Kenya - HIV Prevention Response and Modes of Transmission Analysis

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collection.link.95
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2203
collection.name.95
Other Health Study
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T17:23:07Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T17:23:07Z
dc.date.issued
2009-03-01
dc.description.abstract
In 2007, an estimated 33.2 million people in the world were living with HIV, and despite twenty years of prevention programmes, an estimated 2.5 million new infections occurred in that year. Underpinning the shortcoming in the prevention response is the inadequate use of evidence to inform the response. The result has been largely ineffective prevention interventions, with non-optimal use of available resources and the loss of early opportunities to address the unique factors driving infection in the populations most at risk within the country. The overall objective of this study is: 'to contribute to the ongoing efforts to understand the epidemic and response in Kenya and thus help the country improve the scope (doing the right kind of activities), relevance (with the right populations) and comprehensiveness (reaching all members of target populations) with HIV prevention efforts', with an ultimate goal of helping Kenya make more effective HIV/AIDS-related decisions. The report then assesses the relevance, comprehensiveness and cost of major HIV responses in relation to the epidemiological analysis and policy environment, and draws some conclusions about the state of the epidemic and about whether the prevention responses (and the resources allocated to them) are congruent with the evidence on where resources should best be directed. This study describes the epidemiology of HIV in Kenya over time: trends in HIV prevalence and incidence, magnitude and current phase of the epidemic, the main transmission pathways for new infections; and the heterogeneity of the HIV epidemic (by sex, geography, age group, and risk behaviors).
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/3044
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABSTINENCE
dc.subject
ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME
dc.subject
ADULT POPULATION
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AGED
dc.subject
AGING
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AIDS CASE
dc.subject
AIDS CASE REPORTING
dc.subject
AIDS DEATHS
dc.subject
AIDS EPIDEMIC
dc.subject
AIDS FUNDING
dc.subject
AIDS RELIEF
dc.subject
AIDS RESEARCH
dc.subject
AIDS SPENDING
dc.subject
ALCOHOL ABUSE
dc.subject
ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES
dc.subject
ANAL SEX
dc.subject
ANTENATAL CLINIC
dc.subject
ANTENATAL CLINICS
dc.subject
BEHAVIOUR CHANGE
dc.subject
BEHAVIOURS
dc.subject
BIOLOGICAL MEASURES
dc.subject
BIOLOGICAL VULNERABILITY
dc.subject
BLOOD PRODUCTS
dc.subject
BLOOD SAFETY
dc.subject
BLOOD SUPPLY
dc.subject
BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS
dc.subject
BURDEN OF DISEASE
dc.subject
CAPACITY BUILDING
dc.subject
CASES OF AIDS
dc.subject
CASUAL SEX
dc.subject
CHILD MORTALITY
dc.subject
CHILD MORTALITY RATES
dc.subject
CHILD PROSTITUTION
dc.subject
COMMERCIAL SEX
dc.subject
COMMUNITY OUTREACH
dc.subject
CONDOM
dc.subject
CONDOM DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
CONDOM PROMOTION
dc.subject
CONDOM USE
dc.subject
CONDOMS
dc.subject
CONSISTENT CONDOM USE
dc.subject
COUNSELLING
dc.subject
CULTURAL PRACTICES
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DIAGNOSIS
dc.subject
DIET
dc.subject
DISCRIMINATION
dc.subject
DISEASE
dc.subject
DISEASE CONTROL
dc.subject
DRUGS
dc.subject
ELDERLY
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ELDERLY PEOPLE
dc.subject
EMERGENCY PLAN
dc.subject
EPIDEMIC
dc.subject
EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS
dc.subject
EPIDEMIOLOGICAL DATA
dc.subject
EPIDEMIOLOGY
dc.subject
ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS
dc.subject
ETHNIC GROUPS
dc.subject
FAMILY HEALTH
dc.subject
FAMILY HEALTH INTERNATIONAL
dc.subject
FAMILY PLANNING
dc.subject
FAMILY PLANNING ASSOCIATION
dc.subject
FEMALE SEX WORKERS
dc.subject
FEMALES
dc.subject
FERTILITY
dc.subject
FOOD PRODUCTION
dc.subject
FOOD SECURITY
dc.subject
GLOBAL HIV/AIDS
dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
HEALTH FACILITIES
dc.subject
HEALTH FACILITY
dc.subject
HERPES
dc.subject
HERPES SIMPLEX
dc.subject
HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS
dc.subject
HETEROSEXUAL CONTACT
dc.subject
HETEROSEXUAL SEX
dc.subject
HETEROSEXUAL TRANSMISSION
dc.subject
HIV
dc.subject
HIV INFECTED PEOPLE
dc.subject
HIV INFECTION
dc.subject
HIV INFECTIONS
dc.subject
HIV POSITIVE
dc.subject
HIV PREVENTION
dc.subject
HIV TESTING
dc.subject
HIV TRANSMISSION
dc.subject
HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS
dc.subject
IMMUNODEFICIENCY
dc.subject
INFANT
dc.subject
INJECTING DRUG USE
dc.subject
INJECTING DRUG USERS
dc.subject
INJECTION DRUG
dc.subject
INJECTION DRUG USE
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION
dc.subject
LACK OF KNOWLEDGE
dc.subject
LEVELS OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.subject
MALE CIRCUMCISION
dc.subject
MALE PEERS
