Working Paper

Migrants, Towns, Poverty and Jobs : Insights from Tanzania

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Christiaensen, Luc
dc.contributor.author
De Weerdt, Joachim
dc.contributor.author
Ingelaere, Bert
dc.contributor.author
Kanbur, Ravi
dc.date.accessioned
2018-02-16T21:44:07Z
dc.date.available
2018-02-16T21:44:07Z
dc.date.issued
2018-02
dc.description.abstract
For a long time, the urbanization and development discourse has coincided with a focus on economic growth and big cities. Yet, much of the world's new urbanization is taking place in smaller urban entities (towns), and the composition of urbanization may well bear on the speed of poverty reduction. This paper reviews the latter question within the context of Tanzania. It starts from the observation that migration to towns contributed much more to poverty reduction than migration to cities because many more (poor) rural migrants ended up in Tanzania's towns than its cities, despite larger welfare gains from moving to the city. Drawing on the findings from a series of studies, looking at this from different angles (theoretical and empirical, quantitative and qualitative), the paper shows how towns are better at enabling the rural poor to access off-farm employment and exit poverty because they are more nearby. It concludes with a call for greater consideration of the role of towns in accelerating Africa's poverty reduction.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/613771518633294230/Migrants-towns-poverty-and-jobs-insights-from-Tanzania
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/29374
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 8340
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
URBANIZATION
dc.subject
SECONDARY TOWN
dc.subject
SECONDARY CITIES
dc.subject
JOBS
dc.subject
POVERTY
dc.subject
LIFE HISTORY
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.title
Migrants, Towns, Poverty and Jobs
en
dc.title.subtitle
Insights from Tanzania
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2018-02-14
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/613771518633294230/Migrants-towns-poverty-and-jobs-insights-from-Tanzania
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-8340
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b08567d587_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
29593904
okr.identifier.report
WPS8340
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/613771518633294230/pdf/WPS8340.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.country
Tanzania
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Employment and Shared Growth
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Migration and Development
okr.topic
Rural Development :: Rural Labor Markets
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Rural Urban Linkages
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Urban Economic Development
okr.unit
Social Protection and Labor Global Practice Group

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