Working Paper

Moving Teachers to Malawi's Remote Communities : A Data-Driven Approach to Teacher Deployment

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
Asim, Salman
dc.contributor.author
Chimombo, Joseph
dc.contributor.author
Chugunov, Dmitry
dc.contributor.author
Gera, Ravinder
dc.date.accessioned
2017-11-30T22:31:37Z
dc.date.available
2017-11-30T22:31:37Z
dc.date.issued
2017-11
dc.date.lastModified
2021-06-08T14:42:47Z
dc.description.abstract
There are severe geographical disparities in pupil-teacher ratios (PTR) across Malawi, with most teachers concentrated near commercial centers and in rural schools with better amenities. Most of the variation in PTR is concentrated in small sub-district areas, suggesting a central role for micro-geographic factors in teacher distribution. Employing administrative data from several government sources, regression analysis reveals that school-level factors identified by teachers as desirable are closely associated with PTR, including access to roads, electricity, and water, and distance to the nearest trading center, suggesting a central role for teachers' interests in PTR variation. Political economy network mapping reveals that teachers leverage informal networks and political patronage to resist placement in remote schools, while administrative officials are unable to stand up to these formal and informal pressures, in part because of a lack of reliable databases and objective criteria for the allocation of teachers. This study curates a systematic database of the physical placement of all teachers in Malawi and links it with data on school facilities and geo-spatial coordinates of commercial centers. The study develops a consistent and objective measure of school remoteness, which can be applied to develop policies to create rules for equitable deployments and targeting of incentives. Growing awareness of disparities in PTRs among district education officials is already showing promising improvements in targeting of new teachers. Simulation results of planned policy applications show significant potential impacts of fiscally-neutral approaches to targeted deployments of new cohorts, as well as retention of teachers through data-calibrated incentives.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/286131511361864175/Moving-teachers-to-Malawis-remote-communities-a-data-driven-approach-to-teacher-deployment
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/28914
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 8253
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
RURAL SCHOOLS
dc.subject
REMOTE COMMUNITIES
dc.subject
TEACHER DEPLOYMENT
dc.subject
POLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
PUPIL-TEACHER RATIOS
dc.subject
EDUCATION MANAGEMENT
dc.title
Moving Teachers to Malawi's Remote Communities
en
dc.title.subtitle
A Data-Driven Approach to Teacher Deployment
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.crossref.title
Moving Teachers to Malawi's Remote Communities: A Data-Driven Approach to Teacher Deployment
okr.date.disclosure
2017-11-22
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/286131511361864175/Moving-teachers-to-Malawis-remote-communities-a-data-driven-approach-to-teacher-deployment
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-8253
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b085398c83_3_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
28276186
okr.identifier.report
WPS8253
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/286131511361864175/pdf/WPS8253.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.country
Malawi
okr.statistics.dr
286131511361864175
okr.topic
Education :: Education For All
okr.topic
Education :: Education Reform and Management
okr.topic
Education :: Educational Institutions & Facilities
okr.topic
Education :: Effective Schools and Teachers
okr.topic
Rural Development :: Rural Communities
okr.topic
Rural Development :: Rural Education
okr.unit
Education Global Practice Group

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