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Fertility Decline in the Islamic Republic of Iran 1980-2006 : A Case Study

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collection.link.95
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2203
collection.name.95
Other Health Study
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2017-06-30T15:44:07Z
dc.date.available
2017-06-30T15:44:07Z
dc.date.issued
2010-05
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:04:42Z
dc.description.abstract
Despite its volatile history, the Islamic Republic of Iran has performed well on social indicators, especially in providing basic services such as health care and education. Iran's fertility decline may have proceeded in two stages, the first beginning in the late 1960s. The Iranian government introduced a family planning program during the 1960s with explicit health and demographic objectives. Between 1967 and 1977, fertility declined-mainly in urban areas-to an average of 4 children per woman. Although the family planning program continued after the 1979 Islamic revolution, it was suspended after war broke out with Iraq in 1980. During the war, the government pursued a pronatalist population policy, including incentives for childbearing. The fertility decline coincided with improvements in primary and secondary education, possibly affecting the rapid decline in adolescent fertility during 1997-2006, especially when compared to other Middle East and North Africa region countries. Today regional disparities in fertility exist with higher fertility in less developed districts. Yet Iran's example shows how good public policy interventions in health (including family planning) and education can reduce fertility and contribute to human development.
en
dc.identifier
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/316231468340135221/Fertility-decline-in-the-Islamic-Republic-of-Iran-1980-2006-a-case-study
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/27494
dc.language
English
dc.language.iso
en_US
dc.publisher
World Bank, Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo
dc.subject
ABORTION
dc.subject
ACCESS TO EDUCATION
dc.subject
ACCESS TO FAMILY PLANNING
dc.subject
ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
ACCESS TO PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
ADOLESCENT FERTILITY
dc.subject
ADOLESCENT GIRLS
dc.subject
ADOLESCENTS
dc.subject
ADULT LITERACY
dc.subject
AGE AT MARRIAGE
dc.subject
AGE DISTRIBUTION
dc.subject
AGE OF MARRIAGE
dc.subject
AGED
dc.subject
BASIC EDUCATION
dc.subject
BASIC HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
BIRTH ATTENDANTS
dc.subject
BIRTH CONTROL
dc.subject
BREASTFEEDING
dc.subject
CENSUS OF POPULATION
dc.subject
CHILD CARE
dc.subject
CHILD HEALTH
dc.subject
CHILD MORTALITY
dc.subject
CHILDBEARING
dc.subject
CHILDBIRTH
dc.subject
CHILDREN PER WOMAN
dc.subject
CLINICS
dc.subject
CONDOM
dc.subject
CONTRACEPTIVE METHOD
dc.subject
CONTRACEPTIVE PREVALENCE
dc.subject
CONTRACEPTIVE SUPPLIES
dc.subject
CONTRACEPTIVE USE
dc.subject
DECISION MAKING
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR FAMILY PLANNING
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES
dc.subject
DEPARTMENT OF POPULATION
dc.subject
DEPENDENCY RATIOS
dc.subject
DEVELOPING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
DEVELOPMENT POLICIES
dc.subject
DIPHTHERIA
dc.subject
DIVORCE
dc.subject
EARLY MARRIAGE
dc.subject
ECONOMIC OBSTACLES
dc.subject
EMPLOYMENT OF WOMEN
dc.subject
ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH
dc.subject
EXTRAMARITAL SEX
dc.subject
FAMILIES
dc.subject
FAMILY PLANNING
dc.subject
FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAM
dc.subject
FAMILY PLANNING SERVICES
dc.subject
FAMILY SIZE
dc.subject
FEMALE LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
FEMALE STERILIZATION
dc.subject
FERTILITY DECLINE
dc.subject
FERTILITY LEVELS
dc.subject
FERTILITY RATE
dc.subject
FERTILITY SURVEY
dc.subject
FERTILITY TRANSITION
dc.subject
FERTILITY TRENDS
dc.subject
FIRST BIRTH
dc.subject
FIRST MARRIAGE
dc.subject
FIRST PREGNANCY
dc.subject
FORMAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
FORMS OF CONTRACEPTION
dc.subject
GENDER ROLES
dc.subject
GOVERNMENT POLICIES
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS
dc.subject
HEALTH CARE SERVICES
dc.subject
HEALTH CENTERS
dc.subject
HEALTH COALITION
dc.subject
HEALTH EDUCATION
dc.subject
HEALTH INDICATORS
dc.subject
HEALTH INSURANCE
dc.subject
HEALTH MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
HEALTH POLICY
dc.subject
HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
HEALTH SYSTEMS
dc.subject
HEALTH WORKERS
dc.subject
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
dc.subject
HYGIENE
dc.subject
IMMUNIZATION
dc.subject
IMPACT ON FERTILITY
dc.subject
INFANT
dc.subject
INFANT MORTALITY
dc.subject
