Emerging Europe and Central Asia - Opportunities for men and women

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collection.link.18
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2119
collection.name.18
Other Poverty Study
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T10:14:21Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T10:14:21Z
dc.date.issued
2011-12-06
dc.description.abstract
Europe and Central Asia have suffered a setback in economic growth because of the recent global crisis, which revealed fundamental structural weaknesses previously hidden by the prosperity before the crisis. The major weaknesses are the large savings deficits, the lagging reforms in the social sectors, and the deterioration in competitiveness. Policies can address these weaknesses by taking into account the role of the behavior of firms, public spending on health and education, the consequences of demographic pressures, particularly on pension systems, and the bottlenecks created by skilled labor force shortages. This report reviews the performance of women and men during the past decade in three spheres: human capital, labor markets, and entrepreneurship. Similar to World Development Report 2012 (World Bank 2011a), it looks at the dimensions of endowments and economic opportunities. However, it does not cover issues related to agency, that is, the ability of actors to make independent choices and exercise control over their own actions. The data are analyzed to determine whether women and men are performing well compared with each other, but also how they fare in a global context. The analysis is primarily quantitative and mines various data sets. This is strength of the report because a quantitative analysis can add value by providing some measure of the degree of differences in the outcomes observed. Yet, it is a weakness as well because the outcomes are measured, but not always explained. Consequently, more work is needed in this area, especially qualitative analysis that is followed up by targeted quantitative surveys.
en
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/2820
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
World Bank
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ABORTION
dc.subject
ACCESS TO EDUCATION
dc.subject
ACCESS TO JOBS
dc.subject
ADOLESCENT FERTILITY
dc.subject
ADULT MEN
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ADULT MORTALITY
dc.subject
ALCOHOL ABUSE
dc.subject
ALCOHOLISM
dc.subject
BABY
dc.subject
CANCER
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CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
dc.subject
CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES
dc.subject
CAUSES OF DEATH
dc.subject
CHANGES IN FERTILITY
dc.subject
CHILD CARE
dc.subject
CHILD HEALTH
dc.subject
CHILD-CARE
dc.subject
CHILDBIRTH
dc.subject
CITIZENS
dc.subject
DECLINE IN FERTILITY
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHERS
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC PRESSURES
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION
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DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS
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DEPENDENCY RATIO
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
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DEVELOPMENT OF POLICIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT PLANS
dc.subject
DISABILITY
dc.subject
DISCRIMINATION
dc.subject
DISEASES
dc.subject
DRUG ABUSE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
EDUCATED WOMEN
dc.subject
EDUCATION SYSTEMS
dc.subject
ELDERLY
dc.subject
ELDERLY PEOPLE
dc.subject
ELDERLY PERSONS
dc.subject
ELDERLY POPULATION
dc.subject
ELDERLY WOMEN
dc.subject
EMERGENCY CARE
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN
dc.subject
EQUAL OPPORTUNITY
dc.subject
EQUAL TREATMENT
dc.subject
EQUAL TREATMENT OF WOMEN
dc.subject
FAMILY MEMBERS
dc.subject
FAMILY POLICIES
dc.subject
FAMILY WORK
dc.subject
FEMALE EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
FEMALE LABOR
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FEMALE LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
FEMALE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
FEMALE LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.subject
FEMALE MORTALITY
dc.subject
FEMALE POPULATION
dc.subject
FERTILITY
dc.subject
FERTILITY RATE
dc.subject
FERTILITY RATES
dc.subject
FEWER CHILDREN
dc.subject
FIRST BIRTH
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FORMS OF CONTRACEPTION
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FREEDOM OF CHOICE
dc.subject
GENDER
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GENDER ACTION
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GENDER BIAS
dc.subject
GENDER DIFFERENCES
dc.subject
GENDER DISPARITIES
dc.subject
GENDER EQUALITY
dc.subject
GENDER GAP
dc.subject
GENDER GAP IN EDUCATION
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GENDER GAP IN PRIMARY
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GENDER GAPS
dc.subject
GENDER GAPS IN LITERACY
dc.subject
GENDER IMBALANCE
dc.subject
GENDER IMBALANCES
dc.subject
GENDER INEQUALITIES
dc.subject
GENDER ISSUES
dc.subject
GENDER NEUTRAL
dc.subject
GENDER PARITY
dc.subject
GENDER PERSPECTIVE
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT SUPPORT
dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject
GROSS NATIONAL INCOME
dc.subject
GROWING HEALTH CRISIS
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE SERVICES
dc.subject
HEALTH PROBLEMS
dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
HEALTH SYSTEM
dc.subject
HIGH DEATH RATES
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD CHORES
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD LEVEL
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
HUMAN RESOURCES
dc.subject
ILL HEALTH
dc.subject
ILLITERACY
dc.subject
INEQUALITY
dc.subject
INFANT
dc.subject
INFANT MORTALITY
dc.subject
INFANT MORTALITY RATE
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INFANT MORTALITY RATES
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INFORMATION CAMPAIGNS
dc.subject
INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY
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INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK
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INSTITUTIONAL SUPPORT
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INVESTMENT IN EDUCATION
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
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LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
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LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LAND OWNERSHIP
dc.subject
LARGE FAMILIES
dc.subject
LEVELS OF MORTALITY
dc.subject
LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.subject
LIFE SPANS
dc.subject
LIFELONG LEARNING
dc.subject
LIFESTYLES
dc.subject
LITERACY RATES
dc.subject
