Working Paper

Sources of Manufacturing Productivity Growth in Africa

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Jones, Patricia
dc.contributor.author
Lartey, Emmanuel K.K.
dc.contributor.author
Mengistae, Taye
dc.contributor.author
Zeufack, Albert
dc.date.accessioned
2019-08-22T16:15:12Z
dc.date.available
2019-08-22T16:15:12Z
dc.date.issued
2019-08
dc.date.lastModified
2019-08-23T05:10:50Z
dc.description.abstract
This paper investigates the sources of growth in manufacturing productivity in Cote D’Ivoire, Ethiopia and Tanzania in comparison with the case of Bangladesh. Based on the analysis of establishment census data since the mid-1990s, it finds that reallocation of market share between firms contributed substantially to productivity growth in each of the four countries, although to a varying extent. In Ethiopia, the impact of market share reallocations among survivors tended to be larger than those associated with increases in within-plant productivity. In addition, plant closure (or exit) boosted productivity more than new plant openings (or entry) did in the sense that the relative productivity of survivors (or continuing plants) was higher relative to that of closing plants (or exit cases) than it was relative to the productivity of newly opening plants (or new entrants). Reallocation of market share plays an important role in raising aggregate productivity in Côte d’Ivoire as well. But the pattern here is opposite to that in Ethiopia in that in Côte d’Ivoire entering (or newly opening) plants have larger impact on aggregate productivity growth than closing (or exiting) plants. Unlike the case with Cote D’Ivoire and of Ethiopia, the reallocation of market share among surviving plants is a smaller source of manufacturing productivity growth in Tanzania than the new plant openings and plant closure. The data suggest that the reallocation of market share among surviving plants and exiting plants has larger impact on productivity growth in Bangladesh than the productivity gap between new plants and survivors, as in the case of Ethiopia.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/991451566238875955/Sources-of-Manufacturing-Productivity-Growth-in-Africa
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/32313
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 8988
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
MANUFACTURING
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
INDUSTRIALIZATION
dc.subject
MICROECONOMIC ANALYSES
dc.subject
AGGREGATE PRODUCTIVITY
dc.title
Sources of Manufacturing Productivity Growth in Africa
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2019-08-19
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/991451566238875955/Sources-of-Manufacturing-Productivity-Growth-in-Africa
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-8988
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b086ff7e8d_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
31345697
okr.identifier.report
WPS8988
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/991451566238875955/pdf/Sources-of-Manufacturing-Productivity-Growth-in-Africa.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.country
Bangladesh
okr.region.country
Cote d'Ivoire
okr.region.country
Ethiopia
okr.region.country
Tanzania
okr.topic
Industry :: Industrial Economics
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Economic Growth
okr.unit
Office of the Chief Economist, Africa Region

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