Crime and Violence in Central America : A Development Challenge - Executive Summary

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collection.link.18
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2119
collection.name.18
Other Poverty Study
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T10:26:15Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T10:26:15Z
dc.date.issued
2010-09-01
dc.description.abstract
Crime and violence are now a key development issue for Central American countries. In three nations El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras crime rates are among the top five in Latin America. This report argues that successful strategies require actions along multiple fronts, combining prevention and criminal justice reform, together with regional approaches in the areas of drug trafficking and firearms. It also argues that interventions should be evidence based, starting with a clear understanding of the risk factors involved and ending with a careful evaluation of how any planned action might affect future options. In addition, the design of national crime reduction plans and the establishment of national cross-sectoral crime commissions are important steps to coordinate the actions of different government branches, ease cross-sectoral collaboration and prioritize resource allocation. Of equal importance is the fact that national plans offer a vehicle for the involvement of civil society organizations, in which much of the expertise in violence prevention and rehabilitation resides. Prevention efforts need to be complemented by effective law enforcement. The required reforms are no longer primarily legislative in nature because all six countries have advanced toward more transparent adversarial criminal procedures. The second-generation reforms should instead help deliver on the promises of previous reforms by: (i) strengthening key institutions and improving the quality and timeliness of the services they provide to citizens; (ii) improving efficiency and effectiveness while respecting due process and human rights; (iii) ensuring accountability and addressing corruption; (iv) increasing inter-agency collaboration; and (v) improving access to justice, especially for poor and disenfranchised groups. Specific interventions reviewed in the report include: information systems and performance indicators as a prerequisite to improve inter-institutional coordination and information sharing mechanisms; an internal overhaul of court administration and case management to create rapid reaction, one-stop shops; the strengthening of entities that provide legal counseling to the poor and to women; and the promotion of alternative dispute-resolution mechanisms and the implementation of community policing programs.
en
dc.identifier
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333038_20110419234611
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/2979
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCIDENT
dc.subject
ACCOUNTABILITY
dc.subject
ACCOUNTING
dc.subject
AGE AT MARRIAGE
dc.subject
AGED
dc.subject
ALCOHOL
dc.subject
ARMED CONFLICT
dc.subject
ASSAULT
dc.subject
ASSAULT RATE
dc.subject
ASSAULTS
dc.subject
ATTORNEYS
dc.subject
BRIBERY
dc.subject
BURGLARY
dc.subject
CASE MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
CIVIL SOCIETY
dc.subject
CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS
dc.subject
COCAINE
dc.subject
COERCION
dc.subject
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
CONFIDENCE
dc.subject
CORRUPTION
dc.subject
COURTS
dc.subject
CRIME
dc.subject
CRIME PREVENTION
dc.subject
CRIME PREVENTION MEASURES
dc.subject
CRIME RATES
dc.subject
CRIME REDUCTION
dc.subject
CRIME STATISTIC
dc.subject
CRIME STATISTICS
dc.subject
CRIME VICTIMIZATION
dc.subject
CRIME VICTIMS
dc.subject
CRIMES
dc.subject
CRIMINAL
dc.subject
CRIMINAL ACT
dc.subject
CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
CRIMINAL ACTIVITY
dc.subject
CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR
dc.subject
CRIMINAL CODES
dc.subject
CRIMINAL DEPORTEES
dc.subject
CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS
dc.subject
CRIMINAL JUSTICE
dc.subject
CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
dc.subject
CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEMS
dc.subject
CRIMINALS
dc.subject
DELINQUENCY
dc.subject
DEMOCRACIES
dc.subject
DEMOCRACY
dc.subject
DEPORTATION
dc.subject
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE
dc.subject
DRINKING
dc.subject
DRUG
dc.subject
DRUG ABUSE
dc.subject
DRUG ABUSE TREATMENT
dc.subject
DRUG TRADE
dc.subject
DRUG TRAFFICKERS
dc.subject
DRUG TRAFFICKING
dc.subject
DRUG USE
dc.subject
DRUGS
dc.subject
DUE PROCESS
dc.subject
EARLY CHILDHOOD
dc.subject
EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS
dc.subject
EXTORTION
dc.subject
FAMILIES
dc.subject
FIREARMS
dc.subject
FRAUD
dc.subject
GANG
dc.subject
GANG MEMBERS
dc.subject
GANGS
dc.subject
GUN
dc.subject
GUN INTERDICTION
dc.subject
GUN OWNERSHIP
dc.subject
GUN REGISTRIES
dc.subject
GUNS
dc.subject
HARM REDUCTION
dc.subject
HIGH CRIME
