Working Paper

Exploring Accessibility to Employment Opportunities in African Cities : A First Benchmark

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Peralta-Quiros, Tatiana
dc.contributor.author
Kerzhner, Tamara
dc.contributor.author
Avner, Paolo
dc.date.accessioned
2019-08-08T18:38:57Z
dc.date.available
2019-08-08T18:38:57Z
dc.date.issued
2019-08
dc.date.lastModified
2022-01-29T12:13:31Z
dc.description.abstract
This paper presents an analysis of transit accessibility to employment for 11 African cities. The use of identical methodologies and similar data sets allows for the creation of the first benchmark to compare accessibility across urban areas in Africa through different metrics and visuals. The study shows how the spatial pattern of land use and transport systems perform in connecting people to employment opportunities in these various settings. This first comparable benchmark is achieved by overcoming two significant data hurdles that are common in many developing country cities and in Africa in particular: (i) the scarcity of information on the distribution of employment and (ii) the lack of information on transit routes and travel times. These data gaps are filled through a novel methodology to estimate the distribution of employment in urban areas (Employment Opportunity Areas) as well as a comprehensive mapping of informal transit networks. The analysis developed here can be replicated in different cities in the future. The computation of these baseline accessibility studies also opens up the possibility to assess the impacts of future transport investments and/or land use changes, through the use of counterfactual scenarios, which could assist decision makers in these cities. Finally, this analysis can serve as a demonstration that the computation of accessibility metrics is achievable, including in data scarce environments, and should be considered as a progress indicator for Sustainable Development Goal 11.2, which focuses on safe and affordable transport for all, including public transport.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/514081565267887937/Exploring-Accessibility-to-Employment-Opportunities-in-African-Cities-A-First-Benchmark
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/32223
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 8971
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSPORT
dc.subject
URBAN PLANNING
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
CONNECTIVITY
dc.subject
LAND USE
dc.subject
SPATIAL ECONOMICS
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSIT
dc.title
Exploring Accessibility to Employment Opportunities in African Cities
en
dc.title.subtitle
A First Benchmark
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.crossref.title
Exploring Accessibility to Employment Opportunities in African Cities: A First Benchmark
okr.date.disclosure
2019-08-08
okr.doctype
Policy Research Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/514081565267887937/Exploring-Accessibility-to-Employment-Opportunities-in-African-Cities-A-First-Benchmark
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-8971
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b086faa2c1_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
31323816
okr.identifier.report
WPS8971
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/514081565267887937/pdf/Exploring-Accessibility-to-Employment-Opportunities-in-African-Cities-A-First-Benchmark.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.geographical
Sub-Saharan Africa
okr.statistics.combined
1906
okr.statistics.dr
514081565267887937
okr.topic
Transport :: Transport Economics Policy and Planning
okr.topic
Transport :: Roads & Highways
okr.topic
Transport :: Railways
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Transport in Urban Areas
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Urban Economic Development
okr.unit
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience Global Practice; the Transport and Digital Development Global Practice; and the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery; and the Global Solutions Group for Territorial Development

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