China Forest Policy : Deepening the Transition, Broadening the Relationship

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collection.link.13
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2114
collection.name.13
Other Environmental Study
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T10:26:38Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T10:26:38Z
dc.date.issued
2010-05-01
dc.date.lastModified
2017-12-13T12:56:17Z
dc.description.abstract
A pattern of forest area loss followed by a period of reforestation is representative of the forest transition process. Forest transition has been observed in many countries and is a feature of the development process. China reached its inflection point earlier and faster than most other countries that have gone through the transition. The report describes the success of reforms to forest resource tenure in collective forest areas. These reforms, which collectively amount to the largest transfer of forest assets in history, have effectively extended forest ownership to a million, mostly poor, rural households. These reforms have increased forest-based incomes, have increased timber harvests, and have done so sustainably by virtue of increasing planting and forest management and resource protection effort. The World Bank work in China's forestry sector has been successful. However, the developments discussed in this report raise new opportunities and challenges. It is no longer clear, for example, that World Bank loans are especially important in relation to the financing of commercial plantations. While the Bank has begun to move its plantation financing to public goods, or ecological plantings, these are other opportunities. This report brings together findings from Bank-supported studies with experience gleaned from Bank support of over $1 billion in forestry projects. Chapter one introduces the contents and approach of the report. Chapter two summarizes key data and information of China's forest sector and resources. Chapter three presents findings on collective forest tenure reform and chapter four, potential forest supply. Chapter five concludes with findings to clarify choices and options available to the World Bank and China for moving ahead in forestry.
en
dc.identifier
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333038_20110706231035
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/2993
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
AFFORESTATION
dc.subject
AGRARIAN LAND REFORM
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL LAND
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL LANDS
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL SECTOR
dc.subject
AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
ALLOCATION OF LAND
dc.subject
AREA OF FOREST
dc.subject
BAMBOO
dc.subject
BARREN LAND
dc.subject
BASES
dc.subject
BIODIVERSITY
dc.subject
BIODIVERSITY VALUE
dc.subject
BIRD
dc.subject
BIRD MIGRATION
dc.subject
BREEDING
dc.subject
BURNING
dc.subject
CALCULATION
dc.subject
CANOPY
dc.subject
CARBON
dc.subject
CARBON SEQUESTRATION
dc.subject
CARBON SINK
dc.subject
CLEAR CUTTING
dc.subject
CLIMATE
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
COMMERCIAL FORESTS
dc.subject
COMMERCIAL LOGGING
dc.subject
COMMERCIALLY VALUABLE FORESTS
dc.subject
COMMUNITY FOREST
dc.subject
COMMUNITY FOREST MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
COMPENSATION PROGRAM
dc.subject
CONSERVATION
dc.subject
CULTIVATED AREA
dc.subject
CULTIVATED LAND
dc.subject
DEFORESTATION
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR TIMBER
dc.subject
DESERTIFICATION
dc.subject
DETERMINANTS
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT OF FORESTRY
dc.subject
DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGE
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL GOALS
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES
dc.subject
ETHNIC COMMUNITIES
dc.subject
EXTINCTION
dc.subject
FIELD SURVEY
dc.subject
FIRE PREVENTION
dc.subject
FOREST
dc.subject
FOREST AREA
dc.subject
FOREST AREAS
dc.subject
FOREST AUTHORITIES
dc.subject
FOREST BOUNDARY
dc.subject
FOREST CHANGE
dc.subject
FOREST CLEARING
dc.subject
FOREST COMMUNITIES
dc.subject
FOREST COVER
dc.subject
FOREST COVERAGE
dc.subject
FOREST DATA
dc.subject
FOREST DEGRADATION
dc.subject
FOREST DEPLETION
dc.subject
FOREST DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
FOREST ECOSYSTEM
dc.subject
FOREST ECOSYSTEMS
dc.subject
FOREST ENTERPRISES
dc.subject
FOREST FIRE
dc.subject
FOREST FIRES
dc.subject
FOREST GROWTH
dc.subject
FOREST HARVESTING
dc.subject
FOREST INDUSTRIES
dc.subject
FOREST INVENTORY
dc.subject
FOREST LAW
dc.subject
FOREST LOGGING
dc.subject
FOREST MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