dc.subject
HIGH-RISK
dc.subject
HOMICIDE
dc.subject
HOMICIDE RATE
dc.subject
HOMICIDE RATES
dc.subject
HOMICIDES
dc.subject
HUMAN RIGHTS
dc.subject
INCARCERATED YOUTH
dc.subject
INITIATIVE
dc.subject
INJURIES
dc.subject
INJURY
dc.subject
INSECURITY
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL CRIME
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL EFFORTS
dc.subject
INTERVENTION
dc.subject
INTIMATE PARTNER
dc.subject
INVESTIGATION
dc.subject
IRON
dc.subject
JUDICIAL SYSTEM
dc.subject
JUDICIARY
dc.subject
JUVENILE JUSTICE
dc.subject
JUVENILE JUSTICE FACILITIES
dc.subject
KIDNAPPERS
dc.subject
KIDNAPPING
dc.subject
LAW ENFORCEMENT
dc.subject
LAWLESSNESS
dc.subject
LAWS
dc.subject
LEGAL FRAMEWORKS
dc.subject
LEGAL SYSTEMS
dc.subject
LEGISLATION
dc.subject
LEVELS OF CRIME
dc.subject
LYNCHING
dc.subject
MEDIA
dc.subject
MENTORING
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
MURDER
dc.subject
MURDER RATES
dc.subject
MURDERS
dc.subject
NARCOTICS
dc.subject
NARCOTICS CONTROL
dc.subject
NEEDS OF YOUTH
dc.subject
OFFENDERS
dc.subject
ORGANIZED CRIME
dc.subject
PARENTING
dc.subject
PENALTY
dc.subject
PERPETRATORS
dc.subject
PERPETRATORS OF VIOLENCE
dc.subject
POLICE
dc.subject
POLICE OFFICERS
dc.subject
POLITICAL WILL
dc.subject
PRE-TRIAL DETENTION
dc.subject
PREVENTION OF VIOLENCE
dc.subject
PRISON
dc.subject
PRISONS
dc.subject
PROPERTY CRIME
dc.subject
PROSECUTION
dc.subject
PROSECUTORS
dc.subject
PROSTITUTES
dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject
PUBLIC OFFICIALS
dc.subject
PUBLIC OPINION
dc.subject
RAPE
dc.subject
RATES OF CRIME
dc.subject
RISK FACTORS
dc.subject
ROBBERIES
dc.subject
ROBBERY
dc.subject
RULE OF LAW
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
SECURITY COSTS
dc.subject
SENTENCING
dc.subject
SEVERE VIOLENCE
dc.subject
SEX
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SEX INDUSTRY
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SEXUAL ABUSE
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SEXUAL ASSAULT
dc.subject
SEXUAL RELATIONSHIP
dc.subject
SEXUAL VIOLENCE
dc.subject
SLUM
dc.subject
SLUM UPGRADING
dc.subject
SLUM-UPGRADING
dc.subject
SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
SOCIAL ISOLATION
dc.subject
SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS
dc.subject
STREET VENDORS
dc.subject
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
TERRORISM
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THEFT
dc.subject
THEFTS
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TORTURE
dc.subject
TRAFFICKING
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TRANSPARENCY
dc.subject
TRIAL
dc.subject
VICTIMS
dc.subject
VICTIMS OF VIOLENCE
dc.subject
VIOLENCE
dc.subject
VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN
dc.subject
VIOLENCE PREVENTION
dc.subject
VIOLENT CONDUCT
dc.subject
VIOLENT CRIME
dc.subject
WAR
dc.subject
WEAPON
dc.subject
WEAPONS
dc.subject
YOUNG MEN
dc.subject
YOUTH
dc.subject
YOUTH ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
YOUTH GANGS
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YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT
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YOUTH VIOLENCE
dc.title
Crime and Violence in Central America : A Development Challenge - Executive Summary
en
dc.title.alternative
Crimen y violencia en Centroamerica : un desafio para el desarrollo
en
okr.date.disclosure
2011-04-20
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Other Poverty Study
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333038_20110419234611
okr.globalpractice
Social, Urban, Rural and Resilience
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.globalpractice
Governance
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333038_20110419234611
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
14081560
okr.identifier.report
56781
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2011/04/19/000333038_20110419234611/Rendered/PDF/567810P09570401white0cover01PUBLIC1.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.geographical
Central America
okr.sector
Sub-national government administration
okr.sector
General water
okr.sector
sanitation and flood protection sector
okr.sector
General transportation sector
okr.sector
General industry and trade sector
okr.sector
General energy sector
okr.sector
Public Administration
okr.sector
Law
okr.sector
Public Administration, Law, and Justice
okr.sector
Water
okr.sector
Water, sanitation and flood protection
okr.sector
Transportation
okr.sector
Industry and trade
okr.sector
Energy and mining
okr.topic
Social Development :: Crime and Society
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Adolescent Health
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Health Monitoring & Evaluation
okr.topic
Social Development :: Children and Youth
okr.topic
Public Sector Corruption and Anticorruption Measures
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population
okr.topic
Public Sector Development
okr.unit
Social Development (LCSSO)
okr.volume
2 of 2

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