Publication: 20 Years of HIV in Bangladesh: Experiences and Way Forward

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Azim, Tasnim
Khan, Sharful Islam
Nahar, Quamrun
Reza, Masud
Alam, Nazmul
Saifi, Rumana
Alam, M. Shah
Chowdhury, Ezazul Islam
Oliveras, Elizabeth
This report synthesizes data from surveillance, behavioral surveys and published and unpublished research to better understand emerging patterns and trends in the HIV epidemic in Bangladesh. Taking stock of 20 years of experience with HIV in Bangladesh, this report summarizes what is known about the coverage and impact of HIV prevention services, including knowledge on risk and protective behaviors. The report is divided into nine chapters. Chapter one provides a brief introduction and an overview of the methodology used for this exercise. Chapter two discusses the risks and vulnerabilities of the high risk groups including female sex workers, injecting drug users, male who have sex with male, hijra and overlapping populations, while chapter three discusses the trend of the infection amongst partners of high risk groups. Bangladesh continues to report low condom use, which is analyzed and discussed in chapter four. Structural factors including macro level and intermediate level factors that affect HIV interventions in Bangladesh are addressed in chapter five. The national HIV response is discussed in chapter six. The report concludes with a discussion of the main findings, with recommendations for the future in chapter seven, and chapter eight and nine are annexes and references.
Azim, Tasnim; Khan, Sharful Islam; Nahar, Quamrun; Reza, Masud; Alam, Nazmul; Saifi, Rumana; Alam, M. Shah; Chowdhury, Ezazul Islam; Oliveras, Elizabeth. 2009. 20 Years of HIV in Bangladesh : Experiences and Way Forward. © World Bank, Washington, DC. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
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