Working Paper

Child Schooling and Child Work in the Presence of a Partial Education Subsidy

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collection.link.5
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/9
collection.name.5
Policy Research Working Papers
dc.contributor.author
de Hoop, Jacobus
dc.contributor.author
Friedman, Jed
dc.contributor.author
Kandpal, Eeshani
dc.contributor.author
Rosati, Furio
dc.date.accessioned
2017-09-21T17:00:25Z
dc.date.available
2017-09-21T17:00:25Z
dc.date.issued
2017-09
dc.date.lastModified
2021-06-08T14:42:48Z
dc.description.abstract
Could a partial subsidy for child education increase children's participation in paid work? In contrast to much of the theoretical and empirical child labor literature, this paper shows that child work and school participation can be complements under certain conditions. Using data from the randomized evaluation of a conditional cash transfer program in the Philippines, the analysis finds that some children, who were in neither school nor work before the program, increased participation in school and work-for-pay after the program. Earlier cash transfer programs, notably those in Mexico, Brazil, and Ecuador, increased school attendance while reducing child labor. Those programs fully offset schooling costs, while the transfers under the Philippine transfers fall short of the full costs of schooling for a typical child. As a result, some beneficiary children from poor Philippine households increased work to support their schooling. The additional earnings from this work represent a substantive share of the shortfall in the schooling costs net of transfer. The paper rules out several potential alternative explanations for the increase in child labor, including changes in household productive activities, adult labor supply, and household expenditure patterns that, in principle, can arise after a cash transfer and may also affect the supply of or demand for child labor.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/501961504719564270/Child-schooling-and-child-work-in-the-presence-of-a-partial-education-subsidy
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/28359
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Policy Research Working Paper;No. 8182
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
EDUCATION
dc.subject
CASH TRANSFERS
dc.subject
CHILD LABOR
dc.subject
SCHOOLING COSTS
dc.title
Child Schooling and Child Work in the Presence of a Partial Education Subsidy
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.crossref.title
Child Schooling and Child Work in the Presence of a Partial Education Subsidy
okr.date.disclosure
2017-09-06
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/501961504719564270/Child-schooling-and-child-work-in-the-presence-of-a-partial-education-subsidy
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.doi
10.1596/1813-9450-8182
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b084f67d68_1_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
27960252
okr.identifier.report
WPS8182
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/501961504719564270/pdf/WPS8182.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
East Asia and Pacific
okr.region.country
Philippines
okr.statistics.dr
501961504719564270
okr.topic
Education :: Access & Equity in Basic Education
okr.topic
Education :: Education Finance
okr.topic
Education :: Education For All
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Child Labor
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Safety Nets and Transfers
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Social Protections & Assistance
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Inequality
okr.unit
Poverty and Inequality Team, Development Research Group

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