Working Paper

Growth Strategies for Africa

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collection.link.122
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/4397
collection.name.122
Commission on Growth and Development
dc.contributor.author
Collier, Paul
dc.date.accessioned
2017-08-28T17:12:38Z
dc.date.available
2017-08-28T17:12:38Z
dc.date.issued
2008
dc.description.abstract
Over the past four decades Africa has diverged from other developing regions and is now the poorest region in the world. This paper offers an explanation of Africa's slow growth in terms of its distinctive economic and human geography: its high dependence upon natural resource exports, the many landlocked countries, and the high ethnic diversity of the typical state. It discusses how key economic policy choices, especially trade and fiscal policy, and assistance from the international community, need to tailored specifically to these distinctive circumstances. Part one of this paper sets out an explanation for why this happened and whether it is likely to recur, using the building blocks of economic geography. Africa is distinctive both in its physical geography and its human geography and these have shaped its opportunities. Part one has three sections. Section two considers the implications of Africa's distinctive physical geography. It accounts for some of Africa's slow growth and suggests how strategies will need to differ radically among Africa's countries. In section three author turn to its distinctive human geography and the political problems that this has created. To a considerable extent these problems recently have been surmounted: Africa's human geography may explain delayed take-off rather than predict persistent stagnation. Finally, in section four, author consider three interactions between physical geography and human geography that generate intractable problems that are likely to require both regional action and international assistance in various forms. Part two uses the analysis of part one to consider policy options. Section five discusses options for African governments. Section six focuses on the supporting actions that can be taken by governments outside Africa and by international agencies. Section seven offers a brief conclusion.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/871591468008113955/Growth-strategies-for-Africa
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/28011
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.relation.ispartofseries
Commission on Growth and Development Working Paper;No. 9
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
ABSOLUTE ADVANTAGE
dc.subject
ADVERSE EFFECT
dc.subject
ADVERSE EFFECTS
dc.subject
ADVERSE SELECTION
dc.subject
AGGLOMERATION ECONOMIES
dc.subject
AGRICULTURAL POPULATION
dc.subject
AGRICULTURE
dc.subject
AIR
dc.subject
AIR SERVICE
dc.subject
AIR SERVICES
dc.subject
AIR TRAFFIC
dc.subject
AIR TRANSPORT
dc.subject
ANNUAL GROWTH
dc.subject
APARTHEID
dc.subject
ARTERIES
dc.subject
BANKING SYSTEMS
dc.subject
BENCHMARKS
dc.subject
CAPITAL ACCUMULATION
dc.subject
CAPITAL INVESTMENT
dc.subject
CENTRAL BANK
dc.subject
CENTRAL BANKS
dc.subject
CHINESE POPULATION
dc.subject
CITIZENS
dc.subject
CIVIL WAR
dc.subject
CLIMATE CHANGE
dc.subject
COMMODITIES
dc.subject
COMMODITY
dc.subject
COMMODITY EXPORTS
dc.subject
COMMODITY PRICES
dc.subject
COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE
dc.subject
COMPETITION POLICIES
dc.subject
COMPETITION POLICY
dc.subject
COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION LEVELS
dc.subject
COSTS OF TRANSPORT
dc.subject
DEBT
dc.subject
DEMAND CURVE
dc.subject
DEMOCRACIES
dc.subject
DEMOCRACY
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC GROWTH
dc.subject
DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION
dc.subject
DEREGULATION
dc.subject
DEVALUATION
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DISEASE VECTORS
dc.subject
DISEASES
dc.subject
DISINFLATION
dc.subject
DRIVING
dc.subject
DUTCH DISEASE
dc.subject
E-TRADE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC POLICIES
dc.subject
ECONOMIC POLICY
dc.subject
ECONOMIC REFORM
dc.subject
ECONOMIC STATISTICS
dc.subject
ECONOMIES OF SCALE
dc.subject
ETHNIC GROUP
dc.subject
EXCHANGE RATE
dc.subject
EXCHANGE RATE APPRECIATION
dc.subject
EXCHANGE RATES
dc.subject
EXPORT COMMODITIES
dc.subject
EXPORT COMPETITIVENESS
dc.subject
EXPORT INCOME
dc.subject
EXPORT MARKETS
dc.subject
EXPORT PROCESSING ZONES
dc.subject
EXPORT SECTOR
dc.subject
EXPORTS
dc.subject
EXTERNAL TRADE
dc.subject
EXTERNAL TRADE BARRIERS
dc.subject
EXTERNALITIES
dc.subject
EXTERNALITY
dc.subject
FEWER CHILDREN
dc.subject
FINANCIAL SERVICES
dc.subject
FISCAL DEFICIT
dc.subject
FISCAL POLICIES
dc.subject
FISCAL POLICY
dc.subject
FLOWS OF PEOPLE
dc.subject
FOREIGN CURRENCY
dc.subject
FREE TRADE
dc.subject
FREE TRADE AREA
dc.subject
FREIGHT
dc.subject
FUTURE PROSPECTS
dc.subject
GDP
dc.subject
GDP PER CAPITA
dc.subject
GLOBAL INTEGRATION
dc.subject
GLOBAL MARKETS
dc.subject
GLOBAL STANDARDS
dc.subject
GLOBALIZATION
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT REGULATION