dc.subject
MALE PRISONERS
dc.subject
MALE SEX
dc.subject
MALE SEX WORKERS
dc.subject
MARITAL STATUS
dc.subject
MARRIED COUPLES
dc.subject
MIGRANT
dc.subject
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
MINISTRY OF HEALTH
dc.subject
MODE OF TRANSMISSION
dc.subject
MORTALITY
dc.subject
MORTALITY RATE
dc.subject
MOTHER
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MOTHER-TO-CHILD
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MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION
dc.subject
MULTIPLE PARTNERS
dc.subject
MULTIPLE SEXUAL PARTNERS
dc.subject
NATIONAL AIDS
dc.subject
NATIONAL AIDS CONTROL
dc.subject
NATIONAL LEVEL
dc.subject
NATIONAL POLICIES
dc.subject
NATIONAL SECURITY
dc.subject
NEEDLE SHARING
dc.subject
NEEDLES
dc.subject
NEW INFECTIONS
dc.subject
NUMBER OF ADULTS
dc.subject
NUMBER OF AIDS DEATHS
dc.subject
NUMBER OF COUPLES
dc.subject
NUMBER OF DEATHS
dc.subject
NUMBER OF NEW CASES
dc.subject
NUMBER OF NEW INFECTIONS
dc.subject
NUMBER OF PEOPLE
dc.subject
NUMBER OF WOMEN
dc.subject
OLD AGE
dc.subject
OLDER AGE GROUPS
dc.subject
OLDER MEN
dc.subject
ORPHANS
dc.subject
OUTREACH ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
PARTNER REDUCTION
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POPULATION INCREASES
dc.subject
POPULATION PROJECTIONS
dc.subject
POST-EXPOSURE PROPHYLAXIS
dc.subject
POSTNATAL CARE
dc.subject
PREGNANT WOMEN
dc.subject
PREVALENCE
dc.subject
PREVALENCE RATE
dc.subject
PREVALENCE RATES
dc.subject
PREVALENT INFECTIONS
dc.subject
PREVENTION ACTIVITIES
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PREVENTION EFFORTS
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PREVENTION INTERVENTIONS
dc.subject
PREVENTION METHODS
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PREVENTION OF MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION
dc.subject
PREVENTION STRATEGIES
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
PROGRESS
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RAPE
dc.subject
RATE OF CONDOM USE
dc.subject
RATES OF TRANSMISSION
dc.subject
RECREATION
dc.subject
REFUGEE
dc.subject
REFUGEE CAMPS
dc.subject
REFUGEES
dc.subject
REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
dc.subject
REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS
dc.subject
RESOURCE ALLOCATIONS
dc.subject
RESOURCE FLOWS
dc.subject
RISK OF EXPOSURE
dc.subject
RISK OF INFECTION
dc.subject
RISK OF TRANSMISSION
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RISK POPULATIONS
dc.subject
RISK REDUCTION
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL WOMEN
dc.subject
SAFE SEX
dc.subject
SAFER SEX
dc.subject
SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
SERVICE PROVISION
dc.subject
SEX
dc.subject
SEX PARTNERS
dc.subject
SEX WITH MEN
dc.subject
SEX WORK
dc.subject
SEX WORKER
dc.subject
SEX WORKERS
dc.subject
SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR
dc.subject
SEXUAL CONTACTS
dc.subject
SEXUAL ENCOUNTERS
dc.subject
SEXUAL NETWORKING
dc.subject
SEXUAL PARTNER
dc.subject
SEXUAL PARTNERS
dc.subject
SEXUAL PARTNERSHIPS
dc.subject
SEXUAL PRACTICES
dc.subject
SEXUAL VIOLENCE
dc.subject
SEXUALLY ACTIVE
dc.subject
SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTION
dc.subject
SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS
dc.subject
SOCIAL NORMS
dc.subject
STD
dc.subject
STD CONTROL
dc.subject
STDS
dc.subject
STIS
dc.subject
STRATEGIC PRIORITIES
dc.subject
SURVEILLANCE DATA
dc.subject
SYPHILIS
dc.subject
TB
dc.subject
THERAPY
dc.subject
TRANSMISSION OF INFECTION
dc.subject
TREATMENT
dc.subject
TUBERCULOSIS
dc.subject
UNAIDS
dc.subject
UNFPA
dc.subject
UNIONS
dc.subject
UNIVERSAL ACCESS
dc.subject
UNPROTECTED SEX
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
URBAN CENTRES
dc.subject
URBAN MIGRATION
dc.subject
URBAN WOMEN
dc.subject
VULNERABILITY
dc.subject
VULNERABLE CHILDREN
dc.subject
VULNERABLE GROUPS
dc.subject
WOMAN
dc.subject
YOUNG MEN
dc.subject
YOUNG PEOPLE
dc.subject
YOUNG WOMEN
dc.title
Kenya - HIV Prevention Response and Modes of Transmission Analysis
en
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Other Health Study
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333038_20090525031238
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333038_20090525031238
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
10592738
okr.identifier.report
48356
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2009/05/25/000333038_20090525031238/Rendered/PDF/483560SR0P1113101same0box101PUBLIC1.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.country
Kenya
okr.region.geographical
Sub-Saharan Africa
okr.region.geographical
East Africa
okr.sector
Health and other social services :: Health
okr.theme
Human development :: HIV/AIDS
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: HIV AIDS
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Adolescent Health
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Disease Control & Prevention
okr.topic
Private Sector Development :: HIV AIDS and Business
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population
okr.unit
Global HIV/AIDS Program (HDNGA)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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