Liberia's Infrastructure : A Continental Perspective

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Foster, Vivien
dc.contributor.author
Pushak, Nataliya
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T18:01:03Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T18:01:03Z
dc.date.issued
2011-03-01
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:02:09Z
dc.description.abstract
Liberia's power generating capacity and national grid were completely demolished during 14 years of civil war. Piped water access fell from 15 percent of the population in 1986 to less than 3 percent in 2008. War also left the national road network in a state of severe disrepair. Since the return of peace, the port of Monrovia has resumed normal operations under private management, and progress has been made in securing donor finance for road reconstruction. Liberia has also successfully liberalized its mobile telephone markets, with low-priced access surging to 40 percent in 2009. Liberia's starkest challenge lies in funding a more cost-effective power sector. The country's generation capacity is barely one-tenth of the benchmark level of Africa's other low-income countries. The cost of generating power is exorbitant, and the power tariff is three times the regional average. Addressing Liberia's public infrastructure needs will require sustained expenditures of between $350 million and $600 million annually, mostly to fund power and transport. In the mid-2000s, with all sources of spending taken into account, Liberia spent around $90 million a year on infrastructure. An additional $17 million was lost to inefficiencies, such as underpricing of power. Because Liberia suffers an annual funding gap of between $250 million and $500 million per year, it will need a combination of increased finance, improved efficiency, and cost-reducing innovations to reach its infrastructure targets in a reasonable time. Without these, Liberians may have to wait for up to 40 years to achieve the targets.
en
dc.identifier
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000158349_20110317133819
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/3362
dc.language
English
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dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5597
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
ACCESS TO SERVICES
dc.subject
ACCESSIBILITY
dc.subject
ADSL
dc.subject
AIR
dc.subject
AIR SAFETY
dc.subject
AIR TRAFFIC
dc.subject
AIR TRANSPORT
dc.subject
AIRCRAFT
dc.subject
AIRWAYS
dc.subject
APPROACH
dc.subject
ARTERY
dc.subject
AVAILABILITY
dc.subject
BACK-UP
dc.subject
BACKBONE
dc.subject
BACKBONES
dc.subject
BALANCE
dc.subject
BANDWIDTH
dc.subject
BARRIERS TO ENTRY
dc.subject
BEST PRACTICE
dc.subject
BIOMASS
dc.subject
BIOMASS GENERATION
dc.subject
BOTTLENECKS
dc.subject
BRIDGE
dc.subject
BROADBAND
dc.subject
BUDGET EXECUTION
dc.subject
CABLE
dc.subject
CAPITAL COSTS
dc.subject
CAPITAL EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
CARGO
dc.subject
CARGO HANDLING
dc.subject
CARGO HANDLING CHARGE
dc.subject
CARGO HANDLING OPERATIONS
dc.subject
COMMODITY
dc.subject
COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES
dc.subject
COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
CONCESSION
dc.subject
CONCESSION ARRANGEMENTS
dc.subject
CONCESSIONAIRES
dc.subject
CONCESSIONS
dc.subject
CONNECTIVITY
dc.subject
COST RECOVERY
dc.subject
COSTS OF POWER
dc.subject
CUSTOMS
dc.subject
DEFICITS
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR POWER
dc.subject
DIESEL
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION ASSETS
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION LOSSES
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION NETWORK
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC ACTIVITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIES OF SCALE
dc.subject
ELECTRIFICATION
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
END-USER
dc.subject
ENERGY INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
ENTERPRISE SURVEYS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL BURDEN
dc.subject
FINANCIAL FLOWS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
dc.subject
FOREIGN INVESTMENT
dc.subject
FUEL
dc.subject
FUEL OIL
dc.subject
GAS
dc.subject
GENERATION
dc.subject
GENERATION CAPACITY
dc.subject
GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
GENERATORS
dc.subject
GLOBAL STANDARDS
dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject
GROWTH RATES
dc.subject
GROWTH STRATEGY
dc.subject
HEAVY FUEL OIL
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD ACCESS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD BUDGETS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
HYDROPOWER
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE ACCESS
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE ASSETS
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE FUNDING
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE SERVICES
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING
dc.subject
INNOVATIONS
dc.subject
INSTALLATION
dc.subject
INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS
