Technical Paper

Air Pollution in Tehran : Health Costs, Sources, and Policies

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collection.link.267
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/18025
collection.name.267
Environment Department Papers
dc.contributor.author
Heger, Martin
dc.contributor.author
Sarraf, Maria
dc.date.accessioned
2018-06-19T20:00:00Z
dc.date.available
2018-06-19T20:00:00Z
dc.date.issued
2018-04
dc.date.lastModified
2021-05-25T09:14:54Z
dc.description.abstract
Tehran, the capital of the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI), is located in the north of the country with a population of about 8.5 million. The population can reach over 12.5 million during the day, with people from nearby cities commuting daily to Tehran for work. There are more than 17 million vehicular trips per day in Tehran, and many of the vehicles have outdated technology. Thus, the air in Tehran is amongst the most polluted in the world. Topography and climate add to the pollution problem. Tehran is at a high altitude and is surrounded by the Alborz Mountain Range, which traps polluted air. Temperature inversion, a phenomenon particularly occurring during the winter months, prevents the pollutants from being diluted. Several recent trends indicate that reducing air pollution will not be straight forward: rapid population growth (partially due to migration from other cities), industrial development, urbanization, and increasing fuel consumptionare pressure points for clean air in Tehran. To design an effective approach to air pollution management, it is important to diagnose the problem, determine its sources, and identify affordable and sustainable solutions. This discussion paper provides an overview of the seriousness of air pollution in the city of Tehran; quantifies its impact in terms of health and economic costs; identifies the sources of pollution; and, finally, provides a framework to addressthe problem.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/160681527012587818/Air-pollution-in-Tehran-health-costs-sources-and-policies
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/29909
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Environment and Natural Resources Global Practice Discussion Paper;No. 6
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
HEALTH IMPACT
dc.subject
MORTALITY
dc.subject
MORBIDITY
dc.subject
VEHICLE TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
EMISSIONS
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
FUEL QUALITY
dc.subject
SUBSIDIES
dc.title
Air Pollution in Tehran
en
dc.title.subtitle
Health Costs, Sources, and Policies
en
dc.type
Technical Paper
en
okr.crossref.title
Air Pollution in Tehran
okr.date.disclosure
2018-05-22
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/160681527012587818/Air-pollution-in-Tehran-health-costs-sources-and-policies
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/29909
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b085ae8fe4_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
29915451
okr.identifier.report
126402
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/160681527012587818/pdf/126402-NWP-PUBLIC-Tehran-WEB-updated.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Middle East and North Africa
okr.region.country
Iran, Islamic Republic of
okr.topic
Transport :: Transport Economics Policy & Planning
okr.topic
Environment :: Air Quality & Clean Air
okr.topic
Environment :: Brown Issues and Health
okr.topic
Environment :: Pollution Management & Control
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Environment and Health
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Transport in Urban Areas
okr.unit
Middle East and North Africa (GMTMN)

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