Making the Grade : Smallholder Farmers, Emerging Standards, and Development Assistance Programs in Africa - A Research Program Synthesis

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collection.link.91
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2199
collection.name.91
Other Agriculture Study
dc.contributor.author
Jaffee, Steven
dc.contributor.author
Henson, Spencer
dc.contributor.author
Diaz Rios, Luz
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T10:14:26Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T10:14:26Z
dc.date.issued
2011-06-01
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:02:04Z
dc.description.abstract
Market access has been identified as one of the foremost factors influencing the performance of small-scale producers in developing countries, and in particular least-developed countries. Smallholder access to markets for higher-value or differentiated agricultural and food products (hereafter HVAF) is recognized as a vital opportunity to enhance and diversify the livelihoods of lower-income farm households and reduce rural poverty more generally (World Bank 2007a). Smallholder participation in HVAF markets is typically constrained by inadequate farm-level resources, farm-to-market logistical bottlenecks, and more general transaction costs in matching and aggregating dispersed supplies to meet buyer and consumer demand. These traditional constraints have been amplified and, in some cases, surpassed by a new set of challenges associated with compliance with product and process standards, set and enforced by governments as well as private supply-chain leaders. In the face of emerging challenges and opportunities associated with standards and serving HVAF markets, many development agencies, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), government agencies, and private companies have implemented measures to level the playing field, strengthen specific technical or institutional capacities, or otherwise act to facilitate smallholder compliance with standards and continued or increased participation in HVAF supply chains. Such investment, cost-sharing, capacity-building, or capacity-bridging activities have expanded considerably in recent years, especially in SSA. These initiatives have taken varied forms and involved various entry points. Many initiatives have been bottom-up, focusing on smallholder (group) capacities for production, collective action, standards compliance, and so forth; others have been top-down, seeking to better link farmers to remunerative markets through the efforts and enhanced capacities of lead firms; and others have opted for intermediary models, with donors and NGOs assuming critical supply-chain functions. Still other interventions have focused outside of specific value chains, seeking to strengthen the overall enabling environment and support services for HVAF more generally. Relatively little of this expanding field of development assistance has been formally evaluated to consider its cost-effectiveness and impacts. Nevertheless, there are evident signs of learning and adjustment within the development community regarding the strengths, limitations, and pitfalls of various approaches and, relatively recently, some efforts to begin to share these lessons and to better coordinate development assistance in this field.
en
dc.identifier
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333037_20120215233328
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/2823
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESS TO MARKETS
dc.subject
ADVISERS
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL SERVICES
dc.subject
AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
BREWERIES
dc.subject
BREWING
dc.subject
CAPACITY BUILDING
dc.subject
COFFEE INDUSTRY
dc.subject
COLLECTIVE ACTION
dc.subject
COMMERCIALIZATION
dc.subject
COMMON MARKET
dc.subject
COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
dc.subject
COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject
CONSUMERS
dc.subject
CROP DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
DAIRY
dc.subject
DAIRY DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT AGENCIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT AGENCY
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS
dc.subject
DOMESTIC MARKET
dc.subject
DOMESTIC MARKETS
dc.subject
DRIVERS
dc.subject
ECONOMETRIC ANALYSES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC COOPERATION
dc.subject
EMERGING MARKETS
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
EXPORT MARKETING
dc.subject
EXPORT MARKETS
dc.subject
EXPORTS
dc.subject
FAIR
dc.subject
FAIR TRADE
dc.subject
FINANCIAL SECTOR
dc.subject
FOOD ADDITIVES
dc.subject
FOOD CHAINS
dc.subject
FOOD MARKETS
dc.subject
FOOD POLICY
dc.subject
FOOD POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
FOOD PRODUCTS
dc.subject
FOOD SAFETY
dc.subject
FOOD STANDARDS
dc.subject
FOOD SUPPLY
dc.subject
FRUIT
dc.subject
GAUGE
dc.subject
GROUNDNUT
dc.subject
GROUNDNUTS
dc.subject
HAZARD
dc.subject
HONEY
dc.subject
HYGIENE
dc.subject
IFPRI
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INSURANCE
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL FOOD POLICY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MARKETS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
ITC
dc.subject
LABELLING
dc.subject
LABOR ORGANIZATION
dc.subject
LAMB
dc.subject
MARKET ACCESS
dc.subject
MARKET DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
MARKET INTEGRATION
dc.subject
MARKET PENETRATION
dc.subject
MARKET POWER
dc.subject
MARKET SEGMENTS
dc.subject
OUTPUTS
dc.subject
PACKING
dc.subject
PESTICIDE
dc.subject
PRICE ADVANTAGE
dc.subject
PRODUCT MARKETS
dc.subject
PRODUCT QUALITY
dc.subject
PRODUCTION PROCESS
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
RETAIL
dc.subject
RETAIL INDUSTRY
dc.subject
RETAILING
dc.subject
SAFETY
dc.subject
SAFETY STANDARDS
dc.subject
SERVICE MARKET
dc.subject
SMALLHOLDER AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
SPICES
dc.subject
SPREAD
dc.subject
SUBSTITUTE
dc.subject
SUPERMARKET
dc.subject
SUPERMARKETS
dc.subject
SUPPLIER
dc.subject
SUPPLIERS
dc.subject
SUPPLY CHAIN
dc.subject
SUPPLY CHAINS
dc.subject
SUPPLY COSTS
dc.subject
TEA
dc.subject
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
TRADE FAIR
dc.subject
TURNOVER
dc.subject
VANILLA
dc.subject
VEGETABLES
dc.subject
WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION
dc.subject
WTO
dc.title
Making the Grade : Smallholder Farmers, Emerging Standards, and Development Assistance Programs in Africa - A Research Program Synthesis
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
okr.date.disclosure
2012-02-15
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Other Agricultural Study
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333037_20120215233328
okr.globalpractice
Agriculture
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Social Protection and Labor
okr.globalpractice
Trade and Competitiveness
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Trade and Competitiveness
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333037_20120215233328
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
15808173
okr.identifier.report
62324
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2012/02/15/000333037_20120215233328/Rendered/PDF/623240SR0White0W110Making0the0Grade.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.sector
Crops
okr.sector
Animal production
okr.sector
Agro-industry
okr.sector
marketing
okr.sector
and trade
okr.sector
Agriculture
okr.sector
fishing
okr.sector
and forestry
okr.sector
Industry and trade
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Access to Markets
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
okr.topic
Industry :: Food & Beverage Industry
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Markets and Market Access
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Economic Theory & Research
okr.unit
Agriculture & Rural Dvmnt (ARD)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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