INFANT MORTALITY RATE
dc.subject
INFERTILITY
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL WOMEN
dc.subject
INVESTMENT IN EDUCATION
dc.subject
IUD
dc.subject
LABOR FORCE
dc.subject
LABOR MARKET
dc.subject
LARGE FAMILIES
dc.subject
LARGER FAMILIES
dc.subject
LAWS
dc.subject
LEGAL ABORTION
dc.subject
LEVELS OF EDUCATION
dc.subject
LEVELS OF FERTILITY
dc.subject
LIFE EXPECTANCY
dc.subject
LIMITED RESOURCES
dc.subject
LITERACY RATES
dc.subject
LIVE BIRTHS
dc.subject
LOW BIRTH WEIGHT
dc.subject
LOWER FERTILITY
dc.subject
MALE CONDOMS
dc.subject
MANAGEMENT OF POPULATION
dc.subject
MARRIAGE AGE
dc.subject
MARRIED WOMEN
dc.subject
MATERNAL HEALTH
dc.subject
MATERNAL HEALTH SERVICES
dc.subject
MATERNAL MORTALITY
dc.subject
MATERNAL MORTALITY RATIO
dc.subject
MATERNITY LEAVE
dc.subject
MEASLES
dc.subject
MEDICAL EDUCATION
dc.subject
METHOD OF CONTRACEPTION
dc.subject
MIDWIFE
dc.subject
MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS
dc.subject
MINISTRY OF HEALTH
dc.subject
MODERN CONTRACEPTIVE METHODS
dc.subject
MODERN CONTRACEPTIVE USE
dc.subject
MODERN CONTRACEPTIVES
dc.subject
MODERN METHODS OF CONTRACEPTION
dc.subject
MORTALITY
dc.subject
NATIONAL FAMILY PLANNING
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
NEONATAL MORTALITY
dc.subject
NEWBORN
dc.subject
NUMBER OF BIRTHS
dc.subject
NURSES
dc.subject
NUTRITION
dc.subject
OLDER WOMEN
dc.subject
OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN
dc.subject
ORAL CONTRACEPTIVES
dc.subject
PARADIGM SHIFT
dc.subject
PATIENTS
dc.subject
PHYSICIANS
dc.subject
PILOT PROJECTS
dc.subject
POLYGAMY
dc.subject
POPULATION ACTION
dc.subject
POPULATION ACTION INTERNATIONAL
dc.subject
POPULATION CONTROL
dc.subject
POPULATION COUNCIL
dc.subject
POPULATION EDUCATION
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
POPULATION GROWTH RATE
dc.subject
POPULATION POLICY
dc.subject
POPULATION SIZE
dc.subject
POPULATION STUDIES
dc.subject
POSTNATAL CARE
dc.subject
PREGNANCY
dc.subject
PREGNANT WOMEN
dc.subject
PRENATAL CARE
dc.subject
PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
dc.subject
PRIMARY HEALTH CARE SYSTEM
dc.subject
PRIMARY SCHOOLS
dc.subject
PROGRESS
dc.subject
PUBERTY
dc.subject
PUBLIC HEALTH
dc.subject
PUBLIC POLICY
dc.subject
QUALITY OF CARE
dc.subject
RATE OF POPULATION GROWTH
dc.subject
RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
dc.subject
RELIGIOUS LEADERS
dc.subject
RELIGIOUS PRACTICES
dc.subject
REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH
dc.subject
RURAL AREAS
dc.subject
RURAL POPULATION
dc.subject
RURAL WOMEN
dc.subject
SECOND GENERATION PROBLEMS
dc.subject
SECONDARY EDUCATION
dc.subject
SECONDARY SCHOOL
dc.subject
SERVICE PROVIDERS
dc.subject
SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS
dc.subject
SOCIAL MARKETING
dc.subject
SOCIAL STATUS
dc.subject
SOCIAL STUDIES
dc.subject
SOCIAL SYSTEMS
dc.subject
SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS
dc.subject
STATE UNIVERSITY
dc.subject
STERILIZATION
dc.subject
TETANUS
dc.subject
TRADITIONAL PRACTICES
dc.subject
UNEMPLOYMENT
dc.subject
UNITED NATIONS POPULATION DIVISION
dc.subject
UNITED NATIONS POPULATION FUND
dc.subject
URBAN AREAS
dc.subject
URBAN CENTERS
dc.subject
URBAN POPULATIONS
dc.subject
URBAN WOMEN
dc.subject
URBANIZATION
dc.subject
USE OF CONTRACEPTIVES
dc.subject
VASECTOMY
dc.subject
VITAL STATISTICS
dc.subject
WAR
dc.subject
WORK ENVIRONMENT
dc.subject
WORKERS
dc.subject
WORKFORCE
dc.subject
WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION
dc.subject
YOUNG COUPLES
dc.title
Fertility Decline in the Islamic Republic of Iran 1980-2006
en
dc.title.subtitle
A Case Study
en
dc.type
Report
en
okr.date.disclosure
2011-07-04
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Other Health Study
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work
okr.docurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/316231468340135221/Fertility-decline-in-the-Islamic-Republic-of-Iran-1980-2006-a-case-study
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000356161_20110704021340
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
14499009
okr.identifier.report
63075
okr.imported
true
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/316231468340135221/pdf/630750WP0P108700Iran0pub08023010web.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Middle East and North Africa
okr.region.country
Iran, Islamic Republic of
okr.sector
Health and other social services :: Health
okr.topic
Gender :: Gender and Health
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Adolescent Health
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Health Monitoring & Evaluation
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Reproductive Health
okr.topic
Health, Nutrition and Population :: Demographics
okr.unit
Human Development Network (HDNHE)

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