Working Paper

A Multiple-Arm, Cluster-Randomized Impact Evaluation of the Clean India (Swachh Bharat) Mission Program in Rural Punjab, India

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Andres, Luis
dc.contributor.author
Deb, Saubhik
dc.contributor.author
Joseph, George
dc.contributor.author
Larenas, Maria Isabel
dc.contributor.author
Grabinsky Zabludovsky, Jonathan
dc.date.accessioned
2020-05-21T19:08:49Z
dc.date.available
2020-05-21T19:08:49Z
dc.date.issued
2020-05
dc.date.lastModified
2022-08-18T00:12:36Z
dc.description.abstract
This study reports the findings of a large-scale, multiple-arm, cluster-randomized control study carried out in rural Punjab, India, to assess the impact of a flagship sanitation program of the Government of India. The program, the Clean India Mission for Villages, was implemented between October 2014 and October 2019 and aimed to encourage the construction of toilets, eliminate the practice of open defecation, and improve the awareness and practice of good hygiene across rural India. It utilized a combination of behavioral change campaigns, centered on the community-led total sanitation approach, and financial incentives for eligible households. The study also evaluates the incremental effects of intensive hygiene awareness campaigns in selected schools and follow-up initiatives in selected communities. The study finds that the coverage of “safely managed” toilets among households without toilets increased by 6.8–10.4 percentage points across various intervention arms, compared with a control group. Open defecation was reduced by 7.3–7.8 percentage points. The program also had significant positive impacts on hygiene awareness among adults and children, although the interventions of school campaigns and intensive follow-up were of limited additional impact.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/641551589821357753/A-Multiple-Arm-Cluster-Randomized-Impact-Evaluation-of-the-Clean-India-Swachh-Bharat-Mission-Program-in-Rural-Punjab-India
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/33796
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 9249
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
RANDOMIZED CONTROL TRIALS
dc.subject
SANITATION
dc.subject
OPEN DEFECATION
dc.subject
HYGIENE
dc.subject
TOILETS
dc.subject
AWARENESS CAMPAIGN
dc.title
A Multiple-Arm, Cluster-Randomized Impact Evaluation of the Clean India (Swachh Bharat) Mission Program in Rural Punjab, India
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.crossref.title
A Multiple-Arm, Cluster-Randomized Impact Evaluation of the Clean India (Swachh Bharat) Mission Program in Rural Punjab, India
okr.date.disclosure
2020-05-18
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/641551589821357753/A-Multiple-Arm-Cluster-Randomized-Impact-Evaluation-of-the-Clean-India-Swachh-Bharat-Mission-Program-in-Rural-Punjab-India
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-9249
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b0879448e2_2_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
32045770
okr.identifier.report
WPS9249
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/641551589821357753/pdf/A-Multiple-Arm-Cluster-Randomized-Impact-Evaluation-of-the-Clean-India-Swachh-Bharat-Mission-Program-in-Rural-Punjab-India.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
South Asia
okr.region.country
India
okr.statistics.combined
948
okr.statistics.dr
641551589821357753
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Health and Sanitation
okr.topic
Water Resources :: Water and Human Health
okr.topic
Water Supply and Sanitation :: Hygiene Promotion and Social Marketing
okr.topic
Water Supply and Sanitation :: Sanitation and Sewerage
okr.topic
Water Supply and Sanitation :: Town Water Supply and Sanitation
okr.unit
Water Global Practice

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