The Impact of Wealth on the Amount and Quality of Child Labor

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Del Carpio, Ximena V.
dc.contributor.author
Loayza, Norman V.
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T17:28:59Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T17:28:59Z
dc.date.issued
2012-01-01
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:02:08Z
dc.description.abstract
This paper analyzes to what extent, and under what conditions, an increase in household wealth affects the use of child labor in poor households. It develops a simple theoretical model, which uses child labor, training, and schooling to maximize household income over time, subject to resource constraints. Then, it conducts an empirical analysis using randomized trial data, which were collected for the evaluation of the 2006 Nicaragua conditional cash transfer program. This social program transfers wealth to poor families in rural areas, conditional on children's school attendance and health check-ups. In addition, for one third of the beneficiaries, there is a further wealth transfer to start a non-agricultural business. The paper finds that the conditional cash transfer program affected the volume and quality of child labor, reducing it in the aggregate and steering it towards skill-forming activities. Specifically, the program appears to have reduced the use of child labor for household chores and farm work, while increasing it for the non-traditional, skill-forming activities related to commerce and retail. Moreover, the paper finds that the source behind the increase in skill-forming child labor is not the basic component, which provides a transfer for paying for schooling and health services, but it's the business-grant component, which provides a household grant for the creation of a micro business or a new economic activity.
en
dc.identifier
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000158349_20120130155316
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/3244
dc.language
English
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research working paper ; no. WPS 5959
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESS TO SERVICES
dc.subject
ACCOUNT
dc.subject
ADVERSE EFFECTS
dc.subject
ATTRITION
dc.subject
BORROWING
dc.subject
CAPITAL INVESTMENT
dc.subject
CHILD EDUCATION
dc.subject
CHILD LABOR
dc.subject
CHILD LABOR DECLINE
dc.subject
CHILD LABOR DECLINES
dc.subject
CHILD LABOUR
dc.subject
CHILD WORK
dc.subject
CLERICAL WORK
dc.subject
DAY LABORERS
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMICS
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL LEVEL
dc.subject
FINANCIAL MARKETS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD INCOME
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEY
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD WEALTH
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCES
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
JOBS
dc.subject
LABOR ALLOCATION
dc.subject
LABOR ALLOCATIONS
dc.subject
LABOR ECONOMICS
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LABOR OFFICE
dc.subject
LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
MALE-HEADED HOUSEHOLDS
dc.subject
MORAL HAZARD
dc.subject
MOTIVATION
dc.subject
OCCUPATION
dc.subject
OCCUPATIONS
dc.subject
OLDER CHILDREN
dc.subject
OPTIMAL ALLOCATION
dc.subject
PARENTS
dc.subject
POLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
PRESENT VALUE
dc.subject
PREVIOUS SECTION
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
PRODUCTION FUNCTION
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVE ACTIVITY
dc.subject
PROGRAM DESIGN
dc.subject
PUBLIC SECTOR JOB
dc.subject
RENTS
dc.subject
SAFETY
dc.subject
SAFETY NET
dc.subject
SCHOOL ATTENDANCE
dc.subject
SKILLED LABOR
dc.subject
SMALL BUSINESS
dc.subject
SOCIAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
TRAINING COURSE
dc.subject
WORK ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
WORKER
dc.subject
WORKERS
dc.subject
YOUNG ADULTS
dc.title
The Impact of Wealth on the Amount and Quality of Child Labor
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
okr.date.disclosure
2012-01-01
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000158349_20120130155316
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-5959
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000158349_20120130155316
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
15759157
okr.identifier.report
WPS5959
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2012/01/30/000158349_20120130155316/Rendered/PDF/WPS5959.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
The World Region
okr.region.administrative
The World Region
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
okr.topic
Governance :: Youth and Governance
okr.unit
Development Research Group (DECRG)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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