Petroleum Product Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa : Comparative Efficiency Analysis of 12 Countries

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collection.link.83
https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/2191
collection.name.83
Energy Study
dc.contributor.author
World Bank
dc.date.accessioned
2012-03-19T10:12:24Z
dc.date.available
2012-03-19T10:12:24Z
dc.date.issued
2011-01-01
dc.date.lastModified
2021-04-23T14:02:04Z
dc.description.abstract
Petroleum products are used across the entire economy in every country. Gasoline and diesel are the primary fuels used in road transport. Oil is used in power generation, accounting for eleven percent of total electricity generated in Africa in 2007. Adequate and reliable supply of transport services and electricity in turn are essential for economic development. Households use a variety of petroleum products: kerosene is used for lighting, cooking, and heating; liquefied petroleum gas for cooking and heating; and gasoline and diesel for private vehicles as well as captive power generation. Prices users pay for these petroleum products have macroeconomic and microeconomic consequences. At the macroeconomic level, oil price levels can affect the balance of payments, gross domestic product (GDP), and, where fuel prices are subsidized, government budgets, contingent liabilities, or both. At the microeconomic level, higher oil prices lower effective household income in three ways. First, households pay more for petroleum products they consume directly. Seventy percent of Sub-Saharan Africans are not yet connected to electricity; most without access rely on kerosene for lighting. Second, higher oil prices increase the prices of all other goods that have oil as an intermediate input. The most significant among them for the poor in low-income countries is food, on which the poor spend a disproportionately high share of total household expenditures. Food prices increase because of higher transport costs and higher prices of such inputs to agriculture as fertilizers and diesel used for operating tractors and irrigation pumps. For the urban poor that use public transport, higher transport costs also decrease their effective income. Third, to the extent that higher oil prices lower GDP growth, household income is reduced.
en
dc.identifier
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333037_20110415023812
dc.identifier.uri
http://hdl.handle.net/10986/2743
dc.language
English
dc.publisher
Washington, DC
dc.rights
CC BY 3.0 IGO
dc.rights.holder
World Bank
dc.rights.uri
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/igo/
dc.subject
ACCESS TO ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
ACCIDENTS
dc.subject
AIRPORT
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORT
dc.subject
ALTERNATIVE TRANSPORT MODES
dc.subject
AVAILABILITY
dc.subject
AVIATION FUEL
dc.subject
BALANCE
dc.subject
BALANCE OF PAYMENTS
dc.subject
BARRIERS TO ENTRY
dc.subject
BOILERS
dc.subject
BORDER TRADE
dc.subject
BUS
dc.subject
BUS OPERATORS
dc.subject
CAPITAL INVESTMENTS
dc.subject
CARRIERS
dc.subject
CARS
dc.subject
COAL
dc.subject
COASTAL TANKER
dc.subject
CONCESSION
dc.subject
CONGESTION
dc.subject
CONSUMPTION OF PETROLEUM
dc.subject
CONTINGENT LIABILITIES
dc.subject
COSTS OF FUEL
dc.subject
CRUDE OIL
dc.subject
CRUDE OIL PIPELINE
dc.subject
CRUDE PRICE
dc.subject
CRUDE PRICES
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR AVIATION
dc.subject
DEMAND FOR PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
