Report

The Distributional Consequences of Increasing Tobacco Taxes on Colombia’s Health and Finances : An Extended Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

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collection.link.18
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2119
collection.name.18
Other Poverty Study
dc.contributor.author
James, Erin
dc.contributor.author
Saxena, Akshar
dc.contributor.author
Franco Restrepo, Camila
dc.contributor.author
Llorente, Blanca
dc.contributor.author
Vecino Ortiz, Andrés
dc.contributor.author
Villar Uribe, Manuela
dc.contributor.author
Iunes, Roberto F.
dc.contributor.author
Verguet, Stéphane
dc.date.accessioned
2017-10-26T22:30:17Z
dc.date.available
2017-10-26T22:30:17Z
dc.date.issued
2017
dc.description.abstract
Since 2008, when Colombia ratified the Framework Convention for Tobacco Control, available evidence of the impact of tobacco consumption, its health effects, and low tax revenues resulting from low tobacco taxation and prices had grown. By 2015, Colombia’s cigarette prices stood higher than only one other country in the region, and smoking had become the second leading modifiable risk factor for premature mortality. At that time, reduced fiscal revenues resulting from a sharp drop in oil prices, accompanied by growing demand for government spending arising partly from a change in legislation that increased health benefits for the lower socioeconomic population, led to a call for tax reform. The preparation of the document was accompanied by technical training, studies, and public fora with national and international experts, civil society, and academia presenting evidences and arguing for increased taxation to lead to a reduction in tobacco consumption and, in the future, a reduction in costs to the health system. The fora and open dialogue helped align strategies of the Ministry of Health and Social Protection, and the Ministry of Finance in presenting the reform to Congress for approval with a larger academic and civil society support for this measure. In December 2016, resulting from the above-mentioned efforts, Colombia passed a major tax increase on tobacco products with the goal of decreasing smoking and improving population health. While tobacco taxes are known to be highly effective in reducing the prevalence of smoking, they are often criticized as being regressive in consumption. This analysis attempts to assess the distributional impact (across income quintiles) of the new tax on selected health and financial outcomes.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/28598
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
TOBACCO
dc.subject
TAXES
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPACT
dc.subject
TOBACCO TAX
dc.subject
TOBACCO CONTROL
dc.subject
HEALTH POLICY
dc.subject
TAXATION
dc.subject
POVERTY
dc.subject
INEQUALITY
dc.title
The Distributional Consequences of Increasing Tobacco Taxes on Colombia’s Health and Finances
en
dc.title.subtitle
An Extended Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
en
dc.type
Report
en
okr.date.disclosure
2017-10-03
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Other Poverty Study
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/463121507058748037/The-distributional-consequences-of-increasing-tobacco-taxes-on-Colombia-s-health-and-finances-An-extended-cost-effectiveness-analysis
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b08504d9af_2_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
28024676
okr.identifier.report
120180
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/463121507058748037/pdf/120180-WP-P154568-Colombia-PUBLIC.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Latin America & Caribbean
okr.region.country
Colombia
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Public Health Promotion
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Tobacco Use and Control
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Taxation & Subsidies
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Inequality
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Poverty Impact Evaluation
okr.unit
HNP ECA Region (GHN03)

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