dc.subject
GROWTH PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
GROWTH PERFORMANCES
dc.subject
GROWTH RATE
dc.subject
GROWTH RATES
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
HUMAN GEOGRAPHY
dc.subject
IMMIGRANTS
dc.subject
IMPORT
dc.subject
INCOME
dc.subject
INCOME EFFECT
dc.subject
INCOMES
dc.subject
INDIVIDUAL FIRMS
dc.subject
INFLATION
dc.subject
INTENSIVE INDUSTRIES
dc.subject
INTEREST RATES
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL ACTION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MARKETS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL PRICES
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT
dc.subject
INVENTORIES
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LEGAL STATUS
dc.subject
LEVEL OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
LIVING STANDARDS
dc.subject
LOCAL CURRENCY
dc.subject
LONG-RUN EQUILIBRIUM
dc.subject
LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES
dc.subject
MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS
dc.subject
MARKET SHARE
dc.subject
MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRY
dc.subject
MINORITY
dc.subject
MISMANAGEMENT
dc.subject
MISUNDERSTANDING
dc.subject
MONEY SUPPLY
dc.subject
MONOPOLIES
dc.subject
NATIONAL ACTIONS
dc.subject
NATIONAL BORDERS
dc.subject
NATIONAL CURRENCIES
dc.subject
NATIONAL LEVEL
dc.subject
NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCE
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
OIL EXPORTS
dc.subject
OUTPUT
dc.subject
OVERVALUATION
dc.subject
PATRONAGE
dc.subject
PEACE
dc.subject
PER CAPITA INCOME
dc.subject
POLICY DECISIONS
dc.subject
POLICY MAKERS
dc.subject
POLITICAL BUSINESS CYCLE
dc.subject
POLITICAL ECONOMY
dc.subject
POLITICAL PARTIES
dc.subject
POLITICAL PROCESS
dc.subject
POLITICAL SUPPORT
dc.subject
POLITICAL SYSTEM
dc.subject
POPULATION DENSITY
dc.subject
POVERTY REDUCTION
dc.subject
PRACTITIONERS
dc.subject
PRIMARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVE ASSETS
dc.subject
PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PUBLIC GOOD
dc.subject
PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject
PUBLIC RELATIONS
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICE
dc.subject
PUBLIC SERVICES
dc.subject
PUBLIC SPENDING
dc.subject
RAPID DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
RAPID ECONOMIC GROWTH
dc.subject
RAPID GROWTH
dc.subject
RAPID INDUSTRIALIZATION
dc.subject
RAPID POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
RATE OF RETURN
dc.subject
REAL APPRECIATION
dc.subject
REAL EXCHANGE RATE
dc.subject
REAL GDP
dc.subject
REAL INCOME
dc.subject
REFUGEES
dc.subject
REGIME CHANGE
dc.subject
REGIONAL ACTION
dc.subject
REGIONAL INTEGRATION
dc.subject
REGIONAL MARKET
dc.subject
REGIONAL TRADE
dc.subject
REMITTANCES
dc.subject
REPUTATION
dc.subject
REPUTATIONS
dc.subject
RESPECT
dc.subject
RISK FACTORS
dc.subject
ROAD
dc.subject
ROADS
dc.subject
ROUTE
dc.subject
RURAL DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
SAVINGS
dc.subject
SERVICE DELIVERY
dc.subject
SERVICE PROVISION
dc.subject
SLOW GROWTH
dc.subject
SMALL COUNTRIES
dc.subject
SOCIAL COSTS
dc.subject
SPILLOVER
dc.subject
STATE FAILURE
dc.subject
SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
TAX
dc.subject
TAXATION
dc.subject
TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE
dc.subject
TELECOMMUNICATIONS
dc.subject
TELECOMMUNICATIONS INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
TERRORIST
dc.subject
TERTIARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
TOLLS
dc.subject
TOTAL EXPORT
dc.subject
TOTAL REVENUE
dc.subject
TRADE BARRIERS
dc.subject
TRADE BLOC
dc.subject
TRADE DIVERSION
dc.subject
TRADE LIBERALIZATION
dc.subject
TRADE POLICIES
dc.subject
TRADE POLICY
dc.subject
TRADE RESTRICTIONS
dc.subject
TRADE TAXES
dc.subject
TRAINS
dc.subject
TRANSPARENCY
dc.subject
TRANSPARENCY INITIATIVE
dc.subject
TRANSPORT COSTS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
TRUE
dc.subject
URBANIZATION
dc.subject
VOLATILE ECONOMIES
dc.subject
VOLATILITY
dc.subject
VOLUME OF TRAFFIC
dc.subject
VOTERS
dc.subject
WEIGHTS
dc.subject
WORLD PRICES
dc.subject
YOUNG MEN
dc.title
Growth Strategies for Africa
en
dc.type
Working Paper
en
okr.date.disclosure
2010-11-26
okr.doctype
Publications & Research :: Working Paper
okr.doctype
Publications & Research
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/871591468008113955/Growth-strategies-for-Africa
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000334955_20101126041150
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
13163065
okr.identifier.report
57709
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/871591468008113955/pdf/577090NWP0Box353766B01PUBLIC10gcwp009web.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Economic Theory & Research
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Demographics
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Economic Growth
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Spatial and Local Economic Development
okr.unit
Office of the Regional Vice Pres (AFRVP)

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