Report

Mobile Metropolises : Urban Transport Matters

Show simple item record

collection.link.25
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2132
collection.name.25
IEG Independent Evaluations & Annual Reviews
dc.contributor.author
Independent Evaluation Group
dc.date.accessioned
2017-10-06T20:11:38Z
dc.date.available
2017-10-06T20:11:38Z
dc.date.issued
2017-05-24
dc.description.abstract
The evaluation exercise focuses on three themes that cut across strategies and project designs during FY07–16: mobility for all (including the poor, women, and persons with disabilities), sustainable service delivery, and institutional development. In spite of the pressing need arising from rapid urbanization, Africa has a declining urban transport portfolio that in the second half of the review period (FY12–06) focused increasingly on urban roads. Upper-middle-income countries represent 43 percent of the evaluation portfolio commitments.Overall, the World Bank Group has been effective in supporting improved service quality and increased access, but approaches based on increasing infrastructure capacity are not balanced with approaches based on demand management. Among disadvantaged groups the poor received the most support. Much less attention was paid to the special needs of women and disabled persons.Affordability of urban transport services is rarely analyzed in the World Bank Group’s projects, with unknown impact on the mobility of the disadvantaged. Financial sustainability remains a challenge for the provision of public transport services. Financing gaps between revenues and operation and maintenance costs are common. The World Bank is often optimistic in appraising the costs, timing, and financial viability of mass transit projects.Efforts to engage the private sector to achieve operational efficiencies and improved financing seldom combine the policy and institutional strengths of the World Bank with transactional strengths of the International Finance Corporation and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency.The World Bank Group has achieved localized environmental mitigation benefits along key urban transit corridors or systems, but broader environmental benefits could be still be achieved by using a comprehensive approach that combines upstream (policy and sector framework) and downstream (operational) measures.Weak institutional capacity and coordination remains a critical challenge in the urban transport sector. Institutional development support is a part of 80 percent of World Bank Group projects, yet these often focus on a single local body during a one-time project. Longer-term and more ambitious institutional reform engagements occurred in only a few cities.The World Bank Group’s contribution to urban transport development goes beyond projects. Investments often provide a platform for the World Bank Group to offer guidance, training, technical assistance, and learning throughout the project cycle, South-South learning and exchange, and good practices for demonstration to sector stakeholders and further adoption.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/28476
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
TRANSPORT
dc.subject
SPECIAL NEEDS
dc.subject
DISABLED
dc.subject
INSTITUTIONAL STRENGTHS
dc.subject
INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY
dc.subject
URBAN TRANSPORT
dc.subject
MOBILITY
dc.subject
SUSTAINABILITY
dc.title
Mobile Metropolises
en
dc.title.subtitle
Urban Transport Matters
en
dc.type
Report
en
okr.date.disclosure
2017-09-28
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/309551506621356068/Mobile-metropolises-urban-transport-matters-an-IEG-evaluation-of-the-World-Bank-Group-s-support-for-urban-transport
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b08502c61f_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
28015674
okr.identifier.report
120110
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/309551506621356068/pdf/120110-WP-PUBLIC.pdf
en
okr.topic
Transport :: Transport Economics Policy & Planning
okr.topic
Environment :: Air Quality & Clean Air
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Transport in Urban Areas
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Urban Economic Development
okr.unit
IEG Sustainable Development (IEGSD)

Show simple item record



This item appears in the following Collection(s)