Albania - Building Competitiveness : Sector Case Studies - Apparel and Footwear, Tourism, and Mining

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collection.link.75
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2183
collection.name.75
Investment Climate Assessment
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T17:26:12Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T17:26:12Z
dc.date.issued
2009-10-01
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:02:07Z
dc.description.abstract
Commitment to structural reforms and to economic stabilization has enabled high rates of gross domestic product (GDP) growth in Albania since the start of transition, and consequent reductions in poverty. The crisis caused by the collapse of 'pyramid' investment schemes in late 1996 and early 1997, the Government began to implement a stabilization and reform program which has resulted in rates of economic growth averaging more than five percent annually between 1998 and 2007. Strong growth has in turn made possible a 6.8 percentage point decline in the poverty headcount, a higher drop than in most countries in the (Eastern) Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region. These achievements have been underpinned by prudent fiscal and monetary policies. Budget deficits have been kept under control, declining from an average of around 10 percent of GDP in the late 1990s to less than 4 percent since 2005. In parallel, a monetary targeting regime has ensured price stability, with inflation remaining at around 3 percent in recent years. This report discusses how Albania can improve its long term competitiveness and growth by facilitating firms' ability to employ technology and skills and by closing the gap between formal regulations and actual enforcement. The second chapter sets the stage by presenting the macroeconomic setting, as well as key structural features of the Albanian economy. The third chapter provides an overview of investment climate constraints on firm performance. The crucial pillars of the investment climate that affect firm performance that is to say: (i) access to and adoption of knowledge by Albanian firms, and (ii) the gap between formal and informal regulation are treated in chapters four and five respectively. Chapter six concludes and summarizes policy recommendations.
en
dc.identifier
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333038_20100331010718
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/3177
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABSORPTIVE CAPACITY
dc.subject
ACCOUNTING
dc.subject
ADVERTISING
dc.subject
APPAREL
dc.subject
APPAREL EXPORTS
dc.subject
APPAREL INDUSTRIES
dc.subject
APPAREL INDUSTRY
dc.subject
APPAREL PRODUCTS
dc.subject
APPAREL SECTOR
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APPAREL TRADE
dc.subject
ASSET MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
BENCHMARK
dc.subject
BENCHMARKS
dc.subject
BENEFICIARY
dc.subject
BID
dc.subject
BONDS
dc.subject
BRAND
dc.subject
BRAND NAME
dc.subject
BRAND NAMES
dc.subject
BRANDED MERCHANDISE
dc.subject
BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
CAPACITY BUILDING
dc.subject
CAPACITY OF FIRMS
dc.subject
CAPITAL GOODS
dc.subject
CENTRALIZATION
dc.subject
COLLATERAL
dc.subject
COMMERCIAL BANKS
dc.subject
COMMODITY PRICES
dc.subject
COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE
dc.subject
COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject
CONSUMERS
dc.subject
CREDIT INFORMATION
dc.subject
DEBT
dc.subject
DEBT SERVICING
dc.subject
DECENTRALIZATION
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
DOMESTIC MARKET
dc.subject
DOMESTIC MARKETS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
EMERGING ECONOMIES
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL
dc.subject
EQUILIBRIUM
dc.subject
EQUIPMENT
dc.subject
EXCHANGE RATE
dc.subject
EXCHANGE RATE MOVEMENTS
dc.subject
EXPORT COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject
EXPORT DIVERSIFICATION
dc.subject
EXPORT GROWTH
dc.subject
EXPORT MARKETS
dc.subject
EXPORT PROCESSING
dc.subject
EXPORT PROCESSING ZONES
dc.subject
EXPORT SECTORS
dc.subject
EXPORT STRUCTURE
dc.subject
EXPORTER
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EXPORTERS
dc.subject
EXPORTS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
dc.subject
FINANCIAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
FINISHED PRODUCTS
dc.subject
FORECASTS
dc.subject
FOREIGN COMPANIES
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FOREIGN CURRENCY
dc.subject
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
dc.subject
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
FOREIGN EXCHANGE
dc.subject
FOREIGN FIRMS
dc.subject
FOREIGN INTEREST
dc.subject
FOREIGN INVESTMENT
dc.subject
FOREIGN INVESTOR
dc.subject
FOREIGN INVESTORS
dc.subject
GEOGRAPHIC PROXIMITY
dc.subject
GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject
GLOBAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
