Report

Nepal : Sources of Growth in Agriculture for Poverty Reduction and Shared Prosperity

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collection.link.91
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2199
collection.name.91
Other Agriculture Study
dc.contributor.author
World Bank Group
dc.date.accessioned
2017-09-13T19:42:58Z
dc.date.available
2017-09-13T19:42:58Z
dc.date.issued
2016-12-01
dc.description.abstract
Agriculture contributes about 35 percent to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of Nepal. But growth in the sector has been quite volatile in the last decade, tothe extent that the lowest and highest growth rates were recorded in consecutive years. Nepal agriculture is characterized by relatively low yields compared to neighboring countries. Furthermore,land is disproportionately allocated to grain staples (rice, maize, wheat, millet, barley, and buckwheat),despite fruits and vegetables showing relatively higher yields and higher growth in consumption. A proper understanding of the sources of agriculture growth would help identify what kind of agriculture offers most potential to further reduce poverty and boost shared prosperity.Nepal is increasingly becoming a net importer of food, both in high value foods such asfruits and vegetables as well as staples such as rice, potatoes, and maize. Expanding exports would require investments in infrastructure and a conducive regulatory environment to certify that products from Nepal achieve the various Sanitary and Phyto-sanitary standards of foreign markets. The main objective of this report is to identify policy and investment priorities to stimulate agricultural growth for poverty reduction and shared prosperity. The study ultimately seeks to inform strategic dialogue between Government of Nepal and the World Bank Group towards investments inagriculture and supporting sectors. The report provides building blocks to identify policy andinvestments priorities. After a brief Introduction, Chapter 2 examines the main drivers of agriculturefor poverty reduction and shared prosperity. The key issues addressed are drivers of agricultural income, drivers of total factor productivity growth, emerging patterns of diversification, degree of mechanization, and constraints to investments in the sector. Chapter 3 examines the effects of public expenditures in fertilizer and seed distribution programs, paying specific attention to effects on: supply of fertilizers, fertilizer application rates, retail prices, private sector participation, performance of the distribution chain, relative access between various categories of farmers, and consistency of the program with inequalities in the distribution of poverty and food and nutritional security. Chapter 4 generates lessons on policy and investments to expand exports. Chapter 5 generates lessons on policy and investments to substitute imports. Chapter 6 provides overall recommendations for policy and investments priorities, while distinguishing between actions needed to stimulate broad-based productivity growth with actions need for export promotion and import substitution.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/28333
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject
SHARED PROSPERITY
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
DIVERSIFICATION
dc.subject
MECHANIZATION
dc.subject
PUBLIC EXPENDITURE
dc.subject
FERTILIZERS
dc.subject
SEED SUBSIDIES
dc.subject
EXPORT COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject
VALUE CHAIN
dc.title
Nepal
en
dc.title.subtitle
Sources of Growth in Agriculture for Poverty Reduction and Shared Prosperity
dc.type
Report
okr.date.disclosure
2017-07-12
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agriculture Study
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/464681499870177588/Nepal-Sources-of-Growth-in-Agriculture-for-Poverty-Reduction-and-Shared-Prosperity
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
090224b084dc3715_9_0
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
26537147
okr.identifier.report
ACS18679
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/464681499870177588/pdf/ACS18679-REVISED-Final-Report-Nepal-Sources-of-Growth-in-Agriculture-for-Poverty-Redu.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
South Asia
okr.region.country
Nepal
okr.sector
Agriculture, fishing, and forestry
okr.topic
Agriculture :: Agricultural Sector Economics
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Achieving Shared Growth
okr.topic
Poverty Reduction :: Rural Poverty Reduction
okr.topic
Public Sector Development :: Public Sector Expenditure Policy
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Export Competitiveness
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Trade and Agriculture
okr.unit
Food and Agriculture, South Asia

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