Report

AFCW3 Economic Update, Spring 2019 : Digitizing Agriculture - Evidence from E-Voucher programs in Mali, Chad, Niger, and Guinea

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collection.link.85
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2193
collection.name.85
Economic Updates and Modeling
dc.contributor.author
World Bank Group
dc.date.accessioned
2019-04-23T17:04:35Z
dc.date.available
2019-04-23T17:04:35Z
dc.date.issued
2019-04
dc.date.lastModified
2019-04-24T05:10:33Z
dc.description.abstract
The agricultural sector is a significant contributor to the economies of Guinea, Mali and Niger. In terms of share of GDP, agriculture represents 16 percent, 38 percent, and 40 percent respectively. It is also a primary source of employment for most of the population (68 percent, 57 percent, and 75 percent respectively). Unfortunately, such critical sector is characterized by low yields due to low input use and quality. The International Fertilizer Development Center (IFDC)estimated the average cereal yields to be 1.6 metric tons per hectare in 2014 in Mali, which is above the sub-Saharan average (1 metric ton/ha) but well below potential yields. With a majority of their land area lying in semi-arid and arid zones of the Sahel and the Sahara desert, increasingly frequent crises arising from the Sahel region’s high vulnerability to climate change--characterized by recurrent extreme weather events such as floods and droughts—low productivity has adverse effects on farmers’ incomes and undermines household food security. Hence the main articlein the present volume is devoted to the innovative effort of introducing e-vouchers schemes, supported by digital means, in Guinea, Mali and Niger. The e-voucher program is built around three key components: a digital platform for SMS messages, a reliable database of electronically-registered farmers in selected regions, and a directory of agro-dealers. In so doing, fertilizers (or seeds) distribution becomes transparent, ensures high quality and as it unfolds, fosters private sector participation. Based on pilot practices in the sub-region, four major lessons are learned. First, targeting is a key determinant of scope and success. In general, targeting depends on the main objective of the program: either poverty reduction, which would aim at farmers located at the lowest deciles of the income distribution, or agricultural productivity, which would also aim at those located a few deciles above. A clear decision in this regard should be taken upfront. Second, in rural populations with high levels of illiteracy, digital technologies should be adapted to their needs, with voice messaging working better than SMS messages. Third, effectiveness of these programs relies on the efficiency of public procurement. In many cases, delays in timely providing agricultural input result from bottlenecks at the procurement stage. As AFCW3 governments become strongly involved in upscaling these approaches, it is my hope that this report will provide further insights to help them in their successful implementation.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/915401555082222586/Digitizing-Agriculture-Evidence-from-E-Voucher-programs-in-Mali-Chad-Niger-and-Guinea
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/31576
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
FRAGILE STATES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
E-GOVERNMENT
dc.subject
MONITORING AND EVALUATION
dc.subject
DIGITAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
DIGITAL DIVIDE
dc.title
AFCW3 Economic Update, Spring 2019
en
dc.title.subtitle
Digitizing Agriculture - Evidence from E-Voucher programs in Mali, Chad, Niger, and Guinea
en
dc.type
Report
en
okr.date.disclosure
2019-04-12
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Economic Updates and Modeling
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/915401555082222586/Digitizing-Agriculture-Evidence-from-E-Voucher-programs-in-Mali-Chad-Niger-and-Guinea
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b086b8fd0c_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
30980416
okr.identifier.report
136045
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/915401555082222586/pdf/Digitizing-Agriculture-Evidence-from-E-Voucher-programs-in-Mali-Chad-Niger-and-Guinea.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.country
Chad
okr.region.country
Guinea
okr.region.country
Mali
okr.region.country
Niger
okr.region.geographical
West Africa
okr.topic
Agriculture :: Agricultural Sector Economics
okr.topic
Agriculture :: Crops & Crop Management Systems
okr.topic
Agriculture :: Fertilizers
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Economic Growth
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Taxation & Subsidies
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Inequality
okr.topic
Agriculture :: Agricultural Knowledge & Information Systems
okr.topic
Information and Communication Technologies :: Information Technology
okr.unit
WB Office: Mali ML/GN/NE/TD (AFCW3)

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