to meet their own Kyoto Protocol obligations. The CDM has been successful in financing some types of agricultural projects, including projects that capture methane or use agricultural by-products as an energy source. But agricultural land-use projects are scarce under the CDM. This represents a missed opportunity to promote sustainable rural development since land-use projects that sequester carbon in soils can help reverse declining soil fertility, a root cause of stagnant agricultural productivity. This paper reviews the process leading to current CDM implementation rules and describes how the rules, in combination with challenging features of land-use projects, raise transaction costs and lower demand for land-use credits. Procedures by which developed countries assess their own mitigation performance are discussed as a way of redressing current constraints on CDM investments. Nevertheless, even with improvements to the CDM, an under-investment in agricultural land-use projects is likely, since there are hurdles to capturing associated ancillary benefits privately. Alternative approaches outside the CDM are discussed, including those that build on recent decisions taken by governments in Copenhagen and Cancun.
en
dc.identifier
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000158349_20110404091922
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/3388
dc.language
English
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5621
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABATEMENT COSTS
dc.subject
ACCOUNTING
dc.subject
AFFORESTATION
dc.subject
AFFORESTATION PROJECTS
dc.subject
AGGREGATE EMISSION
dc.subject
AGGREGATE EMISSIONS
dc.subject
AGGREGATE SUPPLY
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS
dc.subject
AIR
dc.subject
AIR QUALITY
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE ENERGY
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE FUELS
dc.subject
ANIMAL WASTES
dc.subject
ANTHROPOGENIC EMISSIONS
dc.subject
ATMOSPHERE
dc.subject
ATMOSPHERIC CARBON
dc.subject
BASE-YEAR EMISSIONS
dc.subject
BIO-ENERGY
dc.subject
BIOCHEMISTRY
dc.subject
BIOGAS
dc.subject
BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY
dc.subject
BIOMASS
dc.subject
BIOMASS ENERGY
dc.subject
BURNING BIOMASS
dc.subject
CALCULATION
dc.subject
CAPITAL FLOWS
dc.subject
CARBON
dc.subject
CARBON ABATEMENT
dc.subject
CARBON CREDITS
dc.subject
CARBON DIOXIDE
dc.subject
CARBON EMISSION
dc.subject
CARBON EMISSIONS
dc.subject
CARBON IN SOILS
dc.subject
CARBON INVENTORIES
dc.subject
CARBON MARKET
dc.subject
CARBON MARKETS
dc.subject
CARBON MITIGATION
dc.subject
CARBON OFFSETS
dc.subject
CARBON POOLS
dc.subject
CARBON PRICES
dc.subject
CARBON SEQUESTRATION
dc.subject
CARBON STOCKS
dc.subject
CARBON TAX
dc.subject
CARBON TECHNOLOGIES
dc.subject
CARBON UPTAKE
dc.subject
CH4
dc.subject
CHANGES IN LAND USE
dc.subject
CHEMICAL FERTILIZERS
dc.subject
CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM
dc.subject
CLEAN TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
CLIMATE
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
CLIMATE POLICY
dc.subject
CLIMATE RESEARCH
dc.subject
CLIMATIC CHANGE
dc.subject
CO
dc.subject
CO2
dc.subject
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
dc.subject
COMPOST
dc.subject
COMPOSTING
dc.subject
COST OF CAPITAL
dc.subject
CROWDING OUT
dc.subject
DEFORESTATION
dc.subject
DEGRADED LAND
dc.subject
DEGRADED LANDS
dc.subject
DESERTIFICATION
dc.subject
DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DIFFUSION
dc.subject
DOMESTIC EMISSIONS
dc.subject
ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS
dc.subject
ECOLOGY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
dc.subject
ECONOMICS
dc.subject
ECOSYSTEM
dc.subject
EFFECTIVE STRATEGY
dc.subject
ELECTRIC POWER
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY GENERATION
dc.subject
EMERGING MARKETS
dc.subject
EMISSION
dc.subject
EMISSION LIMITS
dc.subject
EMISSION PERMITS
dc.subject
EMISSION REDUCTION
dc.subject
EMISSION REDUCTION UNITS
dc.subject
EMISSION REDUCTIONS
dc.subject
EMISSION TARGETS
dc.subject
EMISSION TRADING
dc.subject
EMISSIONS FROM AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
EMISSIONS FROM DEFORESTATION
dc.subject
ENERGY BUILDINGS
dc.subject
ENERGY EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL INTEGRITY
