Unrealized Potential : The High Cost of Gender Inequality in Earnings

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collection.link.82
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2190
collection.name.82
Women in Development and Gender Study
dc.contributor.author
Wodon, Quentin T.
dc.contributor.author
de la Brière, Bénédicte
dc.date.accessioned
2018-05-30T13:23:08Z
dc.date.available
2018-05-30T13:23:08Z
dc.date.issued
2018-05-01
dc.description.abstract
This first note in the series on the cost of gender inequality focuses on the losses in national wealth due to gender inequality in earnings. There is a substantial literature on the impact of gender inequality on economic growth and performance. By focusing on wealth, the approach usedfor measurement in this note is different. Wealth is the assets base that enables countries to produce income Gross Domestic Product or GDP). A country’s wealth includes various types of capital. Produced capital comes from investments in assets such as factories, equipment, or infrastructure. Natural capital includes assets such as agricultural land and other renewable and non-renewable natural resources. However, the largest component of countries’ wealth typically resides in their people. As noted in the recent World Bank study on the Changing Wealth of Nations, human capital measured as the present value of the future earnings of the labor force accounts for two thirds of global wealth. If gender equality in earnings were achieved, countries could increase their human capital wealth, and thereby their total wealth substantially. This would enable them to strengthen the sustainability of their development path. Gender inequality has major economic implications forwomen, communities, and countries in a range of areas. While the cost of gender inequality – in terms of human capital losses - for development is not solely due to losses in earnings, the impact of gender inequality on earnings is key. This is the area on which this note focuses.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/29865
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
The Cost of Gender Inequality
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
GENDER INEQUALITY
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
EDUCATION
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
GENDER DISCRIMINATION
dc.subject
LABOR POLICY
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
LABOR SKILLS
dc.subject
FEMALE ENTREPRENEURS
dc.subject
SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES
dc.title
Unrealized Potential
en
dc.title.subtitle
The High Cost of Gender Inequality in Earnings
en
okr.date.disclosure
2018-05-30
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Women in Development and Gender Study
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/172021527258723053/Unrealized-potential-the-high-cost-of-gender-inequality-in-earnings
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b085b28309_2_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
29926177
okr.identifier.report
126579
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/172021527258723053/pdf/126579-Public-on-5-30-18-WorldBank-GenderInequality-Brief-v13.pdf
en
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Inequality
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Development
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.topic
Rural Development :: Rural Labor Markets
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Social Development
okr.unit
Global Themes Department- Gender (GTGDR)

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