Working Paper

Intervening at Home and Then at School : A Randomized Evaluation of Two Approaches to Improve Early Educational Outcomes in Tonga

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Macdonald, Kevin
dc.contributor.author
Brinkman, Sally
dc.contributor.author
Jarvie, Wendy
dc.contributor.author
Machuca-Sierra, Myrna
dc.contributor.author
McDonall, Kris
dc.contributor.author
Messaoud-Galusi, Souhila
dc.contributor.author
Tapueluelu, Siosiana
dc.contributor.author
Vu, Binh Thanh
dc.date.accessioned
2018-12-28T17:07:08Z
dc.date.available
2018-12-28T17:07:08Z
dc.date.issued
2018-12
dc.description.abstract
This paper evaluates and compares two randomized interventions in Tonga, one targeting the home environment of children up to age 5 and one targeting the school environment for first and second grade students. The first intervention supports communities to set up and run playgroups that aim to improve caregiver-child interaction at home and ultimately improve children's readiness for school. Among children of mothers without high school education, being in a treatment community positively affects the school readiness literacy domains and overall score by 0.19 and 0.2 standard deviation, respectively, for girls and the literacy domains for boys by 0.17 standard deviation. The second intervention provides teachers with training, materials, and coaching to improve reading instruction practices and students’ reading ability. It increased average early grade reading scores by approximately 0.18 standard deviation per year of exposure. Two cohorts of children were potentially exposed to both interventions, providing an opportunity to compare, for the same population of children, the effects of an early childhood intervention with a school-based intervention using a common measure of learning achievement. The school readiness intervention is found to have positive effects on early grade reading scores only among children in the reading intervention’s control group; effect sizes of approximately 0.29 standard deviation were found at the end of second grade for children exposed to one year of the school readiness intervention and at the end of first grade for girls exposed to two years of the intervention.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/749601545227173514/Intervening-at-Home-and-Then-at-School-A-Randomized-Evaluation-of-Two-Approaches-to-Improve-Early-Educational-Outcomes-in-Tonga
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/31084
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 8682
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
SCHOOL READINESS
dc.subject
EARLY CHILD EDUCATION
dc.subject
CHILDCARE
dc.subject
EDUCATION POLICY
dc.subject
GENDER
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
READING SKILLS
dc.subject
HOME ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
READING ACHIEVEMENT
dc.subject
LITERACY
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
RANDOMIZED CONTROL TRIAL
dc.subject
COST EFFECTIVENESS
dc.title
Intervening at Home and Then at School
en
dc.title.subtitle
A Randomized Evaluation of Two Approaches to Improve Early Educational Outcomes in Tonga
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2018-12-19
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/749601545227173514/Intervening-at-Home-and-Then-at-School-A-Randomized-Evaluation-of-Two-Approaches-to-Improve-Early-Educational-Outcomes-in-Tonga
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-8682
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b0867c111f_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
30709724
okr.identifier.report
WPS8682
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/749601545227173514/pdf/WPS8682.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
East Asia and Pacific
okr.region.country
Tonga
okr.topic
Education :: Primary Education
okr.topic
Education :: Access & Equity in Basic Education
okr.topic
Education :: Early Childhood Development
okr.topic
Education :: Educational Policy and Planning
okr.topic
Education :: Effective Schools and Teachers
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Early Child and Children's Health
okr.unit
Education Global Practice

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