Secondary Education in India : Universalizing Opportunity

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collection.link.12
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2113
collection.name.12
Other Education Study
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T17:23:03Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T17:23:03Z
dc.date.issued
2009-01-01
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:02:06Z
dc.description.abstract
The dramatic growth in Indian elementary education enrollment and improvements in retention and transition rates over the past ten years, particularly among more disadvantaged groups, are increasing pressure on the secondary level to absorb new entrants. Given ongoing center and state investments in Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (education for all), this trend will continue for the next 10 years. At the same time, India's impressive, sustained economic growth has increased household and labor market demand for secondary and higher education. Secondary education's contribution to economic growth, demonstrated high social benefits (particularly for girls), and support of democratic citizenship reinforce the need for increased public support at this level, particularly in light of the very large inequalities in access to secondary education, by income, gender, social group and geography. The challenge is to dramatically improve access, equity and quality of secondary education simultaneously. Small-scale learning achievement studies and parental preference for private schools suggest that the quality of public secondary education is alarmingly low. Efforts to improve the quality of secondary education are thus urgent, but medium to long-term in producing results. India needs to make the public qualitative investments now in teacher education and accountability, curriculum reform, quality assurance, examinations reform, national assessment capabilities and management information systems, which will require time and significant institutional capacity building to succeed at a national scale. The recently launched centrally sponsored scheme for secondary education, Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA), offers a strategic opportunity to improve access and equity; enhance quality, accountability and ability to measure learning outcomes; and promote standardization of curriculum and examinations across states. In addition, India's recent decision to participate in international assessments of student achievement is an extremely positive sign. Over time, such participation will provide an important objective baseline of students' cognitive skills and a future measure of success of the country's investments in elementary and secondary education.
en
dc.identifier
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333037_20090518002803
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/3041
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESS INEQUALITY
dc.subject
CURRICULUM REFORM
dc.subject
EDUCATION
dc.subject
EDUCATION FOR ALL
dc.subject
ENROLLMENT
dc.subject
INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY BUILDING
dc.subject
MEASURE OF SUCCESS
dc.subject
PRIVATE SCHOOLS
dc.subject
QUALITY ASSURANCE
dc.subject
RETENTION
dc.subject
STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT
dc.subject
TEACHER EDUCATION
dc.title
Secondary Education in India : Universalizing Opportunity
en
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Other Education Study
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333037_20090518002803
okr.globalpractice
Education
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333037_20090518002803
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
10567129
okr.identifier.report
48521
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2009/05/18/000333037_20090518002803/Rendered/PDF/485210v10SR0wh10Box338913B01PUBLIC1.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
South Asia
okr.region.country
India
okr.region.geographical
South Asia
okr.region.geographical
Asia
okr.sector
Education :: General education sector
okr.theme
Public expenditure
okr.theme
Public expenditure, financial management and procurement
okr.theme
Gender
okr.theme
Education for all
okr.theme
Social dev/gender/inclusion
okr.theme
Public sector governance
okr.theme
Human development
okr.topic
Education :: Education For All
okr.topic
Tertiary Education
okr.topic
Teaching and Learning
okr.topic
Education :: Access & Equity in Basic Education
okr.topic
Education :: Primary Education
okr.unit
S.A. Human Development Sector (SASHD)
okr.volume
1 of 2

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