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL LAW
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
EQUILIBRIUM
dc.subject
FERTILIZERS
dc.subject
FIXED COSTS
dc.subject
FLOODS
dc.subject
FOOD PRODUCTION
dc.subject
FOREST
dc.subject
FOREST CARBON
dc.subject
FOREST DEGRADATION
dc.subject
FOREST FIRES
dc.subject
FOREST INVESTMENT
dc.subject
FOREST MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
FORESTRY
dc.subject
FORESTRY PROJECTS
dc.subject
FORESTS
dc.subject
FOSSIL FUEL
dc.subject
FOSSIL FUELS
dc.subject
FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
FUEL SWITCHING
dc.subject
GASIFICATION
dc.subject
GHG
dc.subject
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT FACILITY
dc.subject
GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL FACILITY
dc.subject
GLOBAL WARMING
dc.subject
GLOBAL WARMING POTENTIAL
dc.subject
GOLD
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS INVENTORIES
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS MITIGATION
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GAS REDUCTION
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GASES
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GASSES
dc.subject
HEATING SYSTEMS
dc.subject
HFCS
dc.subject
HYDROFLUOROCARBONS
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INDIGENOUS PEOPLES
dc.subject
INSURANCE
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL EMISSIONS
dc.subject
INVENTORY
dc.subject
IPCC
dc.subject
LAND DEGRADATION
dc.subject
LAND ECONOMICS
dc.subject
LAND RESOURCES
dc.subject
LAND USE
dc.subject
LAND USE CHANGE
dc.subject
LAND-USE EMISSION
dc.subject
LANDFILL
dc.subject
LANDFILL GAS
dc.subject
LOCAL GOVERNMENT
dc.subject
LOGGING
dc.subject
LOW-CARBON
dc.subject
MANDATES
dc.subject
MANURE
dc.subject
MEMBER STATES
dc.subject
METHANE
dc.subject
METHANE EMISSIONS
dc.subject
MITIGATION POTENTIAL
dc.subject
MULTILATERAL DEVELOPMENT BANKS
dc.subject
N2O
dc.subject
NATURAL ECOSYSTEMS
dc.subject
NATURAL ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
NITROGEN
dc.subject
NITROGEN FERTILIZERS
dc.subject
NITROUS OXIDE
dc.subject
NUTRIENTS
dc.subject
OIL
dc.subject
OIL PALM
dc.subject
ORGANIC CARBON
dc.subject
ORGANIC MATERIAL
dc.subject
ORGANIC MATTER
dc.subject
ORGANIC POLLUTANTS
dc.subject
ORGANIC WASTE
dc.subject
PENALTIES
dc.subject
PERFLUOROCARBONS
dc.subject
PESTICIDES
dc.subject
PFCS
dc.subject
PHOTOSYNTHESIS
dc.subject
POLLUTION
dc.subject
POSITIVE EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
PP
dc.subject
PRODUCTION COSTS
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
PROFITABILITY
dc.subject
PROPERTY RIGHTS
dc.subject
REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT BANKS
dc.subject
RENEWABLE ENERGY
dc.subject
RENEWABLE RESOURCE
dc.subject
RENEWABLE SOURCES
dc.subject
RESOURCE CONSERVATION
dc.subject
RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
RISK MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
SAVINGS
dc.subject
SINK
dc.subject
SOIL CARBON
dc.subject
STREAMS
dc.subject
SUGAR CANE
dc.subject
SULPHUR
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE
dc.subject
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS
dc.subject
THERMAL POWER
dc.subject
TRADABLE PERMITS
dc.subject
TRANSACTION COSTS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT
dc.subject
TROPICAL DEFORESTATION
dc.subject
TROPICAL FOREST
dc.subject
TRUST FUNDS
dc.subject
UNEP
dc.subject
WASTE PRODUCTS
dc.subject
WATER QUALITY
dc.subject
WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject
WELFARE GAINS
dc.subject
WELFARE LOSSES
dc.subject
WILLINGNESS TO PAY
dc.subject
WIND
dc.subject
WIND-ENERGY
dc.title
Agriculture and the Clean Development Mechanism
en
okr.date.disclosure
2011-04-01
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000158349_20110404091922
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-5621
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20110404091922
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
14004622
okr.identifier.report
WPS5621
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2011/04/04/000158349_20110404091922/Rendered/PDF/WPS5621.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
The World Region
okr.region.administrative
The World Region
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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