GLOBAL MARKET
dc.subject
GLOBAL TRADE
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT POLICIES
dc.subject
GROWTH RATE
dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCE
dc.subject
IMPORT PRODUCTS
dc.subject
INDUSTRIAL SITES
dc.subject
INFORMATION DISSEMINATION
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY
dc.subject
INSURANCE
dc.subject
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY
dc.subject
INTEREST RATES
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL INTEREST
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MARKETS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
INVENTORY
dc.subject
INVESTMENT CLIMATE
dc.subject
INVESTMENT PROJECTS
dc.subject
INVESTMENT RATES
dc.subject
INVESTMENT STRATEGY
dc.subject
INVESTOR CONFIDENCE
dc.subject
INVESTOR INTEREST
dc.subject
LABOR COSTS
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
dc.subject
LOAN
dc.subject
LOCAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
LONG-TERM INVESTMENT
dc.subject
LONG-TERM INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
MARKET CONCENTRATION
dc.subject
MARKET FAILURES
dc.subject
MARKET PENETRATION
dc.subject
MARKET SEGMENT
dc.subject
MARKET SEGMENTS
dc.subject
MARKETING
dc.subject
MATURITY
dc.subject
MERCHANDISE
dc.subject
MERCHANDISE EXPORTS
dc.subject
METALS
dc.subject
MICRO-ENTERPRISES
dc.subject
MINIMUM WAGE
dc.subject
MONOPOLY
dc.subject
NATIONAL BANK
dc.subject
PERSONAL PROPERTY
dc.subject
PERSONAL PROPERTY AS COLLATERAL
dc.subject
PLANNED ECONOMY
dc.subject
POLICY ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
POLITICAL STABILITY
dc.subject
PRIMARY MARKET
dc.subject
PRODUCERS
dc.subject
PRODUCT MARKETS
dc.subject
PRODUCT QUALITY
dc.subject
PRODUCTION COSTS
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVE INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
PUBLIC GOODS
dc.subject
QUALITY STANDARDS
dc.subject
REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS
dc.subject
RENEWABLE RESOURCES
dc.subject
REPAYMENT
dc.subject
REPAYMENT PERIODS
dc.subject
RETAIL
dc.subject
RETURNS
dc.subject
SALE
dc.subject
SALES
dc.subject
SMALL BUSINESS
dc.subject
SMALL LOANS
dc.subject
SUPPLIER
dc.subject
SUPPLIERS
dc.subject
SUPPLY CHAIN
dc.subject
SUPPLY CHAINS
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
TAX
dc.subject
TAX CODE
dc.subject
TAX POLICY
dc.subject
TAX RATE
dc.subject
TAX RATES
dc.subject
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER
dc.subject
TOTAL COSTS
dc.subject
TRADE DATA
dc.subject
TRADE LOGISTICS
dc.subject
TRADE PREFERENCES
dc.subject
TRADEMARK
dc.subject
TRADING
dc.subject
TRANSACTION
dc.subject
TRANSACTION COSTS
dc.subject
TURNOVER
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UNSKILLED LABOR
dc.subject
VALUE ADDED
dc.subject
WAGES
dc.subject
WHOLESALERS
dc.subject
WORKING CAPITAL
dc.title
Albania - Building Competitiveness : Sector Case Studies - Apparel and Footwear, Tourism, and Mining
en
dc.title.alternative
Shqiperia - Rritja e konkurrueshmerise ne shqiperi
en
okr.date.disclosure
2010-03-29
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Investment Climate Assessment (ICA)
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333038_20100331010718
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Trade and Competitiveness
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333038_20100331010718
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
12022795
okr.identifier.report
47866
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2010/03/31/000333038_20100331010718/Rendered/PDF/478660ESW0v20A1C0disclosed031291301.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Europe and Central Asia
okr.region.country
Albania
okr.region.geographical
Europe
okr.region.geographical
Eastern Europe
okr.sector
Other domestic and international trade
okr.sector
General transportation sector
okr.sector
General public administration sector
okr.sector
General industry and trade sector
okr.sector
General finance sector
okr.sector
Transportation
okr.sector
Public Administration
okr.sector
Law
okr.sector
Public Administration, Law, and Justice
okr.sector
Industry and trade
okr.sector
Finance
okr.theme
Regulation and competition policy
okr.theme
Other accountability/anti-corruption
okr.theme
Legal institutions for a market economy
okr.theme
Infrastructure services for private sector development
okr.theme
Corporate governance
okr.theme
Rule of law
okr.theme
Financial and private sector development
okr.theme
Public sector governance
okr.topic
Finance and Financial Sector Development :: Debt Markets
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Free Trade
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Economic Theory & Research
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Markets and Market Access
okr.topic
Environment :: Environmental Economics & Policies
okr.unit
Private/Financial Sectors Devt (ECSPF)
okr.volume
2 of 2

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