dc.subject
DEPOT
dc.subject
DEPOTS
dc.subject
DIESEL
dc.subject
DIESEL FUEL
dc.subject
DISTRIBUTION INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
DOMESTIC CRUDE OIL
dc.subject
DOMESTIC MARKET
dc.subject
DOWNSTREAM OIL
dc.subject
ECONOMIC REGULATION
dc.subject
ECONOMIES OF SCALE
dc.subject
EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT
dc.subject
ELECTRICITY
dc.subject
EXPORT MARKET
dc.subject
FAIR
dc.subject
FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE
dc.subject
FLEET MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
FLEET OPERATORS
dc.subject
FREE GASOLINE
dc.subject
FREIGHT
dc.subject
FREIGHT SECTOR
dc.subject
FREIGHT TRANSPORT
dc.subject
FUEL
dc.subject
FUEL ADULTERATION
dc.subject
FUEL COSTS
dc.subject
FUEL OIL
dc.subject
FUEL PRICES
dc.subject
FUEL PROCUREMENT
dc.subject
FUEL QUALITY
dc.subject
FUEL SHORTAGE
dc.subject
FUEL SHORTAGES
dc.subject
FUEL SPECIFICATIONS
dc.subject
FUEL SUPPLY
dc.subject
FUEL TAXES
dc.subject
FUELS
dc.subject
GAS PROCESSING PLANT
dc.subject
GASOLINE
dc.subject
GASOLINE COST
dc.subject
GASOLINE PRICES
dc.subject
GASOLINE PRODUCTION
dc.subject
GASOLINE PUMP PRICES
dc.subject
GRID POWER
dc.subject
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT
dc.subject
HIGHER OIL PRICES
dc.subject
HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURES
dc.subject
HUB AIRPORTS
dc.subject
INSPECTION
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL MARKETS
dc.subject
INTERNATIONAL OIL PRICES
dc.subject
INVENTORY
dc.subject
KEROSENE
dc.subject
KEROSENE CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
LAND TRANSPORT
dc.subject
LIQUEFIED PETROLEUM GAS
dc.subject
LIQUID FUELS
dc.subject
LONG-DISTANCE
dc.subject
LUBRICANTS
dc.subject
MARKET CONCENTRATION
dc.subject
MARKET INFORMATION
dc.subject
MARKET PRICES
dc.subject
MARKET SHARE
dc.subject
MARKET STRUCTURE
dc.subject
MARKETING
dc.subject
MILLION BARRELS
dc.subject
MINERAL
dc.subject
MONOPOLIES
dc.subject
MONOPOLY
dc.subject
NATIONAL OIL
dc.subject
NATURAL GAS
dc.subject
NATURAL GAS PROCESSING
dc.subject
NATURAL MONOPOLIES
dc.subject
NATURAL RESOURCES
dc.subject
OIL AND GAS
dc.subject
OIL COMPANY
dc.subject
OIL DEMAND
dc.subject
OIL INDUSTRY
dc.subject
OIL MARKETING
dc.subject
OIL MARKETING COMPANIES
dc.subject
OIL PIPELINE
dc.subject
OIL PRICE
dc.subject
OIL PRICES
dc.subject
OIL PRODUCER
dc.subject
OIL PRODUCTS
dc.subject
OIL REFINERIES
dc.subject
OIL SECTOR
dc.subject
OIL SUPPLY
dc.subject
OIL-IMPORTING COUNTRIES
dc.subject
PETROLEUM
dc.subject
PETROLEUM GAS
dc.subject
PETROLEUM INDUSTRY
dc.subject
PETROLEUM MARKET
dc.subject
PETROLEUM PRODUCT CONSUMPTION
dc.subject
PETROLEUM PRODUCT PRICES
dc.subject
PETROLEUM PRODUCT SUPPLY
dc.subject
PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
dc.subject
PETROLEUM REFINERIES
dc.subject
PETROLEUM SECTOR
dc.subject
PETROLEUM SUPPLY
dc.subject
PIPELINE
dc.subject
PIPELINE CAPACITY
dc.subject
PIPELINE COMPANY
dc.subject
PIPELINE TRANSPORT
dc.subject
PIPELINES
dc.subject
PORT OF ENTRY
dc.subject
POWER
dc.subject
POWER GENERATION
dc.subject
POWER PLANT
dc.subject
POWER SECTOR
dc.subject
POWER SHORTAGES
dc.subject
PRICE ADJUSTMENT
dc.subject
PRICE CEILINGS
dc.subject
PRICE CONTROL
dc.subject
PRICE INCREASES
dc.subject
PRICE LEVELS
dc.subject
PRICE OF OIL
dc.subject
PRICE REGULATION
dc.subject
PRICE SPIKES
dc.subject
PRICE STABILIZATION
dc.subject
PRICE STRUCTURE
dc.subject
PRICE TRENDS
dc.subject
PRICE VOLATILITY
dc.subject
PRICING POLICIES
dc.subject
PRICING POLICY
dc.subject
PRIMARY SOURCES
dc.subject
PRIVATE INVESTMENT
