Working Paper

Tackling the Global Profitarchy : Gender and the Choice of Business Sector

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Goldstein, Markus
dc.contributor.author
Gonzalez Martinez, Paula
dc.contributor.author
Papineni, Sreelakshmi
dc.date.accessioned
2019-05-30T20:00:32Z
dc.date.available
2019-05-30T20:00:32Z
dc.date.issued
2019-05
dc.description.abstract
Sectoral segregation is often used to explain a large part of a well-documented gender earnings gap in business profits. Women tend to sort into different sectors than men, and the sectors dominated by women tend to be less profitable. This paper investigates the horizonal dimension of sectoral segregation by studying global data on female and male enterprises operating in sectors that are typically dominated by the same and opposite sex. The analysis uses the novel Future of Business dataset, which spans 97 countries and was administered to enterprise owners, managers, and employees who use Facebook. The analysis finds that some of the earnings gap can indeed be explained by sector choice: female-owned businesses in male-dominated sectors make significantly higher profits than those in traditionally female sectors. The evidence points to a hierarchy of earnings, with male-owned businesses in male-dominated sectors earning the most, women in male-dominated sectors and men in female-concentrated sectors in the middle tier, and women in female-concentrated sectors at the bottom. Correlational analysis suggests that women who own businesses in male-dominated sectors are younger, married, and more likely to have inherited the business than women in female-concentrated sectors. They have similar education to women in female-concentrated sectors and present higher self-efficacy but lower entrepreneurial identity and commitment to the sector. Male support networks appear to be key for female-owned firms, with co-ownership with husbands and male role models factoring into the decision to cross over.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/734371558715932769/Tackling-the-Global-Profitarchy-Gender-and-the-Choice-of-Business-Sector
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/31747
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 8865
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES
dc.subject
MICROENTERPRISES
dc.subject
ENTREPRENEURSHIP
dc.subject
GENDER
dc.subject
GENDER GAP
dc.subject
GENDER EARNINGS GAP
dc.subject
AFRICA GENDER POLICY
dc.subject
GENDER INNOVATION LAB
dc.subject
WOMEN AND PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT
dc.title
Tackling the Global Profitarchy
en
dc.title.subtitle
Gender and the Choice of Business Sector
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2019-05-30
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/734371558715932769/Tackling-the-Global-Profitarchy-Gender-and-the-Choice-of-Business-Sector
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-8865
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b086cf95e3_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
31103475
okr.identifier.report
WPS8865
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/734371558715932769/pdf/Tackling-the-Global-Profitarchy-Gender-and-the-Choice-of-Business-Sector.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.geographical
Sub-Saharan Africa
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Development
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Economics
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Microenterprises
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Private Sector Economics
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: Small and Medium Size Enterprises
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Wages, Compensation & Benefits
okr.unit
Gender Innovation Lab, Africa Region and Gender Global Theme

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