Book

Jobs from Agriculture in Afghanistan

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collection.link.313
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/29311
collection.name.313
International Development in Focus
dc.contributor.author
Leao, Izabela
dc.contributor.author
Ahmed, Mansur
dc.contributor.author
Kar, Anuja
dc.date.accessioned
2018-02-05T16:37:04Z
dc.date.available
2018-02-05T16:37:04Z
dc.date.issued
2018-02-05
dc.description.abstract
The agriculture sector can play an important role in poverty reduction and sustained growth in Afghanistan, primarily through job creation, improved productivity, and inclusiveness. Using an 'agricultural jobs lens' and multidimensional approach, this report explores the sector’s direct and indirect roles in explaining the dynamics of rural employment. The report critically examines three dimensions. First, it evaluates the current jobs structure in rural areas and finds that rural jobs are concentrated in cereal agriculture, especially in wheat, which reflects why the returns from jobs in agriculture are low in Afghanistan. Second, it analyzes the inclusive nature of agriculture jobs for vulnerable groups such as women, youth, those who are landless, and the bottom 40 percent of income earners. The analysis finds that although agriculture jobs are inclusive, many women and youth participate as voluntary family workers because they are unable to access markets and/or find paid jobs in the nonfarm sector. Third, the report evaluates the role of public and private sector interventions in supporting job creation in agriculture. It was argued that interventions can work and that there is significant scope to scale them up. Overall, the report exhibits many insights about the state of Afghanistan's rural labor market and provides guidance for formulating effective job-creation policies for the rural population. The key recommendations provide a pathway to achieve sustained and inclusive job growth through diversification toward high-value crops and livestock, linking farmers to markets through continued investment in connectivity and rural infrastructure, a balanced development strategy for an enabling environment for farm and nonfarm sectors, and strengthening the private sector presence in agriculture and its linkage with the public sector to agribusiness. In tandem, it is important to improve the design structure of jobs measurement for rural jobs, especially jobs in agriculture tailored to sectoral context.
en
dc.identifier.isbn
978-1-4648-1265-1
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/29312
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
International Development in Focus;
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject
GENDER
dc.subject
POVERTY
dc.subject
ENTERPRENEURSHIP
dc.subject
JOBS
dc.subject
YOUTH
dc.subject
AGRIBUSINESS
dc.subject
LABOR
dc.subject
MONITORING AND EVALUATION
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
RURAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
CONNECTIVITY
dc.subject
FRAGILE STATES
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
RURAL EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
EMPOWERMENT
dc.subject
INEQUALITY
dc.title
Jobs from Agriculture in Afghanistan
en
dc.type
Book
en
okr.date.disclosure
2018-02-05
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-1-4648-1265-1
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
211265
okr.identifier.report
123158
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
sftp://107.21.26.223:22//sftp/production/okr_delivery/3811610/9781464812651.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
South Asia
okr.region.country
Afghanistan
okr.topic
Agriculture :: Agricultural Sector Economics
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Economics
okr.topic
Rural Development :: Rural Labor Markets
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Skills Development and Labor Force Training
okr.unit
GFA06

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