Working Paper

Urbanization, Agglomeration, and Economic Development

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collection.link.122
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/4397
collection.name.122
Commission on Growth and Development
dc.contributor.author
Quigley, John M.
dc.date.accessioned
2017-08-28T20:45:36Z
dc.date.available
2017-08-28T20:45:36Z
dc.date.issued
2008
dc.description.abstract
This paper reviews the linkages between urbanization and economic development. It articulates the relationship between urban density and potential increases in productivity, through specialization, complementarities in production, through the diffusion of knowledge and mimicry, and simply through size and scale. The factors limiting the efficient sizes of cities are analyzed. The paper reviews empirical knowledge, from underdeveloped countries as well as high-income industrial societies, about the importance and magnitudes of these productivity gains. The analysis documents the close link between gains in economic efficiency and the urbanization of populations in most parts of the world.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/914731468177532792/Urbanization-agglomeration-and-economic-development
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/28042
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Commission on Growth and Development Working Paper;No. 19
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
ACCESS TO CAPITAL
dc.subject
ADJUSTMENT POLICIES
dc.subject
AGGLOMERATION BENEFITS
dc.subject
AGGLOMERATION ECONOMIES
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT
dc.subject
AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
AIR
dc.subject
AIR POLLUTION
dc.subject
AVERAGE COSTS
dc.subject
BANKRUPTCY
dc.subject
BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
CAPITAL MARKETS
dc.subject
CENTRALIZATION
dc.subject
CITY POPULATION
dc.subject
CITY SIZE
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
CONGESTION
dc.subject
CONSTANT RETURNS TO SCALE
dc.subject
CONSUMER PREFERENCES
dc.subject
CONSUMERS
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT POLICIES
dc.subject
DISCRIMINATION
dc.subject
DISEASES
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATIONS
dc.subject
DIVISION OF LABOR
dc.subject
ECONOMIC CONDITIONS
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC LIFE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC POLICIES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC RESEARCH
dc.subject
ECONOMIC THEORY
dc.subject
ECONOMICS
dc.subject
ECONOMIES OF SCALE
dc.subject
EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
dc.subject
ELASTICITY
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
dc.subject
ENDOGENOUS VARIABLES
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS
dc.subject
EPIDEMIC
dc.subject
EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
FINANCIAL SECTOR
dc.subject
FISCAL POLICIES
dc.subject
FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT
dc.subject
GDP
dc.subject
GLOBAL AGENDA
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT POLICIES
dc.subject
GREENHOUSE GASES
dc.subject
GROWTH RATE
dc.subject
GROWTH RATE OF POPULATION
dc.subject
HEALTH PROBLEMS
dc.subject
HUMAN CAPITAL
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
INDUSTRIAL ECONOMIES
dc.subject
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
dc.subject
INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURE
dc.subject
INDUSTRIALIZATION
dc.subject
INFANT
dc.subject
INFANT MORTALITY
dc.subject
INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT
dc.subject
INNOVATION
dc.subject
INSURANCE
dc.subject
INVENTORY
dc.subject
LABOR ECONOMICS
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LABOR MARKETS
dc.subject
LABOR MOBILITY
dc.subject
LABOR SUPPLY
dc.subject
LARGE CITIES
dc.subject
LEGAL STATUS
dc.subject
LESS DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
dc.subject
LIVING CONDITIONS
dc.subject
LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES
dc.subject
MARGINAL COSTS
dc.subject
MARGINAL PRODUCT
dc.subject
MIGRANTS
dc.subject
MIGRATION
dc.subject
MIGRATION FLOW
dc.subject
MINIMUM WAGE
dc.subject
NATIONAL ECONOMIES
dc.subject
NATIONAL LEVEL
dc.subject
NATIONAL POPULATION
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
NEGATIVE EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
OUTPUTS
dc.subject
PATENTS
dc.subject
POINT OF DEPARTURE
dc.subject
POLICY IMPLICATIONS
dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH
dc.subject
POLICY RESEARCH WORKING PAPER
dc.subject
POLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
POLITICAL RIGHTS
dc.subject
PRACTITIONERS
dc.subject
PRICE DISTORTIONS
dc.subject
PRODUCTION FUNCTIONS
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PROPERTY TAXES
dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject
QUALITY OF LIFE
dc.subject
REAL WAGES
dc.subject
REGIONAL PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
RENTS
dc.subject
RESOURCE ALLOCATION
dc.subject
RESPECT
dc.subject
ROUTE
dc.subject
ROUTES
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
RURAL PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
RURAL WORKERS
dc.subject
SANITATION
dc.subject
SEARCH COSTS
dc.subject
SERVICE SECTOR
dc.subject
SKILLED WORKERS
dc.subject
SLUM DWELLERS
dc.subject
SOCIOLOGISTS
dc.subject
SOLID WASTE
dc.subject
SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
STATE OF WORLD POPULATION
dc.subject
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
dc.subject
SUPPLIERS
dc.subject
TAXATION
dc.subject
TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
dc.subject
TRADE POLICIES
dc.subject
TRAFFIC
dc.subject
TRAFFIC FATALITIES
dc.subject
TRANSACTIONS COSTS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT
dc.subject
TRANSPORT COSTS
dc.subject
TRANSPORTATION
dc.subject
TRUE
dc.subject
TUBERCULOSIS
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND
dc.subject
URBAN AGGLOMERATION
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
URBAN BIAS
dc.subject
URBAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
URBAN ECONOMICS
dc.subject
URBAN EMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
URBAN ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
URBAN ENVIRONMENTS
dc.subject
URBAN GROWTH
dc.subject
URBAN LIFE
dc.subject
URBAN MIGRATION
dc.subject
URBAN POLICY
dc.subject
URBAN POPULATIONS
dc.subject
URBAN POVERTY
dc.subject
URBAN SECTOR
dc.subject
URBAN SLUMS
dc.subject
URBAN WORKERS
dc.subject
URBANIZATION
dc.subject
URBANIZATION PROCESS
dc.subject
VALUE ADDED
dc.subject
VEHICLE
dc.subject
VEHICLE ACCIDENTS
dc.subject
VEHICLES
dc.subject
WAGES
dc.subject
WASTE WATER
dc.subject
WATER SUPPLIES
dc.subject
WORKER PRODUCTIVITY
dc.subject
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
dc.subject
WORLD POPULATION
dc.subject
WORLD POPULATION POLICIES
dc.title
Urbanization, Agglomeration, and Economic Development
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2010-11-25
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/914731468177532792/Urbanization-agglomeration-and-economic-development
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333037_20101125234851
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
13162534
okr.identifier.report
57719
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/914731468177532792/pdf/577190NWP0Box353766B01PUBLIC10gcwp019web.pdf
en
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Economic Theory & Research
okr.topic
Social Protections and Labor :: Labor Policies
okr.topic
Urban Development :: City Development Strategies
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Spatial and Local Economic Development
okr.topic
Urban Development :: Urban Economic Development
okr.unit
Poverty Reduction and Equity (PRMPR)

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