Working Paper

Climate Variability, Drought, and Drought Management in Morocco's Agricultural Sector

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collection.link.213
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/11866
collection.name.213
Other papers
dc.contributor.author
Verner, Dorte
dc.contributor.author
Treguer, David
dc.contributor.author
Redwood, John
dc.contributor.author
Christensen, Jens
dc.contributor.author
McDonnell, Rachael
dc.contributor.author
Elbert, Christine
dc.contributor.author
Konishi, Yasuo
dc.contributor.author
Belghazi, Saad
dc.date.accessioned
2018-10-24T17:24:50Z
dc.date.available
2018-10-24T17:24:50Z
dc.date.issued
2018-10-01
dc.date.lastModified
2021-05-25T09:19:06Z
dc.description.abstract
Droughts in Morocco are increasing in frequency and intensity. Associated with global climate change, this trend will likely be more evident in the future. Drought damage to the agricultural sector affects both rural livelihoods and the national economy as a whole. This report examinesdrought and climate variability impacts on agricultural and livestock activities in Morocco. It relies on original research on the citrus and olive value chains, which are both priorities in the government’s current agricultural strategy, known as the “Green Plan” or Plan Maroc Vert (PMV). The report also considers drought impacts on cereal production, traces the government’s efforts to address drought, and suggests actions to strength these efforts. Long-term climate change is making Morocco, which already faces rural water scarcity, more vulnerable to extreme weather events. Recurrent atmospheric climate events, known as teleconnections, such as the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), may further exacerbate this situation. This study finds that ENSO had limited impacts on the 2015–2016 droughts in Morocco, but other teleconnections,specifically the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) and the Mediterranean Oscillation (MO), had greater impacts. Increased climate variability leads to stronger droughts, which adversely affect livestock andrainfed crops. Moreover, Morocco’s average temperatures are rising and rainfall is becoming more sporadic, both affecting certain parts of the country more than others. Agriculture and agribusiness activities generate over 30 percent of employment in Morocco. The agricultural sector also produces 20 percent of GDP and 35 percent of exports. Rainfed crops, like wheat, are critical for domestic food security and livestock survival, but are also most affected by climatevariability. As such, increasing droughts represent a “contingent liability” for the Moroccan economy. This impacts Morocco’s trade balance as agricultural exports fall and food and fodder imports rise to meet increased domestic demand. This report suggests further drought management actions. Currently, the government is carrying out important monitoring and crop insurance programs, but more can be done to share information and strengthen inter-governmental and interagency coordination, especially with governments at the river basin level.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/353801538414553978/Climate-Variability-Drought-and-Drought-Management-in-Moroccos-Agricultural-Sector
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/30603
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
DROUGHT
dc.subject
AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
MEAN PRECIPITATION
dc.subject
MEAN TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
CLIMATE IMPACT
dc.subject
RISK MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION
dc.subject
WEATHER
dc.subject
CITRUS
dc.subject
OLIVES
dc.title
Climate Variability, Drought, and Drought Management in Morocco's Agricultural Sector
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.crossref.title
Climate Variability, Drought, and Drought Management in Morocco's Agricultural Sector
okr.date.disclosure
2018-10-01
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/353801538414553978/Climate-Variability-Drought-and-Drought-Management-in-Moroccos-Agricultural-Sector
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/30603
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b086329896_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
30462243
okr.identifier.report
130404
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/353801538414553978/pdf/130404-WP-P159851-Morocco-WEB.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Middle East and North Africa
okr.region.country
Morocco
okr.topic
Agriculture :: Agricultural Sector Economics
okr.topic
Agriculture :: Climate Change and Agriculture
okr.topic
Agriculture :: Crops & Crop Management Systems
okr.topic
Environment :: Natural Disasters
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Export Competitiveness
okr.topic
Water Resources :: Drought Management
okr.topic
Environment :: Adaptation to Climate Change
okr.unit
AGRICULTURE GP MNA (GFA05)

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