dc.subject
PRIVATE SECTOR
dc.subject
PRIVATE VEHICLES
dc.subject
PRODUCT MARKETS
dc.subject
PRODUCTS PIPELINE
dc.subject
PROFIT MARGINS
dc.subject
PUBLIC TRANSPORT
dc.subject
PURCHASING
dc.subject
RAIL
dc.subject
RAIL FREIGHT
dc.subject
RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
RAIL LINE
dc.subject
RAIL TRANSPORT
dc.subject
RAIL USE
dc.subject
RAILWAY
dc.subject
RAILWAYS
dc.subject
REFINED PRODUCTS
dc.subject
REFINERY
dc.subject
REFINERY CAPACITY
dc.subject
REFINING
dc.subject
RESIDUAL FUEL
dc.subject
RESIDUAL FUEL OIL
dc.subject
RETAIL
dc.subject
RETAIL MARKETING
dc.subject
RETAIL PRICE
dc.subject
RETAIL PRICES
dc.subject
RETAILING
dc.subject
ROAD
dc.subject
ROAD CONDITIONS
dc.subject
ROAD DAMAGE
dc.subject
ROAD IMPROVEMENT
dc.subject
ROAD TRANSPORT
dc.subject
ROADS
dc.subject
ROUTE
dc.subject
ROUTES
dc.subject
SALE
dc.subject
SALES
dc.subject
SALES ARRANGEMENTS
dc.subject
SPOT PRICE
dc.subject
STOCK LEVELS
dc.subject
STOCK MANAGEMENT
dc.subject
STOCKS
dc.subject
STORAGE CAPACITY
dc.subject
STORAGE FACILITIES
dc.subject
SULFUR
dc.subject
SUPPLIER
dc.subject
SUPPLIERS
dc.subject
SUPPLY CHAIN
dc.subject
SUPPLY CONTRACT
dc.subject
SUPPLY EFFICIENCY
dc.subject
SURPLUS
dc.subject
TAX
dc.subject
TAX REVENUES
dc.subject
TRAFFIC
dc.subject
TRAFFIC SAFETY
dc.subject
TRAINS
dc.subject
TRANSIT
dc.subject
TRANSPARENCY
dc.subject
TRANSPORT
dc.subject
TRANSPORT ACTIVITIES
dc.subject
TRANSPORT CAPACITY
dc.subject
TRANSPORT COSTS
dc.subject
TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE
dc.subject
TRANSPORT MODE
dc.subject
TRANSPORT MODES
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SECTOR
dc.subject
TRANSPORT SERVICES
dc.subject
TRUCKS
dc.subject
TRUE
dc.subject
UNDERGROUND
dc.subject
UTILITIES
dc.subject
VEHICLE
dc.subject
WHOLESALE DISTRIBUTORS
dc.subject
WHOLESALE MARKETING
dc.subject
WHOLESALERS
dc.subject
WORLD MARKET
dc.subject
WORLD OIL PRICES
dc.title
Petroleum Product Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa : Comparative Efficiency Analysis of 12 Countries
en
okr.crosscuttingsolutionarea
Jobs
okr.date.disclosure
2011-04-15
okr.doctype
Economic & Sector Work :: Energy Study
okr.docurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/main?menuPK=64187510&pagePK=64193027&piPK=64187937&theSitePK=523679&menuPK=64187510&searchMenuPK=64187283&siteName=WDS&entityID=000333037_20110415023812
okr.globalpractice
Macroeconomics and Fiscal Management
okr.globalpractice
Transport and ICT
okr.globalpractice
Finance and Markets
okr.globalpractice
Trade and Competitiveness
okr.globalpractice
Energy and Extractives
okr.googlescholar.linkpresent
yes
okr.identifier.externaldocumentum
000333037_20110415023812
okr.identifier.internaldocumentum
14060040
okr.identifier.report
61126
okr.language.supported
en
okr.pdfurl
http://www-wds.worldbank.org/external/default/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/2011/04/15/000333037_20110415023812/Rendered/PDF/611260ESW0whit1Efficiency0Study0121.pdf
en
okr.region.administrative
Africa
okr.region.geographical
Sub-Saharan Africa
okr.sector
Energy and mining :: General energy sector
okr.topic
International Economics and Trade :: Access to Markets
okr.topic
Macroeconomics and Economic Growth :: Markets and Market Access
okr.topic
Transport Economics Policy and Planning
okr.topic
Oil Refining and Gas Industry
okr.topic
Energy :: Energy Production and Transportation
okr.topic
Industry
okr.topic
Transport
okr.unit
Oil
okr.unit
Gas and Mining (SEGOM)
okr.volume
1 of 1

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