dc.subject
INVESTMENT TARGETS
dc.subject
ISPS
dc.subject
KILOWATT-HOUR
dc.subject
KILOWATT-HOURS
dc.subject
LANDLORD PORTS
dc.subject
LEVIES
dc.subject
MAINTENANCE EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
MARKET CONCENTRATION
dc.subject
MARKET SHARE
dc.subject
MATERIAL
dc.subject
MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT
dc.subject
MOBILE PHONE
dc.subject
MOBILE TELEPHONE
dc.subject
MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES
dc.subject
MUNICIPALITIES
dc.subject
NATIONAL INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
NATIONAL TRANSPORT
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCE
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
NETWORK TRAFFIC
dc.subject
O&M
dc.subject
OPEN ACCESS
dc.subject
OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCIES
dc.subject
OPERATIONAL EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
PENETRATION RATES
dc.subject
PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
dc.subject
POPULATION DENSITY
dc.subject
PORT ACCESS
dc.subject
PORT AUTHORITY
dc.subject
PORT CHARGES
dc.subject
PORTS
dc.subject
POST-CONFLICT
dc.subject
POWER
dc.subject
POWER CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
POWER COSTS
dc.subject
POWER DEMAND
dc.subject
POWER GENERATING CAPACITY
dc.subject
POWER GENERATION
dc.subject
POWER GENERATION CAPACITY
dc.subject
POWER GRID
dc.subject
POWER SECTOR
dc.subject
POWER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
POWER TRADE
dc.subject
PRICE OF POWER
dc.subject
PRICE OF WATER
dc.subject
PRIVATE INVESTMENT
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
PUBLIC
dc.subject
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
PUBLIC INVESTMENT
dc.subject
PUBLIC NETWORKS
dc.subject
PUBLIC PRIVATE INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECTOR
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECTOR INFORMATION
dc.subject
PUBLIC WORKS
dc.subject
RADIO
dc.subject
RAIL
dc.subject
RAIL SERVICE
dc.subject
RAILWAY
dc.subject
RAILWAY LINE
dc.subject
RAILWAYS
dc.subject
REGIONAL NETWORK
dc.subject
REGIONAL NETWORKS
dc.subject
REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
RESULT
dc.subject
RESULTS
dc.subject
REVENUE COLLECTION
dc.subject
ROAD
dc.subject
ROAD MAINTENANCE
dc.subject
ROAD NETWORK
dc.subject
ROAD SECTOR
dc.subject
ROAD TRAFFIC
dc.subject
ROAD USER
dc.subject
ROAD USER CHARGES
dc.subject
ROAD USER CHARGING
dc.subject
ROADS
dc.subject
ROUTE
dc.subject
ROUTES
dc.subject
RURAL ACCESS
dc.subject
RURAL ROADS
dc.subject
SANITATION
dc.subject
SANITATION INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
SANITATION SECTOR
dc.subject
SANITATION UTILITIES
dc.subject
SAVINGS
dc.subject
SEAT CAPACITY
dc.subject
SERVICE PROVIDERS
dc.subject
SITES
dc.subject
SURFACE ACCESS
dc.subject
TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS
dc.subject
TELECOM
dc.subject
TELECOMMUNICATIONS
dc.subject
TELECOMMUNICATIONS SYSTEM
dc.subject
TELEPHONE NETWORK
dc.subject
TELEPHONE PENETRATION
dc.subject
TRAFFIC
dc.subject
TRAFFIC FLOW
dc.subject
TRAFFIC FLOWS
dc.subject
TRAFFIC GROWTH
dc.subject
TRAFFIC LEVELS
dc.subject
TRAFFIC VOLUMES
dc.subject
TRANSMISSION
dc.subject
TRANSMISSION GRID
dc.subject
TRANSMISSION LINE
dc.subject
TRANSPORT
dc.subject
TRANSPORT INDICATORS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT INDUSTRY
dc.subject
TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
TRANSPORT INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT MARKET
dc.subject
TRANSPORT NETWORK
dc.subject
TRANSPORT POLICY
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SECTOR
dc.subject
TRANSPORT STRATEGY
dc.subject
TRUCK PROCESSING
dc.subject
TRUE
dc.subject
TURNAROUND TIME
dc.subject
UNIVERSAL ACCESS
dc.subject
URBAN GROWTH
dc.subject
URBAN ROAD
dc.subject
URBAN ROADS
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSPORT
dc.subject
USERS
dc.subject
UTILITIES
dc.subject
UTILITY BILL
dc.subject
UTILITY BILLS
dc.subject
VEHICLES
dc.subject
VSAT
dc.subject
WATER CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
WATER SERVICE
dc.subject
WATER SERVICES
dc.subject
WATER TARIFFS
dc.subject
WATER UTILITIES
dc.subject
WEB
dc.subject
WEB SITE
dc.subject
WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY
dc.title
Liberia's Infrastructure : A Continental Perspective
en
okr.date.disclosure
2011-03-01
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000158349_20110317133819
okr.globalpractice
Transport and ICT
okr.globalpractice
Energy and Extractives
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-5597
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20110317133819
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
13921782
okr.identifier.report
WPS5597
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2011/03/17/000158349_20110317133819/Rendered/PDF/WPS5597.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.country
Liberia
okr.region.geographical
West Africa
okr.region.geographical
Sub-Saharan Africa
okr.topic
Energy :: Energy Production and Transportation
okr.topic
Transport
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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