Book

Getting to Work : Unlocking Women's Potential in Sri Lanka's Labor Force

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collection.link.38
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2146
collection.name.38
Directions in Development
dc.contributor.author
Solotaroff, Jennifer L.
dc.contributor.author
Joseph, George
dc.contributor.author
Kuriakose, Anne
dc.date.accessioned
2017-11-06T16:59:38Z
dc.date.available
2017-11-06T16:59:38Z
dc.date.issued
2018
dc.description.abstract
Sri Lanka has shown remarkable persistence in low female labor force participation rates—at 36 percent in the past two years, compared with 75 percent for same-aged men—despite overall economic growth and poverty reduction over the past decade. The trend stands in contrast to the country’s achievements in human capital development that favor women, such as high levels of female education and low total fertility rates, as well as its status as a lower-middle-income country. This study intends to better understand the puzzle of women’s poor labor market outcomes in Sri Lanka. Using nationally representative secondary survey data—as well as primary qualitative and quantitative research—it tests three hypotheses that would explain gender gaps in labor market outcomes: (1) household roles and responsibilities, which fall disproportionately on women, and the associated sociophysical constraints on women’s mobility; (2) a human capital mismatch, whereby women are not acquiring the proper skills demanded by job markets; and (3) gender discrimination in job search, hiring, and promotion processes. Further, the analysis provides a comparison of women’s experience of the labor market between the years leading up to the end of Sri Lanka’s civil war (2006–09) and the years following the civil war (2010–15). The study recommends priority areas for addressing the multiple supply- and demand-side factors to improve women’s labor force participation rates and reduce other gender gaps in labor market outcomes. It also offers specific recommendations for improving women’s participation in the five private sector industries covered by the primary research: commercial agriculture, garments, tourism, information and communications technology, and tea estate work. The findings are intended to influence policy makers, educators, and employment program practitioners with a stake in helping Sri Lanka achieve its vision of inclusive and sustainable job creation and economic growth. The study also aims to contribute to the work of research institutions and civil society in identifying the most effective means of engaging more women—and their untapped potential for labor, innovation, and productivity—in Sri Lanka’s future.
en
dc.identifier.isbn
978-1-4648-1067-1
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/28660
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
Washington, DC: World Bank
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Directions in Development—Countries and Regions;
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
GENDER
dc.subject
WOMEN
dc.subject
FEMALE
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
SOCIAL NORMS
dc.subject
GENDER NORMS
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
VOCATIONAL TRAINING
dc.subject
SKILLS TRAINING
dc.subject
ICT
dc.subject
INFORMATION COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY
dc.subject
COMMERCIAL AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
GARMENT SECTOR
dc.subject
TOURISM
dc.subject
GENDER GAP
dc.subject
DISCRIMINATION
dc.title
Getting to Work
en
dc.title.subtitle
Unlocking Women's Potential in Sri Lanka's Labor Force
en
dc.type
Book
en
okr.date.disclosure
2018-01-26
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Publication
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/978-1-4648-1067-1
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
211067
okr.imported
true
en
okr.language.supported
en
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Economic Policy
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Economics
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Inequality
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Employment and Unemployment
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Markets
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
okr.unit
GSU06

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