LIVE BIRTHS
dc.subject
LONGER LIFE
dc.subject
LOW FERTILITY
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LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES
dc.subject
MALE MORTALITY
dc.subject
MALE PARTICIPATION
dc.subject
MARKET ECONOMY
dc.subject
MATERNAL MORTALITY
dc.subject
MATERNAL MORTALITY RATE
dc.subject
MATERNAL MORTALITY RATES
dc.subject
MATERNITY LEAVE
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MIGRATION
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MINORITY
dc.subject
MORTALITY
dc.subject
MORTALITY RATE
dc.subject
NATIONAL LEVEL
dc.subject
NATIONAL SECURITY
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NUMBER OF CHILDREN
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NUMBER OF DEATHS
dc.subject
NUMBER OF PERSONS
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NUMBER OF WOMEN
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OLD AGE
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OLDER WOMEN
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OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN
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PARENTAL LEAVE
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PENSIONS
dc.subject
POLICY FRAMEWORK
dc.subject
POLICY IMPLICATIONS
dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
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POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
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POLICY RESPONSE
dc.subject
POOR GIRLS
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POOR HEALTH
dc.subject
POPULATION EXPLOSION
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POPULATION PROFILES
dc.subject
PREGNANCY
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
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PRIMARY ENROLLMENT
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PRIMARY ENROLLMENT RATES
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY
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PROGRESS
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PUBLIC SERVICES
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PUBLIC SPHERE
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PURCHASING POWER
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PURCHASING POWER PARITY
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RELIANCE ON ABORTION
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REMITTANCES
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REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
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RESOURCE NEEDS
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RESPECT
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ROLE OF WOMEN
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RURAL AREAS
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SAFETY NET
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SAFETY NETS
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SCHOOL LEVELS
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SECONDARY EDUCATION
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SECONDARY SCHOOL
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SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL
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SECONDARY SCHOOLS
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SEX
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SEX RATIO
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SEX RATIOS
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SINGLE-PARENT HOUSEHOLDS
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SKILL DEVELOPMENT
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SKILLED HEALTH PERSONNEL
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SOCIAL ASSISTANCE
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SOCIAL CONSEQUENCES
dc.subject
SOCIAL SCIENCES
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SOCIAL SECTOR
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SOCIAL SECTORS
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STUDENT ASSESSMENT
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SUBSISTENCE FARMING
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TERTIARY EDUCATION
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TERTIARY LEVEL
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TERTIARY LEVELS
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TRAINING WOMEN
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UNEMPLOYMENT
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UNITED NATIONS
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VIOLENCE
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VULNERABILITY
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WAGE GAP
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WOMAN
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WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS
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WOMEN IN ENTREPRENEURSHIP
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WORK EXPERIENCE
dc.subject
WORK FORCE
dc.subject
WORKING POPULATION
dc.subject
WORKING WOMEN
dc.subject
WORKING-AGE POPULATION
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YOUNG ADULTS
dc.subject
YOUNG CHILDREN
dc.subject
YOUNG GIRLS
dc.subject
YOUNG MEN
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YOUNG PEOPLE
dc.subject
YOUNG POPULATIONS
dc.title
Emerging Europe and Central Asia - Opportunities for men and women
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Gender
okr.date.disclosure
2012-02-07
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Other Poverty Study
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333037_20120208223659
okr.globalpractice
Education
okr.globalpractice
Health, Nutrition, and Population
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333037_20120208223659
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
15785010
okr.identifier.report
65189
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2012/02/08/000333037_20120208223659/Rendered/PDF/651890ESW0P1070IC0disclosed02070120.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Europe and Central Asia
okr.region.geographical
Eastern Europe
okr.region.geographical
Central Asia
okr.sector
Public Administration
okr.sector
Law
okr.sector
Public Administration, Law, and Justice :: General public administration sector
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Development
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Population Policies
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Health Monitoring & Evaluation
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Health
okr.topic
Education :: Primary Education
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population
okr.unit
Poverty Reduction/Econ Mngmt (ECSPE)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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