FOREST MANAGEMENT PLAN
dc.subject
FOREST MANAGEMENT PLANS
dc.subject
FOREST OPERATIONS
dc.subject
FOREST OWNERS
dc.subject
FOREST OWNERSHIP
dc.subject
FOREST PEOPLES
dc.subject
FOREST PLANTATION
dc.subject
FOREST PLANTATIONS
dc.subject
FOREST PLOT
dc.subject
FOREST POLICIES
dc.subject
FOREST POLICY
dc.subject
FOREST PRODUCTION
dc.subject
FOREST PROPERTY
dc.subject
FOREST PROTECTION
dc.subject
FOREST REFORMS
dc.subject
FOREST REGULATIONS
dc.subject
FOREST RESOURCE
dc.subject
FOREST RESOURCES
dc.subject
FOREST RESTORATION
dc.subject
FOREST SECTOR GOVERNANCE
dc.subject
FOREST STOCK
dc.subject
FOREST STRUCTURE
dc.subject
FOREST SUPPLY
dc.subject
FOREST TRANSITION
dc.subject
FOREST TYPE
dc.subject
FOREST TYPES
dc.subject
FOREST USE
dc.subject
FORESTRY
dc.subject
FORESTRY ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
FORESTRY AGENCIES
dc.subject
FORESTRY INDUSTRIES
dc.subject
FORESTRY PLANNING
dc.subject
FORESTRY PROGRAMS
dc.subject
FORESTRY PROJECTS
dc.subject
FORESTRY SECTOR
dc.subject
FORESTRY STATISTICS
dc.subject
FORESTRY SUBSECTOR
dc.subject
FRESH WATER
dc.subject
GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
GLOBAL CARBON EMISSIONS
dc.subject
GLOBAL FOREST
dc.subject
GLOBAL FOREST RESOURCES
dc.subject
GLOBAL FOREST RESOURCES ASSESSMENT
dc.subject
GRASSLAND
dc.subject
INDUSTRIAL WOOD PRODUCTS
dc.subject
ISSUES
dc.subject
LAND AREA
dc.subject
LAND AREAS
dc.subject
LAND FOR AFFORESTATION
dc.subject
LAND LAW
dc.subject
LAND MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
LAND OWNERS
dc.subject
LAND OWNERSHIP
dc.subject
LAND RIGHTS
dc.subject
LAND TENURE
dc.subject
LAND USE
dc.subject
LAND VALUE
dc.subject
LAND-USE
dc.subject
LANDSCAPE
dc.subject
LIVESTOCK
dc.subject
LOGGING
dc.subject
LOGS
dc.subject
MANAGED FORESTS
dc.subject
MATURE FORESTS
dc.subject
MEDICINAL PLANTS
dc.subject
MOUNTAINS
dc.subject
NATIONAL FOREST
dc.subject
NATIONAL FOREST ESTATE
dc.subject
NATIONAL FOREST INVENTORY
dc.subject
NATIONAL FOREST POLICY
dc.subject
NATIONAL PARKS
dc.subject
NATURAL ECOSYSTEMS
dc.subject
NATURAL FOREST
dc.subject
NATURAL FORESTS
dc.subject
NATURE RESERVE
dc.subject
NATURE RESERVES
dc.subject
PASTURE
dc.subject
PLANT
dc.subject
PLANTATION FOREST
dc.subject
PLANTATION FORESTS
dc.subject
PLANTING
dc.subject
RAINFALL
dc.subject
RATES OF DEFORESTATION
dc.subject
REFORESTATION
dc.subject
REGENERATION
dc.subject
RIVER VALLEYS
dc.subject
SOIL EROSION
dc.subject
STATE FOREST
dc.subject
STATE FOREST ADMINISTRATION
dc.subject
STATE FOREST SECTOR
dc.subject
STATE FORESTRY
dc.subject
STATE FORESTRY ADMINISTRATION
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE FOREST
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF FOREST
dc.subject
TEMPERATURE
dc.subject
TIMBER
dc.subject
TIMBER FOREST
dc.subject
TIMBER FOREST PRODUCTS
dc.subject
TIMBER FORESTS
dc.subject
TIMBER HARVEST
dc.subject
TIMBER HARVESTING
dc.subject
TIMBER HARVESTS
dc.subject
TIMBER PLANTATIONS
dc.subject
TIMBER PRODUCTION
dc.subject
TIMBER SUPPLY
dc.subject
TOURISM
dc.subject
TREE
dc.subject
TREE PLANTING
dc.subject
TREE SPECIES
dc.subject
TREES
dc.subject
UNSUSTAINABLE LOGGING
dc.subject
USE OF FORESTS
dc.subject
VEGETATION
dc.subject
VILLAGE FOREST
dc.subject
VILLAGES
dc.subject
WEATHER
dc.subject
WILD ANIMALS
dc.subject
WILDLIFE
dc.subject
WILDLIFE PROTECTION
dc.subject
WOOD
dc.subject
WOOD PRODUCTS
dc.title
China Forest Policy : Deepening the Transition, Broadening the Relationship
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Climate Change
okr.date.disclosure
2011-07-07
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333038_20110706231035
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Agriculture
okr.globalpractice
Environment and Natural Resources
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333038_20110706231035
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
14509143
okr.identifier.report
63131
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2011/07/06/000333038_20110706231035/Rendered/PDF/631310ESW0ENGL0BOX361502B000PUBLIC0.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
East Asia and Pacific
okr.region.country
China
okr.region.geographical
East Asia
okr.region.geographical
Asia
okr.sector
Sub-national government administration
okr.sector
Forestry
okr.sector
Public Administration
okr.sector
Law
okr.sector
Public Administration, Law, and Justice
okr.sector
Agriculture
okr.sector
fishing
okr.sector
and forestry
okr.topic
Rural Development :: Forestry
okr.topic
Environment :: Climate Change Mitigation and Green House Gases
okr.topic
Environment :: Climate Change and Environment
okr.topic
Environment :: Wildlife Resources
okr.unit
China & Mongolia Sustainable Dev (EASCS)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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