Working Paper

Why Are So Many Water Points in Nigeria Non-Functional? : An Empirical Analysis of Contributing Factors

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Andres, Luis
dc.contributor.author
Chellaraj, Gnanaraj
dc.contributor.author
Das Gupta, Basab
dc.contributor.author
Grabinsky, Jonathan
dc.contributor.author
Joseph, George
dc.date.accessioned
2018-03-30T19:50:07Z
dc.date.available
2018-03-30T19:50:07Z
dc.date.issued
2018-03
dc.date.lastModified
2021-06-08T14:42:45Z
dc.description.abstract
This paper utilizes information from the 2015 Nigeria National Water and Sanitation Survey to identify the extent, timing, as well as reasons for the failure of water points. The paper finds that more than 38 percent of all improved water points are nonfunctional. The results indicate that nearly 27 percent of the water points are likely to fail in the first year of construction, while nearly 40 percent are likely to fail in the long run (after 8-10 years). The paper considers the reasons behind these failures, looking at whether they can or cannot be controlled. During the first year, a water point's location -- the political region and underlying hydrogeology -- has the greatest impact on functionality. Other factors—specifically, those that can be controlled in the design, implementation, and operational stages -- also contribute significantly. As water points age, their likelihood of failure is best predicted by factors that cannot be modified, as well as by the technology used. The paper concludes that, to improve the sustainability of water points, much can be done at the design, implementation, and operational stages. Over time, technology upgrades are important.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/363491522264585702/Why-are-so-many-water-points-in-Nigeria-non-functional-an-empirical-analysis-of-contributing-factors
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/29568
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 8388
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
WATER AND SANITATION
dc.subject
DRINKING WATER
dc.subject
RURAL WATER SUPPLY
dc.subject
ACCESS TO WATER
dc.subject
SAFE WATER SUPPLY
dc.title
Why Are So Many Water Points in Nigeria Non-Functional?
en
dc.title.subtitle
An Empirical Analysis of Contributing Factors
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.crossref.title
Why Are So Many Water Points in Nigeria Non-Functional? An Empirical Analysis of Contributing Factors
okr.date.disclosure
2018-03-28
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/363491522264585702/Why-are-so-many-water-points-in-Nigeria-non-functional-an-empirical-analysis-of-contributing-factors
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-8388
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b08582bec6_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
29761117
okr.identifier.report
WPS8388
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/363491522264585702/pdf/WPS8388.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.country
Nigeria
okr.statistics.dr
363491522264585702
okr.topic
Water Resources :: Rural Water
okr.topic
Water Supply and Sanitation :: Rural Water Supply and Sanitation
okr.topic
Water Supply and Sanitation :: Sanitation and Sewerage
okr.topic
Water Supply and Sanitation :: Water Supply and Sanitation Economics
okr.unit
Water Global Practice

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