Working Paper

Determinants of Social Distancing and Economic Activity during COVID-19 : A Global View

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Maloney, William
dc.contributor.author
Taskin, Temel
dc.date.accessioned
2020-05-14T20:49:38Z
dc.date.available
2020-05-14T20:49:38Z
dc.date.issued
2020-05
dc.date.lastModified
2020-05-15T05:10:43Z
dc.description.abstract
The paper uses Google mobility data to identify the determinants of social distancing during the 2020 COVID-19 outbreak. The findings for the United States indicate that much of the decrease in mobility is voluntary, driven by the number of COVID-19 cases and proxying for greater awareness of risk. Non-pharmaceutical interventions such as closing nonessential businesses, sheltering in place, and school closings are also effective, although with a total contribution dwarfed by the voluntary actions. This suggests that much social distancing will happen regardless of the presence of non-pharmaceutical interventions and that restrictions may often function more like a coordinating device among increasingly predisposed individuals than repressive measures per se. These results are consistent across country income groups, with only the poorest countries showing limited effect of non-pharmaceutical interventions and no voluntary component, consistent with resistance to abandon sources of livelihood. The paper also confirms the direct impact of the voluntary component on economic activity, by showing that the majority of the fall in restaurant reservations in the United States and movie spending in Sweden occurred before the imposition of any non-pharmaceutical interventions. Widespread voluntary de-mobilization implies that releasing constraints may not yield a V-shaped recovery if the reduction in COVID risk is not credible.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/325021589288466494/Determinants-of-Social-Distancing-and-Economic-Activity-during-COVID-19-A-Global-View
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/33754
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 9242
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
COVID-19
dc.subject
CORONAVIRUS
dc.subject
PANDEMIC RESPONSE
dc.subject
SOCIAL DISTANCING
dc.subject
MOBILITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC CRISIS
dc.subject
GOOGLE MOBILITY DATA
dc.subject
LIVELIHOODS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
dc.subject
VOLUNTARY DE-MOBILIZATION
dc.subject
RISK AVERSION
dc.title
Determinants of Social Distancing and Economic Activity during COVID-19
en
dc.title.subtitle
A Global View
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2020-05-12
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/325021589288466494/Determinants-of-Social-Distancing-and-Economic-Activity-during-COVID-19-A-Global-View
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-9242
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b08790d716_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
32028595
okr.identifier.report
WPS9242
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/325021589288466494/pdf/Determinants-of-Social-Distancing-and-Economic-Activity-during-COVID-19-A-Global-View.pdf
en
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Public Health Promotion
okr.topic
Information and Communication Technologies :: ICT Data and Statistics
okr.unit
Office of the Chief Economist, Equitable Growth, Finance and Institutions Practice Group

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